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Bapatla is a town in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the mandal headquarters of Bapatla mandal of Tenali revenue division.[5][2]

The town was formerly known as Bhavapattana,[6] Bhavapuri,[6] Bhavapattu[7] and Bhavapatta.[8] The names were derived from the Bhavanarayana Temple located in the town. Later, these names were transformed to the present name of Bapatla.[9]

The coordinates of the town are 15°54′16″N 80°28′3″E and is located at an altitude of 8 mts from the coast of Bay of Bengal.[3]The town experiences tropical climate with the average annual temperatures records at 28.4 °C (83.1 °F). Hot summers and cool winters are observed due to its proximity to the coast of Bay of Bengal. It receives both South west monsoon and North-east monsoon as well.[10] The precipitation is very high with an annual rainfall of about 854 millimetres (34 in) and the month of October receives a maximum rainfall of 197 millimetres (8 in).[11] It is most affected by the Cyclonic storms that occur on the east coast.[12]

Chilakaluripet is a city in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Chilakaluripet mandal in Narasaraopet revenue division.[4]notable people John David founder of AMG India international organization.

Geography

It is located in the Coastal Andhra region of the state at 16.10°N 80.16°E in the on the Eastern coastal plains. Chilakaluripeta is located 40 km (25 mi) south-west of the district headquarters Guntur, and 75 kilometres (46 mi) north of Amaravati (state capital).[5] The city is located in zone 3 as per Earthquake zones of IndiaKrishna River water from the Nagarjuna Sagar Right Canal is the main source of water for the residents.[6]

Gudivada is a town in Krishna district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Gudivada mandal in Gudivada revenue division.[2][3] It is one of the cities in the state to be a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.[4] It is Twenty sixth most populous city in the state with a population of 1,18,167.

JAGGAIAHPETA is a census town in Krishna district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is also the mandal headquarters of Jaggayyapeta mandal of Vijayawada revenue division.[4][5] The town is located on the banks of the Paleru River which is a tributary of the Krishna River.

 

Machilipatnam also known as Masulipatnam and Bandar, is a town in Krishna district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipal corporation and the administrative headquarters of Krishna district.[3] It is also the mandal headquarters of Machilipatnam mandal in Machilipatnam revenue division of the district.[4][5] The ancient port town served as the settlement of European traders from the 16th century, and it was a major trading port for the British, Dutch and French in the seventeenth century.[6]

Nuzvid is a town in Krishna district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It serves as the administrative headquarters for Nuzvid mandal and Nuzvid revenue division.[3][4]

Pedana is a municipality and the headquarters of Pedana mandal under Machilipatnam revenue division of Krishna district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located at a distance of 8 km (5.0 mi) from the district headquarters, Machilipatnam.

NAGAR PANCHAYATH

Tiruvuru is a town in Krishna district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a nagar panchayat in Tiruvuru mandal of Nuzvid revenue division

NAGARA PANCHAYATH

Vuyyuru is a town in Krishna district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.It is a Nagar panchayat and the headquarters of Vuyyuru Mandal under Nuzvid revenue division.

NAGARA PANCHAYATH

Nandigama is a town in Krishna district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a Municipality and also the headquarters of Nandigama mandal in Vijayawada revenue division

Mangalagiri is a town in Guntur district situated between the twin cities of Vijayawada and Guntur of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The town is the headquarters of Mangalagiri mandal under Guntur revenue division.[4][5] It is a major suburb of the cities of Vijayawada and Guntur. It also forms a part of the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region. It is situated on National Highway 16 between Vijayawada and Guntur.[6] The town was known to have existed since 225 B.C..[7] It is also a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region with a population of 73,613

Narasaraopet is a city in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The city is a municipality and mandal headquarters of Narasaraopet mandal and Head Quarters of Narasaraopet revenue division. The city also is the seat of the court of Additional District Judge [3][4]. It is also one among the top five cleanest cities in Andhra Pradesh.

Ponnur is a town in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the mandal headquarter of Ponnur mandal under Tenali revenue division

Repalle is a town in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The town is one of the 12 municipalities in Guntur district and the headquarters of Repalle mandal under the administration of Tenali revenue division.[4][5] It is situated near Krishna River in the Coastal Andhra region of the state

Sattenapalle is a town in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Sattenapalle mandal under Guntur revenue division.

Tenali is a city in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Tenali mandal and Tenali revenue division.[3] The city is renowned for art, cultural, drama and hence, it is often referred with the nickname as Andhra Paris.[4] It is also a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region and the seventeenth most populous city in the state with a population of 164,937. The city is well connected to villages nearby and people from rural areas come to Tenali for work purposes. The city is rapidly growing and has access to Theatres, parks. It is well known for the 3 canals that pass next to each other with roads in between them. Tenali Ramakrishna, one of the eight poets and jester of Maharaja Krishnadevaraya, hails from Tenali.

Vinukonda (also known as vinnakonda)is a town in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Vinukonda mandal and administered under Narasaraopet revenue division.

Piduguralla is a town in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the 12 municipalities in the district. The town is the headquarters of Piduguralla mandal and administered under Gurazala revenue division.[3] The town is also known as Lime City of Andhra Pradesh as there are abundant reserves of lime stone

Tadepalli Municipality is in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The town lies on the south bank of the Krishna river and is the headquarters of Tadepalle mandal of Guntur revenue division. It lies in Andhra Pradesh Capital Region and a small portion of the town is a part of the state capital, Amaravati.

Dharmavaram is a city in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal and divisional headquarters of Dharmavaram mandal and Dharmavaram revenue division respectively.[3] The city is known for its handloom silk sarees. The city is renowned for cottonsilk weaving industries and leather puppets.[4]So this city is called as Silk city of Andhra pradesh

Etymology[edit]

Dharmavaram tank was constructed by Kriyasakthi Odeyar. The name of the city was derived from the name of his mother, Dharmamba.[4]

Geography[edit]

Dharmavaram is located at 14.43°N 77.72°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 345 metres (1131 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, the town had a population of 121,874. The total population constitute, 62,250 males, 59,624 females –a sex ratio of 958 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[6]12,730 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 6,834 are boys and 5,896 are girls—a sex ratio of 863 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate stands at 71.07% with 77,564 literates, slightly lower than the national average of 73.00%.[1][7]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

Dharmavaram Municipality was formed on 1 April 1964 as a Grade–III municipality. It is upgraded to Selection Grade[8] and has a jurisdictional area of 42.50 km2 (16.41 sq mi) with 40 election wards.[9][10] Each ward is represented by a ward member and the ward committee is headed by a chairperson.[11] The present chairperson of the municipality is Beere Gopala Krishna and the commissioner is B.Rama Mohan.[12]

Economy[edit]

Dharmavaram is a hub for pure silk sarees. The economy of the town is dependent on the weaving industry. Farmers depend on rain water due to lack of water resources. A major crop in this area is ground nuts.[13]

Transport[edit]

Dharmavaram Junction

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Dharmavaram bus station.[14] Dharmavaram Junction railway station is a major railway station located on the Guntakal–Bangalore section and the Dharmavarm–Pakala branch line.There are two trains starting from this station to vijayawada and Machilipatnam

Education

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[15][16] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu, urdu.

Guntakal is a town in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Guntakal mandal in Anantapur revenue division.It is also the headquarters of the Guntakal Railway Division in South Central Railway.[2][3]

Geography[edit]

Guntakal is located at 15.17°N 77.38°E.[4] It has an average elevation of 432 metres (1,417 ft).

Demographics[edit]

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Guntakal municipality had a population of 126,479, out of which males were 62,695 and females were 63,784. The literacy rate was 75.70 per cent.[5] Telugu is the official and widely spoken language. Kannada is also spoken widely.[6][7][8][9]

Transport[edit]

Guntakal Junction

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Guntakal bus station.[10] The National Highway 63 passes through the town.[11] State Highway 26 connects Guntakal with Uravakonda.

Railways

Guntakal railway station is a 5 point junction and divisional HQ since from 1953 and is one of the most profitable division in Indian Railways. It has lines branching out to Mumbai, Vascodagama, Howrah, Bangalore and Chennai. It is the second largest division in SCR in route km. It is an 'A' category railway station and numerous trains pass through it daily. Starting from Rajadhani express to Duronto express, all the trains stop at Guntakal and it is a serving station for Bellary. Diesel & Electric Loco Shed are located near by railway station

Education

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by the government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.The oldest SKP Government Degree college is shortly going to celebrate its 50 years Golden Jublee Celebration. Among Government schools Railway high school and SJP govt school are famous. Among private schools KC.Narayana,Rotary,and ST.Peters are famous[12][13] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

 

Hindupur is a city in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located at the edge of the Andhra–Karnataka border and is the headquarters of Hindupur mandal in the Hindupur revenue division. It is located 100  km from Bangalore the capital of Karnataka, 464 km from the de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh and 98 km from Anantapur the district Headquarters.[3][2]

Hindupur Municipality is spread over an area of 38.16 square kilometres (14.73 sq mi) with a population of 151,835 (2011 census). It is an important local pilgrimage center with a number of temples in and around the city, including Guddam Sri Ranganath Swamy Temple, Sugur Sri Anjaneya Swamy Temple, Sri Peta Venkata Ramana Swamy Temple, Jamia Masjid, Madina Masjid, Masjid-E-Shams, Masjide E Maimun and the historical Lepakshi Sri Veerabhadra Swamy temple.

Hindupur is connected with the major cities in the region by road and by train. This includes National highway no.7, Bangalore Highway, Parigi Road, Lepakshi Road, Penukonda Road are a few to name. Hindupur railway station (Code - 'HUP') in the Bangalore - Dharmavaram Junction stretch of the railway zone – South Western Railway is one of the busiest in the route.

It was established as a 3rd Grade Municipality in the year 1920 and is divided into 30 Revenue Wards and 38 Election Wards. The Penukonda - Hindupur stretch has a number of industries involved in manufacturing, pharmaceutical, automobile and IT.

Topography[edit]

Geographically it is situated at a latitude of 130 50’ and longitude of 770 30’. The average elevation in Hindupur is about 2000 ft above sea level.

Climate and rainfall[edit]

Hindupur, in general, has tropical climate, winters last from November to February, while summer last from March to June. Even in summers, the city experiences lower temperatures compared to rest of the state due to its high elevation. Average annual rainfall is 551mm and most of it received during the months of July to August.

Geography[edit]

Hindupur is located at 13.83°N 77.49°E on the banks of Penna River.[4] It has an average elevation of 2,037 feet (621 metres).

Demographics

As of 2011 census of India, the city had a population of 151,677. It had a growth of about 25 thousands compared to the last census in 2001, where it stands at 125,074.[5] The present total population constitute, 76,625 males and 75,210 females — a sex ratio of 982 females per 1000 males, which is quite higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[6] 16,309 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 8,263 are boys and 8,046 are girls. The average literacy rate stands at 76.40% with 103,538 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[2][7] Telugu is the official and spoken language.

Economy[edit]

Hindupur is a prominent and renowned commercial center in Anantapur District and the Rayalaseema Region. Clothes and Retail (Referred to as Mundy Merchants Locally) are the most happening businesses in here and the various food products like jaggery, tamarind, chilies, ground nuts and pulses, etc., are widely traded. Besides these, procuring mulberry cocoons, production of silk threads, manufacturing silk saris has gained momentum from the past few decades as one of the important commercial activity in the city. Quite a few foreign teams from Switzerland and surrounding countries and a teams from World Bank have visited Muddireddipally a renowned area in the city, where most of the industries manufacturing silk saris are put up as the area is flourishing as a cottage industry and explored the possibilities of development in foreign trade of silk saris and fabrics.

Hindupur has are three privately run spinning mills, a food manufacturer called Kirikera Food Products Ltd, and a host of other industrial units in the Thumakunta Industrial Development area, which is 8 km southwards from Hindupur extending on both sides of Hindupur Bangalore Highway, The Industrial estate in the Sugur Sadlapalli, and with various other medium, small, and tiny industries and factories are coming up in the area makes Hindupur one of the exciting and emerging Industrial centers in the state. These industrial units and already existing ones such as a starch factory, oil mills, beedi and match factories, agarbathi units and various cottage industries have been successful in creating a vibrant industrial atmosphere in and around the city. Hindupur serves as an outlet for marketing the agricultural and industrial products of the hinterland, which comprises about 80 villages.

The Topographical features greatly influence the quantum of rainfall of any given region in the Monsoon tropics. Hindupur is no exception to the universal dictum. Situated far away from the eastern coast on the one hand, and effectively isolated by the Western Ghats on the other, Hindupur stands to double disadvantage of not receiving either of the monsoons in full. Hindupur receives the bulk of its rainfall between August and October. The annual average rainfall approximates to 55 cm. Rainfall here is not only inadequate but also uncertain and is widely fluctuating from year to year. Failure of monsoons in any year is bound to result in shortage of drinking water, not to speak of agricultural requirements. A good harvest and man's prosperity and well being depend largely upon the quantum of rainfall with an eye on the sky, the farmer places his hands on the plough here. So much has been the dependence of the people on the monsoon for raising crops. There is no other single group of weather phenomena, which is so far reaching in its effects on man's economic life, as the rain fall in this region.

Environmental issues[edit]

The Rainfall is sparse and spasmodic. Borewells provide the ray of hope for drinking water purposes. Though there are rivers like Penna and Kumudwathi, they remain dry throughout the year. There are no perennial rivers in the vicinity of Hindupur which results in excess dependence on underground water. Over-exploitation of groundwater and indiscriminate drilling of bores for the past few years has caused depletion of the groundwater table and drying of bore wells in most cases. The poor, despite their low income, are left with no other option, but to purchase two or three pots for drinking purposes, or drink the same ground water with salinity and other impurities. Urban Poor There are 53 poor settlements both notified and un-notified. Of the total population of the City of 1,51,835, the population in the Notified Poor Settlements is 137560 constituting 60% of total population of City as per 2011 census. This shows that most of the poor people are living in the slums. The poorest of the poor live in a state or utter dependency as casual labour and petty artisans, struggling to make both ends meet, barely surviving on the margin of life, sunk neck-deep in the whirlpool of poverty. As a result of low rainfall and recurring droughts, depletion of underground water table and lack of irrigation, poor people living in the surrounding villages migrate to the City in search of a better life. This exodus of poor from villages surround the City in search of better livelihood opportunities resulting in a continuous extension of existing poor settlements and creation of new settlements of the poor. Many poor people inhabit village poramboke sites or farmer villages on the outskirts of the city. The merger of six panchayats in the Municipality and migration of poor people from the surrounding villages in search of some sort of livelihood contributed to the emergence of large number of poor settlements without any basic civic amenities and services, like shelter, drainage, water supply, health, education and livelihood.

History and culture[edit]

Hindupur, a renowned business centre in Rayalaseema, in situated in close proximity to internationally renowned "Lepakshi", a veritable treasure-house an art and sculpture and "Puttaparthi" an adobe of spiritual splendor of a great soul Sri Satya Sai Baba. It appears that the City was at first found by one Sri Hindu Rao, Maratha ruler of Gooty by which name Siddhoji, the father of Morarji Rao of Gooty was known and, thus, it is named after him. The Hindupur is the southernmost Mandal headquarters of the southwestern ceded district of Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, bordering Karnataka. It was constituted as Municipality in the year 1920 and was upgraded as Special Grade Municipality in 1989. Soon, the City emerged as the largest ULB (Urban Local Body) in the District. The extent of the City is 38.16 km2 (2637.34 acres) and the population as per 1991 census was 1,04,651 (at present as per 2001 census 1,25,056) Six panchayats (Mothukapalli, Sadlapalli, Kollakunta, Melapuram, Muddireddypalli, and Singireddy palli) were merged into this City in 1987. The City comprises 30 Revenue wards and 38 election wards. Geographically it is situated at a latitude of 130 50’ and longitude of 770 30’. The city is surrounded by River Penna and has four irrigation tanks namely Kotnur Tank (Capacity of Tank=>81.51 M.Cft, Area=>20=>90 M sq ft) on northern side, Hindupur Pedda Cheruvu (Capacity of Tank=>25.14 M.Cft, Area=> 8.98 M sq ft) on southern side and Surappakunta (Capacity of Tank 15.05 M.Cft, Area=> 5.02 M sq ft) located centrally and Srikantapuram Tank (Capacity of tank  21.71 M.Cft, Area=>11.43 sq ft) on the eastern side. The elevation of Hindupur varies from +620 m to 630 m.

Kadiri is a town in the Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality, mandal headquarters and also the revenue divisional headquarters Kadiri.[2][3]

Etymology[edit]

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The name Kadiri is an alternative name for the Sanskrit word, Khaadri, meaning canary wood or Indian mulberry (Morinda citrifolia). The town has derived its name from the famous legend of Sri Narasimha Swamy described below, where the Lord emerges from a Khadri tree to rescue his devotee Prahlada. Sri Krishna Devaraya made an effort in building temple for Lord Narasimha which is now being visited by people all over the country.

Geography[edit]

Kadiri is located at 14.12°N 78.17°E.[4] It has an average elevation of 504 metres (1653 ft).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[5] Kadiri is a Municipality city in district of Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh. The Kadiri Municipality has population of 89,429 of which 44,375 are males while 45,054 are females as per report released by Census India 2011.

Government and politics[edit]

Civic Administration[edit]

Kadiri Municipality is the urban local body of the town, which was constituted on 28 August 1964.[6] It has a jurisdictional area of 25.88 km2 (9.99 sq mi) and is classified as a second grade municipality with 36 wards.[7]

Economy[edit]

An industrial estate was established under APIIC in 49.29 acres (19.95 ha).[8]

Transport[edit]

Kadiri railway station situated on Dharmavarm – Pakala Branch line and got into the mainline, after the 100 year age old MG line was converted into BG. It has many trains, including daily passenger trains running between Guntakal and Tirupati. A daily train runs through Kadiri connecting Hyderabad, the joint capital of Andhra Pradesh(From 2014 to 2024)-Telangana(Permanent) and Tirupati. It also has a weekly train running between Hyderabad and Madurai, Tamil Nadu.

Kadiri is on the National Highway 205, the Anantapur – Chennai road and has scores of buses to Chennai, Bengaluru, Vijayawada and Hyderabad by RTC buses and private travel agencies.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[9][10] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu, Urdu. Government Urdu High School is there near Clock Tower which offers Urdu as medium of instructions in Secondary education.

  • Groundnut Agricultural Research Centre, Kadiri (a unit of Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University)
  • Sericulture Research Institute, Kutagulla village, Kadiri Mandal.

 

Rayadurga is a town in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Rayadurgam mandal in Kalyandurg revenue division.[3] The town is renowned for its Handloom industry.[4]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 61,749. The total population constitute, 30,911 males, 30,838 females and 7,462 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 69.60% with 37,781 literates, significantly lower than the national average of 73.00%.[5] Telugu and Kannada both are spoken by the people.

famous places[edit]

Muradi,viprakallu narasimha Swamy temple,Sri Prasanna Venkateswara Swamy Temple,Sri venugopala Swamy temple,sai baba temple,Chowdeswari Temple,dashabhuja Ganapati temple, raja rajeshwari temple, rayadurg fort in mountain.

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

Rayadurg municipality is the civic body of the town. It was constituted on 1 October 1963.[6] It is classified as a Second grade municipality and the jurisdiction of the civic body is spread over an area of 50 km2 (19 sq mi) with 31 election wards.[7]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[8][9] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Transport[edit]

Rayadurg Junction railway station falls under the jurisdiction of Hubli railway division of South Western Railway Zone.[10]

 

Tadipatri or Tadpatri is a town in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Tadipatri mandal in Anantapur revenue division.[2] It is located at the border of Kurnool district and Kadapa district. The ancient world-famous Chintala Venkataramana Temple sprawling over five acre area is located in Tadipatri. From Tadipatri town at a distance of 1 kilometre, overlooking the Penna River, the Bugga Ramalingeswara Temple is located which is remarkable for a Lingam seated on a pedestal that is perpetually filled with water from a small spring.[3]

Geography[edit]

Tadipatri is located at 14.92°N 78.02°E.[4] Its average elevation is 223 metres or 731 feet. Tadipatri lies on the southern bank of Pennar River. Due to Mid Pennar Dam constructed upstream, the section of river in Tadipatri is usually dry throughout the year. Tadipatri is rich in cement grade limestone deposits. The lime stone reserves are extending in a triangle from Tadipatri in Anantapur district to Kamalapuram in Kadapa district and Bethamcherla in Kurnool district.

The rocks in Tadipatri area are part of the Lower Cuddapah Supergroup. It consists of dolomite, limestone and shale.[5]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, Tadpatri had a population of 108,171.[1]

Governance[edit]

Civic Administration[edit]

New Municipal Office of Tadipatri

Tadipatri municipality is the civic body of the city. It is a First grade municipality, constituted in the year 1920 and is spread over an area of 7.46 km2 (2.88 sq mi) and has 34 election wards.[6]

The municipality of the town oversees the civic needs like, water supply, sewage, garbage collection etc. It also implements strict ban on the use of plastic.[7] In 2015, S.Shiva Ram Krishna was awarded Green Leaf Awards 2015 in the category of Best Municipal Commissioner, which was organised by NGO Sukuki Exnora.[8]

Population[edit]

As of the 2001 India census,[9] Tadipatri had a population of 86,641. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Tadipatri has an average literacy rate of 56%, lower than the national average of 59.5%=> male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 44%. In Tadipatri, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy[edit]

On 10 September 1976, an industrial estate was established under APIIC in 9.09 acres (3.68 ha).[10]

Transport[edit]

Tadipatri Bus Depot

Tadipatri Railway Station

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Tadipatri bus station.[11] State Highway 30 passes through Tadipatri, which connects Anantapur and Bugga.[12] Tadipatri railway station is classified as a D–category station in the Guntakal railway division of South Central Railway zone.[13]

 

Gooty (/\u02c8\u0261\u028aθ\u026a/ GUUTH-ee) is a town in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Gooty mandal in Anantapur revenue division.[3][4] The town is renowned for the Gooty hill fort.[5][6]

Geography[edit]

Gooty is located at 15.12°N 77.63°E, at a distance of 52 km from Anantapur. It has an average elevation of 345 metres (1131 feet).

Earlier, Gooty was in the rule of Mysore kingdom under Tipu Sultan. After the fourth Anglo-Mysore war in which Tipu was killed by British, Gooty was given to the Nizam of Hyderabad, because the Nizam, along with the Marathas, helped the English in their campaign against Tipu Sultan.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, had a population of 48,658. The total population constitute, 23,943 males and 24,715 females —a sex ratio of 1032 females per 1000 males. 5,216 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 2,662 are boys and 2,554 are girls —a ratio of 959 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 76.91% with 33,411 literates.[2]

Government and politics[edit]

Gooty was constituted as III-Grade municipality on 3 September 2011.[7] The total income earned per annum for the FY (2010–2011) was \u20b9161.46 crore (US$22 million) and the expenditure spent by the municipality for the same year was \u20b9173.11 crore (US$24 million).[8]

Transport[edit]

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Gooty bus station.[9] Gooty railway station is located on the Guntakal-Chennai Egmore section, which is part of Mumbai – Chennai railway route, it is home to one of the 5 diesel locomotive sheds in the South Central Railways (SCR). Gooty Junction railway station is situated on the Bangalore – Hyderabad National Highway 7 (India)(old numbering)or 44, Ankola – Bellary – Gooty National Highway NH 63, Gulbarga – Gooty National Highway (In Process w.e.f 23/01/2014). Diesel Loco Shed, Gooty is home to diesel locomotives of the ALCO WDG2AWDG3AWDM3A and WDM3D classes.[10]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[11][12]

 

NAGAR PANCHAYAT 

Pamidi is a village in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Pamidi mandal in Anantapur revenue division.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

Pamidi is located at 14.9500°N 77.5833°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 284 metres (935 ft).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 30,886. The total population constitutes 13,583 males, 13,303 females, and 2,992 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate is 68.0%.[3]

 

 

NAGAR PANCHAYAT

Madakasira is a town with a population 19,432 in 2001 and also a mandal in Anantapur district in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India.[2][3] It is located near the state border with Karnataka. The Hill Fort in the village is one of the centrally protected monumemts of national importance.[4]

Geography[edit]

Madakasira is located at 13.9369°N 77.2694°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 676 metres (2221 ft). The height of the Madakasira hill is 2936 feet from the Sea Level.Formerly Madakasira is called as SIMHAGIRI because hill from one side looks like a sleeping lion.Around Madakasira there are numerous isolated Peaks and Rocky Clusters which are devoid of any vegetation. Madakasira town is cooler compared to the climate of elsewhere in Anantapur District, hence aptly known as Ooty of Anantapur District.[citation needed]

There are more than 20 villages in the Madakasira Mandal, they are Halukur, Amidalagondi, Eguva Ramagiri, Maruvapalli, E Achampalli, Kothalam, Chandakacherela, Gowdanahalli, R Anantapuram, Chatram, Mallinayakkanahalli, Cheepuleti, Madakasira, Melavoi, Govindapuram, Jadrahalli, Karesankanahalli, Yerrabommanahalli, Upperlahalli, Haresamudram, Bullasamudram, Manur, Kallumarri, C Kodigapalle and Thirumaladevarahalli. Mandals in this Assembly region are Madakasira, Amarapuram, Rolla, Gudibanda and Agali.[citation needed]

Historical places[edit]

There are many historical places near Madakasira related to Lord Shiva and numerous other temples and inscriptions.In Madakasira you can find a very big hill with a fort and a temple on its top build by VijayanagaraSamrajam. The town has recently constructed a very big Shirdi Sai Baba Temple [6]

  • Madakasira Fort

  •  
  • Madakasira Fort -Large bastion

  •  
  • Madakasira Fort - Old gateway

Education[edit]

The medium of education is Telugu and English, Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University's College of Agricultural Engineering is there in Madakasira town Near Tulasidaama vruddasramam Village, Penukonda Road.

Demographics[edit]

There are 120 Yadav dominated villages in the Madakasira assembly constituency.[7]

Indian census, 2001, the demographic details of Madakasira mandal is as follows=>[8]

  • Total Population=> 73,222 in 15,413 Households.
  • Male Population=> 37,344 and Female Population=> 35,878
  • Children Under 6-years of age=> 9,709 (Boys - 4,972 and Girls – 4,739)
  • Total Literates=> 34,125

 

 

NAGAR PANCHAYATH

Puttaparthi (IAST=> Pu\u1e6d\u1e6daparti) is a town in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Puttaparthi mandal of Kadiri revenue division. The original name of Puttaparthi was Gollapalli. The town is located on the banks of Chitravathi River which is a tributary of Pennar River, and is surrounded by undulating hills.[2]

Demographics[edit]

The official language in Puttaparthi is Telugu, the language spoken by the people of the State of Andhra Pradesh and by Sri Sathya Sai Baba. Other common languages spoken in Puttaparthi are HindiKannada and Tamil. Various national and international languages are understood and spoken due to the presence of national and international devotees.[3]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate is generally hot and dry throughout the year,[3] summer temperatures ranging from 34–42 °C (93–108 °F) and winter 22–27 °C (72–81 °F).[4] The hotter months are from March until July and the milder months are from November until January.[3]

"The southwest monsoons play a major role in determining the climate. The northeast monsoons are responsible for about one-third of the total rainfall. Some rainfall may be expected during the months of July and August and again from October to December."[4]

Puttaparthi is 475 meters (1558 feet) above sea level.[5]

Transport[edit]

Entrance to Puttaparthi

Road[edit]

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (APSRTC) operates bus services from Puttaparthi bus station.[6] People visit Puttapathi from all over India, and most State transport services also ply buses to Puttaparthi.

Puttaparthi is well connected by road to the district headquarters Anantapur (84 km), Hyderabad, (441 km), Bangalore (154 km) and all parts of Anantapur district.

Rail[edit]

Platform No.1 of Prashanti Nilayam Railway Station

Puttaparthi has a railway station named as Sri Satya Sai Prasanthi Nilayam which started functioning from 23 November 2000, which was Baba's 75th birth anniversary. It is about 8 km from the ashram. This station falls under the Bangalore Division of the South Western Railway and lies on the Bangalore-Guntakal railway line. It is easy to reach the town from the railway station in 20-25 mins, through various modes of transport like cabsautorickshaws and APSRTC buses. The town is connected directly by train to BangaloreChennaiHyderabadCoimbatoreMumbaiNew Delhi, and Kolkata.[7] and Sri sathtya sai prasanthi nilayam railway station is the 5th busiest station in Bangalore division of swr

Air

Puttaparthi Airport is a domestic airport situated in the town.

The nearest International airport is the Kempegowda International Airport at Devanahalli, a suburb of Bangalore which is about 119 km from Puttaparthi.and Sri sathya

 

Kalyandurg is a town in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters for Kalyandurg mandal and Kalyandurg revenue division.[4][5] The discovery of diamond-bearing Kimberlites in Kalyandurg area, is one of the clusters that has been discovered.[6]

History[edit]

Boya palegars ruled important forts of Kalyandurg and rayadurgam. The name of Kalyandurg was derived from the name of a Polygar of 16th Century known as Boya Kalyanappa. Kalyandurgam was under the rule of Sri Krishnadevaraya and was a part of Vijayanagara Empire.

Kalyandurg was a taluk of Anantapur district in Madras province which was earlier a part of Dharmavaram that was separated in 1893.[7]

Sri Subrahmanyeswara Swamy temple is located at the heart of the town. This temple was built in around 16th century.

Anantapur district is replete with Megalithic remains.[8] In the vicinity of Kalyanadurg, several hundred megalithic monuments, such as dolemnoid cists and cairn circles are situated at the foothills and the slopes of the Akkamma Vari hills. Another large group of cairn circles is 2 km north of Akkamma Gari Konda. Similar remains are located at Mudigallu, a village about 5 km easterly to Kalyandurg, and Muthalabanda village, 2 km north east of town, and Gallaplli situated towards Rayadurgam.[9]

.Sri Malleswara Swamy Temple =>-

Sri Malleswara Swamy Temple is Located at Kambadur, Kambadur Mandal in Anantapur District,Andhra Pradesh State.This Temple is Dedicated to Malleswara Swamy.

Sri Malleswara Swamy Temple is located 25 km way from Kalyandurg

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https://www.inrootz.in/historic-places/religious-spiritual-temples/pl88/Mallikarjuna-Temple-Kambaduru-Anantapur

Geography[edit]

Kalyandurg is located at 14.5500°N 77.1000°E.[10] It has an average elevation of 591 metres (1942 ft). The region of Kalyandurg area is an arid zone with poor stony red soils.[11]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, Kalyandurg had a population of 32,328. The population constituted 16,036 males and 16,292 females — a sex ratio of 1016 females per 1000 males. 3,404 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 1,760 are boys and 1,644 are girls — a ratio of 979 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 74.14% with 21,443 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[3][12]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

The municipality is spread over an area of 15.895 km2 (6.137 sq mi). It has an expenditure of \u20b9229.29 crore (US$32 million) and generates an annual income of \u20b9222.87 crore (US$31 million).[13] The municipal body oversees the supply of water with 70 litres per capita per day, in the form 453 public taps and 66 bore–wells. Its other services include maintenance of community halls, secondary and elementary schools and 13.45 km2 (5.19 sq mi) of roads, maternity and child health center such as the Government Hospital, RDT Hospital, and others.[14]

Politics[edit]

Kalyandurg (Assembly constituency) is one of 14 constituencies in Anantapur district, representing Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Vunnam Hanumantharaya Chowdary of Telugu Desam Party is the present MLA representing Kalyandurg (Assembly constituency).[1]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[15][16] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English and Telugu.

Transport[edit]

The Kalyandurg railway station is under the jurisdiction of Bangalore railway division of South West

 

Madanapalle is a City in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Madanapalle mandal and Madanapalle revenue division.[3][4]

History[edit]

Madanapalle was founded by Sri Ahobila Nayunivaru in 1618 AD.[4]

Sir Thomas Munro was first collector of Cuddapah. He constructed a small thatched house at the present Collector's bunglow and visited Madanapalle every summer. Madanapalle (Telugu=>\u0c2e\u0c26\u0c28\u0c2a\u0c32\u0c4d\u0c32\u0c46) or MandanaPalle Mandal (Mdl code-35) , is a mandal HQ, town and a Municipality in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh state, India. There are 21 villages in this mandal and the list is 1 Chinnathippasamudram (CTM), 2 Kasiraopeta, 3 Kothavaripalle, 4 Pothapolu, 5 Venkappakota, 6 Bandameeda kammapalle @, 7 Kollabylu, 8 Ponnetipalem, 9 Chippili, 10 Pappireddipalle, 11 Kammapalle, 12 Basini konda, 13 Pamaiahgaripalle, 14 Molakaladinne, 15 Valasapalle, 16 Madanapalle (rural), 17 Ankisettipalle, 18 Vem palle, 19 Malepadu, 20 Penchupadu, 21 Theneegalavaripalle population 107,512 (2001 census). Legend has it that the name of the town was originally " Maryaada raamanna puram" which has over time, changed into " Madanapalle". In 1850, Madanapalle was developed as subdivision and F.B.Manoly was the first Sub Collector. The town experienced several natural calamities like floods, famines and epidemics.

Rabindranath Tagore translated "Jana Gana Mana" from Bengali to English and also set it to music in Madanapalle.[5] The National Anthem was written by Rabindranath Tagore as early as in 1911 and was sung at the annual session of the Indian National Congress at Calcutta on 27 December that year. But it was actually done in Besant Theosophical College, Madanapalle, where Tagore stayed for few days in February 1919 that the now familiar tune was set. It was Margaret Cousins, wife of educationist, Dr. James Henry Cousins, who composed the tune for "Jana Gana Mana". Dr.J H Cousins was then the Principal of the Madanapalle College that was established by Dr. Annie Besant.

Geography[edit]

It is located at an average elevation of 695 m (2,280 ft) above mean sea level.

Madanapalle is located at 13.55°N 78.50°E.[6]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 180,180. The total population constitute, 90,700 males, 89,480 females and 13,448 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 81.40% with 99,486 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[8] Telugu and Urdu both are spoken.

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

The municipality was formed on 1 April 1961 and is spread over an area of 14.20 km2 (5.48 sq mi).[1] There are 35 election wards represented by a councilor.[4] Madanapalle urban agglomeration is spread over an area of 23.44 km2 (9.05 sq mi).[3] Its constituents include the municipality of Madanapalle, the out growths of Ankisettipalle, Chippili, Pamaiahgaripalle, Papireddipalle, Venkappakota, partial out growths of Basinikonda, Kollabylu, Ponnetipalem and Madanapalle (rural).[9]

Politics[edit]

Madanapalle is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh and the constituency number is 283.

Economy[edit]

The economy is based on agriculture and main products include tomatomangogroundnuttamarind and silk saris. Madanapalle is famous for agricultural products such as tomato, mango, groundnut, tamarind etc., Madanapalle is the biggest tomato market in Asia. The tomatoes from here are supplied to the most of the southern states & some of the northern states of India.

It is also famous for silk and silk products like saris and other casuals. The quality of silk product is recognizable. You can purchase silk sarees here at production cost. These are supplied to all major cities in South India including Bangalore, Chennai and all silk product towns for sales. Madanapalle surroundings have enormous reserves of granite.

Transport[edit]

Madanapalle is very well connected by road and rail. There are three Bus terminals in Madanapalle. State owned APSRTC buses run to different parts of the district, state and interstate - Hyderabad (TS), Bangalore (KA), Mysore (KA), Bellary (KA) and Chennai (TN), Vellore (TN). Madanapalle Road Railway Station (MPL) is situated on Dharmavarm - Pakala Branch line and all trains stop here. Trains are available here to travel to Secunderabad, Guntakal, Tirupati, Vijayawada. Daily trains are available from and to Guntakal & Tirupati. Other nearest Railway Station is Kurabalakota Railway Station where only Passenger trains stops.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[10][11] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Entertainment[edit]

There are more theaters, Sri Sai Chitra, A.S.R Theater, Sunil Theater, Sree Krishna Theater, MSR Movie Land, Sidhartha Theatre, Ravi Theatre, Mini Sidhartha. Madanapalle has long standing educational institutions like Besant Theosophical CollegeRishi Valley School, a boarding school, founded by the philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti,[12] [13] and Zilla Parishad High School, which was founded in 1924, Vasishta School (ICSE, AP State Syllabus) which was founded in 1981.[14] It also has four engineering colleges - Madanapalle Institute of Technology and ScienceSir Vishveshwaraiah Institute of Science & Technology, Aditya College of Engineering, Golden Valley Integrated Campus .

Notable personalities[edit]

 

 

Punganur is a town in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Punganur mandal.[2]

Geography[edit]

Punganur is located at 13.3667°N 78.5833°E.[3] It has an average elevation of 764 meters (2509 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[4] Punganur had a population of 70,000. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Punganur has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%=> male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 56%. In Punganur, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Governance[edit]

Main article=> Punganur (Assembly constituency)

Punganur Assembly constituency is a constituency of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is one of 14 constituencies in Chittoor district. Punganur panchayat was up graded to 3rd Grade Municipality on 19 January 1985.No Transport services Depends on other bus depot.

Transportation[edit]

Punganur has no Bus Depot, though there are lot of people travel to Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai, etc. are dependent on Buses from Madanapalle, Palamaneru Depot buses. Because of political issues.

There is no Rail services. Roads in the city were very narrow, congested.

 

Srikalahasti is a holy town in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the mandal headquarters of Srikalahasti mandal in Tirupati revenue division.[3][4] The town is a part of Tirupati Urban Development Authority, which is located on the banks of the River Swarnamukhi.[5] The Srikalahasti Temple is one of the important ancient Shiva temples of Southern India.

History[edit]

Srikalahasti Gopuram

This Srikalahasti town is named after Sri (spider), Kala (snake) and Hasti (elephant) that once worshiped Shiva Lingam here and attained Moksham.[6]

The Srikalahasti temple was originally built during Pallava period and the current structures were built by Chola king Kulothunga Cholan I, II and III during the 11th century. A huge hundred pillared mantapam was built by Sri Krishnadevaraya of Vijayanagara dynasty during the 16th century, an important feature of this shrine.

A historical reference to this temple occurs in the works of Nakkeerar, a Tamil poet during the Tamil Sangam Dynasty. He called it as Southern Kailash. Nakkeera composed hundreds of Tamil stanzas to praise Srikalahasteeswara. Dhoorjati, a Telugu poet native of this place and one among the ashtadiggajas of Sri Krishnadevaraya's court, composed a hundred stanzas on Sri Kalahasteeswara.

As per another legend, Vayu and Adishesha had a dispute to find out who is superior, to prove the superiority Adishesha encircled the Kailasam, Vayu tried to remove this encircle by creating Twister. Because of the twister, 8 parts from kailasam fell into 8 different places which are Trincomalee, Srikalahasti, TiruchirappalliThiruenkoimalaiRajathagiriNeerthagiriRatnagiri, and Swethagiri Thirupangeeli.[7]

Geography[edit]

Swarnamukhi river and the bridge at Srikalahasti

Srikalahasti is located at 13°45′N 79°42′E on the bank of river Swarnamukhi. It is located 38 km north of Tirupati central.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 80,056. The total population constitute, 38,995 males and 41,061 females — a sex ratio of 1053 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[2][8] 8,224 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 4,227 are boys and 3,997 are girls — a ratio of 946 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 78.66% (male 85.15%; female 72.57%) with 56,501 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[2][9]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government-aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[10][11] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English and Telugu.

Sri Kalahasteeswara Institute of Technology entrance

Srikalahasthi has educational institutions ranging from elementary schools to engineering and degree colleges. Srikalahasteeswara Institute of Technology is an engineered by Srikalahasteeswara Trust board.

Economy[edit]

The town depends mainly on agriculture and tourism. The main crops are paddy, sugar cane and ground nuts. Hundreds of Kalamkari artists also bring some revenue. Pilgrims visiting the Venkateswara Temple, Tirumala also visit the Srikalahasti temple.

Srikalahasti is famous for Kalamkari textiles.

Transport[edit]

Srikalahasti railway station is located on the Gudur-Katpadi Branch line section of Guntakal (GTL) Division of the South Central Railway (SCR). Andhra Pradesh State owned Bus services APSRTC operates buses from TirupatiChittoor and Nellore.       

Tirupati Airport is located within 25 km

Palamaner or Palamaneru is a town in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Palamaner mandal.[3]

Temples[edit]

"GANESH Temple" in Yedhulasantha Veedhi, "Sri Venkateswara Swamy" Temple at Santha Street Starting, Sri Anjaneya Swamy Temple Opposite side of Mallika Sari Centre, Pedha Veedhi, Shiva Temple at Santha Gate, "Gangamma Temple" at Santha before santha gate or beside of Sri Venkateswara Swamy Temple. "Maaremma Temple" at Maremma Gudi street, near Bus Stand. "Shani Mahathma Temple" beside palamaner of Gantavuru Village.

Palamaneru meant for lot of Historical Churches and mission schools. Mission Compound Grounds, CSI Church opposite to Govt Bus stand.

Schools[edit]

GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS Lot of Anganwadi and primary schools in Palamaner and high schools are in below. 1) North (B)High School 2) South (G) High School 3) Govt. Z.P. High School 4) Urdu High School

PRIVATE SCHOOLS 1) EMMAUS SWISS 2)Sarada 3) Brahma rishi 4) Kesava Reddy 5) Elena Bettini 6) Little Flower 7) Adharsha 8) Chaithanya 9) Ravindra Bharathi 10)Narayana 11)Little Angel's

AIDED SCHOOLS

1) O.L.L. Upper primary and High school.

Etymology[edit]

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The name "Palamaner" originated from "Pallava Yeru", meaning lake dug by Pallavas. "Yeru" in Telugu means lake. Palamaner is also known as Milk City of South India.

Geography[edit]

Palamaner is located in Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh at 13.2000°N 78.7500°E.[4] It has an average elevation of 683 meters (2,244 ft). Being close to Karnataka and Tamil Nadu state borders, people here bear a mixed culture.

Climate

The minimum temperature hovers between 12 and 28 degrees all round the year. The climate here varies seasonally and is invariably moderate which makes the inhabitants uncomplaining.

Famous For[edit]

Palamaner is famous for terracotta pots.Also Palamaner falls under Bangalore - Chennai Highway , Bangalore -Vijayawada /Tirupathi/vizag highway ,Ananthapur-Chennai Highway and Kurnool - Kuppam Highway Also as this area is majorly farmed,there is a Vegetable market associated primarily to promote Tomato. Tomota market is famous, and is largest and busiest Market in Chittoor district followed by Madanapalli market Palamaner the closest place to Bangalore ,lies in centre to metro's ,Palamaner is 132 km from Bengaluru, 191KM from Chennai and 110Km from Tirupathi. Has the only temple for Navagraha Temple in Rayalaseema. Milk city of south India (Tirumala, Dodla, Gowardhan, etc., milk dairies established in Palamaner) Ancient natural paralysis treatment available at Virupakshapuram, Nellipatla, which is 20 km from Palamaner. Mogali Ghat is very dangerous and has check post, in that check post checks all type of large travels of lorries.

An ancient Sri Venkateswara (KONETIRAYA SWAMY) temple is close by in Keelapatla village (7.5 km). The idol in the temple resembles the lord in Tirumala. This temple is now under TTD Administration. A holy place must visit. Gundlapalli village famous for silkworm farms(7 km).

 

Nagari is a town in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Nagari mandal in Chittoor revenue division.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

Nagari is located at 13.33°N 79.58°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 116 metres (380 feet). It is 3rd Grade Municipality in the Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh. It is spread over an area of 25.6 Sq.Km. With a population of 62275 ( 2011 Census). It is famous for Cotton weaving Sarees, Lungies, Dress Material, Desamma Temple, Kariyamanikyam Venkateswara Swmay Temple(TTD),SaiBaba Temple and Bananas

Location[edit]

It is location 444 km from Capital City and 67 km from District Headquarters. It was establishment as a 3rd grade municipality in the year 2005. There are 4 zones and 27 election wards in this municipality

Topography[edit]

Nagari is located at 13 degrees/ 33 minutes’ North 79 degrees/58 minutes East. It has average elevation of 144 meters, Nagari is situated on the Tirupati to Chennai Highway and 50 km from tirupati and 95 km distance from Nagari to Chennai.

Climate and Rainfall[edit]

Nagari Town, in general has a tropical climate, winters last from November to February, while summers last from March to June. The annual rainfall 11.62 mm, most of it received during the months of October/November & December.

Demography[edit]

The Population of the town which was 56832 in 2001 increased to 62275 in 2011 with an increase of 8.74% in the last decade. The sex ratio is 985 females per 1000 males. The literacy rate is 77.85 %.

 

Puttur is a census town in Chittoor district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Puttur mandal in Chittoor revenue division.[3][4]

Geography[edit]

Puttur is located at 13.43°N 79.55°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 144 metres (472 feet).

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[6][7]

 

Proddatur is a city in Kadapa District of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[7] It is located on the banks of the Penna River. The city is a municipality, and also the mandal headquarters of Proddatur mandal.[8] It is the smallest municipal body by area, but its urban agglomeration is 14th in the state in terms of population.

Geography

Proddatur is on the banks of the River Penna.

History

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Before Ramayana, the name of Proddatur was Bradhana puri (place of prayers). Its population was mostly composed of priests who wished to live on the bank of the river Penna.

When Lord Rama was on his way back to Ayodhya from Lanka after defeating Ravanasura (ravana samharam), he and his troops reached Bradhana puri at sunset; named Proddu in Telugu, the local language.

Lord Rama convinced sitha to stay the night at the river bank of Penna in Bradhana puri.

Priests of Bradhana puri changed the name of Bradhana puri to Proddatur by way of paying tribute to Lord Rama.

Economy

Its economy is mainly driven by gold and cotton businesses, book manufacturing, and financing. It is sometimes called the "second Bombay".[15]

Transport

Proddatur Railway Station Sign Board

Education

The primary and secondary education consists of government-funded and government-aided public schools, and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[17][18] Instruction in provided in either English or Telugu.

  • Sri Ramana Maharshi High School
  • St. Joseph's Convent E. M. High School
  • Govt. Polytechnic College
  • Vaagdevi Institute of Technology and Science[19]
  • Chaitanya Bharathi Institute of Technology[20]
  • Vignana Bharathi Institute of Technology[21]
  • Gouthami Institute of Technology and Management for Women[22]
  • SCNR Government College
  • Sri Venkateswara Veterinary College
  • YSR Engineering College of YVU

Notable places

  • Sri Vasavi Kanyaka Parameshwari Aalayam (Ammavarisala) – built and maintained by the Arya Vaishya community of Proddatur. Best known for the celebrations of the Dusshera festival.
  • Mukthi Rameshwaram[23] – Shivalayam built around the main deity, Shivalingam idol. As per the chronicles, the main deity's Prana Pratishtha was done by Lord Rama and Devi Sita on the left bank of the River Pinakini (Penna) during their return journey from Lanka.
  • Ayyappa Swamy Temple – Biggest Ayyappa temple in the Kadapa district. Well known for the Ayyappa Mala wearing ceremony of devotees, for initiating Sabarimala yatra; also well known for the three-story high idol of Lord Shiva erected by the temple authorities.
  • Rajeev Gandhi National Park – an ecological park developed by the government of Andhra Pradesh for increasing green cover over Proddatur. It also has a 1.5 km jogging track.
  • Sri Rajeshwari Multiplex – near a new bus stand, with well-maintained three halls, along with 50 shops also providing fun and entertainment in a shopping play zone.
  • SS Mall – a new construction behind Vivekanandha Cloth Market, near the old bus stand with five cinema halls.

Notable people

 

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Rajampet is a major town in Annamayya District of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and is located in the Rayalaseema Region. It occupies 35.38 km². Rajampet is an Assembly_constituency , Lok Sabha constituencyand Revenue division. It is located in Rajampet mandal of Rajampeta revenue division. It is bordered by Tirupati (90 km) and Kadapa (54 km). Rajampet is nearest to world-famous piligrim place Tirumala (110 km). Rajampet is bordered by Chittoor district to the south, Nellore to the east, Ananthapur to the west, and Kurnool to the north.It is Carver out From Kadapa district and created as new District as Annamayya.

Rajampet is located at 14.195°N 79.158°E about 478 km from Hyderabad , about 54 km from and kadapa, about 90 km from Tirupati and 207 km from Chennai in the Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh. It has an average elevation of 139 m (456 ft).

Education[edit]

There are numerous schools and colleges in Rajampet. In 1998, the first engineering college, Annamacharya Institute of Technology & Sciences,[2] was established, which is of high quality education at rural level with relatively better faculty and industry interaction.[2] Other professional colleges include Narayanadri Engineering College,[3] Modugula Kalavathamma College of Engineering for women.[citation needed] Major Schools and Colleges are Kakatiya institutions, Regency Nalanda Institutions and Government Junior College.

Transport[edit]

Railways[edit]

NH 716 passes through the town and is well connected to all major national highways. Rajampet railway station is a major Railway Station in the district which comes under South Central Railway of Guntakal railway division.

Roadways[edit]

APSRTC Buses from Rajampet to many Major Cities Rajampet - Hyderabad Rajampet - Vijayawada Rajampet - Banglore Rajampet - Chennai

Airways[edit]

Kadapa Airport, located in Kadapa city and Tirupati Airport, located at Tirupati are nearest airports to Rajampet.

Civic administration[edit]

Rajampet is a Municipality of area 35.87 km² in Kadapa District. Rajampet was a gram panchayat before 2005 and upgraded to nagar panchayat on 2 April 2005 upto an extent of 20.60 km2 (7.95 sq mi) and in the 2017 it is upgraded as Municipality.[4][5] It consists of 20 election wards.[6]

Politics[edit]

Rajampet is a part of Rajampet (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Meda Venkata Mallikarjuna Reddy is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[7] It is also a part of Rajampet (Lok Sabha constituency) which was won by P. V. Midhun Reddy of YSR Congress Party.[8][9]

NAGAR PANCHAYATH

Rayachoty or "Rachaveedu" or "Rayachoti" or "Rajaveedu" is a town in Kadapa district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality in Rayachoty mandal of Kadapa revenue division.[3] It is one of the oldest town in Andhra Pradesh. Rayachoty is famous for thousand years old The Lord Sri Veerabhadra Swamy temple.it is also called Dakshina Kaasi.this is build on bank of Mandavya river. Rayachoti is the 3rd biggest town after Kadapa and Proddutur towns in Kadapa district.It is the one of major Educational Hub in the district. Recently state government announced that Rayachoti is the part of Annamayya Urban Development Agency, it is the good sign for growth of this region.[4] Uniqueness of this temple is that Daksha Prajapati appears in worshiping form of the Lord Veerabhadra.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[5] Rayachoti had a population of 1,25,266. Males constitute 50.9% of the population and females 49.1%. 18% of the population is under six years of age. It is a 3rd largest town by population, education, financial and economic after the Kadapa and Proddutur

Transport[edit]

Rayachoti was well connected by road transport. It is a combination of 9 roads. Three National highways are going to the town. 1.The National Highway 40 kurnool-kadapa-chittoor passing the middle of the town. NH40 also called Rayalaseema Express highway 2. The National Highway 340 connects the town with Kurabalakunta road of(Bangalore -Madanapalli-Rayachoti-Kadapa) Andhra Pradesh. 3.proposed NH 370 Nellore to Anathapure (Nellore-Rapur -Rajampet-Rayachoti-kadiri-Anathapure)under planning.[6] The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Rayachoti bus station.[7]

There is an upcoming Railway station in Rayachoti under Kadapa-Bangalore new railway line project

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[8][9] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Urdu and Telugu. Rayachoti has an average literacy rate of 61.6%, male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 51%.

Pulivendula is a town in Kadapa, a district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. According to ancient folklore, its name is derived from "Puli Mandala" (meaning group of tigers), which was originally a forested area populated by tigers. It is located in Pulivendula mandal of the Jammalamadugu revenue division.[3]

Geography[edit]

Pulivendula is located at meridian coordinates 14.4167°N 78.2333°E.[4] It has an average elevation of 272 meters (895 feet).

History[edit]

The town of Pulivendula is well-known in the state of Andhra Pradesh as the birthplace of renowned politicians. Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy was one of the Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh from 2004 to 2009. He was reelected as Chief Minister in the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, 2009, but died three months later in a helicopter crash near Nallamala Forest on 2 September 2009. His son, Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy, President of YSR Congress, is the present opposition leader in the Andhra Pradesh State Assembly.

Governance[edit]

Municipal Office Building

Pulivendula municipality is the political body of the town. It oversees basic services such as water supply, sewage, and garbage collection. Pulivendula is included in the Jammalamadugu revenue division.

Recreation[edit]

Silparamam Entrance

Pulivendula has several parks and a craft village called Silparamam. The town is well known for its religious diversity, and it features several temples, mosques and churches.

Economy[edit]

Uranium mining[edit]

Main article=> Tummalapalle Uranium mine

On 23 August 2007, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the establishment of a uranium mine and processing plant at Mabbuchintalapalli-Tummalapalle, about 15 km south of Pulivendula, at a total cost of 11.06 billion rupees ($269.9 million). The plant was established by the Uranium Corporation of India. The cornerstone was laid on 20 November 2007, by Y. S. Rajasekhara ReddyChief Minister of Andhra Pradesh.[5][6]

Large deposits of natural uranium were found in the Tummalapalle belt in Andhra Pradesh's Southern Kadapa basin in March 2011. These reserves may prove to be among the top 20 most plentiful in the world.

The Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD) of India, which explores uranium in the country, has discovered 44,000 tons of natural uranium (U3O8) in just 15-km of the 160-km-long belt.

TVSR Technologies[edit]

TVSR Technologies Logo

TVSR Technologies was founded in 2015 by Amarnath Reddy Thota (CEO)Raghunath Reddy Thota and Yugandhar Reddy Thota The company was incorporated as "TVSR Technologies India Pvt Ltd." with a capital of \u20b9100,000 and Murarichintala, Pulivendula as its registered office. The company signed its first client, COPES Tech in Bengaluru. In 2016 the company's corporate headquarters was relocated from Pulivendula to Bengaluru.

Services Offering

  • We have expertise in developing software products in various domains such as Java, .Net, My sql, PHP, HTML, CSS, Javascript, Apps Design, and provide infrastructure support such as Linux, Windows, Mac, Networking, Server installations also we do Outsourcing projects.
  • TVSR Meaning Thota Venkata Subba Reddy

Transport[edit]

Pulivendula Ring Road

APSRTC Bus Stand, Pulivendula

Pulivendula has good infrastructure compared to other places in the Rayalaseema region, maintaining wide roads, an underground drainage system, and a ring road.[7] Pulivendula is connected to Kadapa by a four-lane road similar to a national highway. The nearby villages are connected to Pulivendula by two-lane roads. Bus transport is available from the bus station.

Education[edit]

JNTUACEP Entrance

Loyola Polytechnic Entrance

Primary and secondary education is provided by both government-aided and private schools, according to Andhra Pradesh's School Education Department.[8][9] The language of instruction in various schools is English or Telugu. Institutions of higher education in Pulivendula include Loyola Degree College.[10]

 

Badvel Assembly constituency is a SC (Scheduled Caste)[1] reserved constituency of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative AssemblyIndia. It is one among 10 constituencies in the Kadapa district.

NAGAR PANCHAYAT

Jammalamadugu is a Municipality and Revenue Division in Kadapa district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is in Jammalamadugu mandal of Jammalamadugu revenue division.[4]

Geography[edit]

Jammalamadugu is at 14.83°N 78.4°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 169 metres (554 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[6] Jammalamadugu had a population of 46,000 approximately. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Jammalamadugu has an average literacy rate of 79.5%, higher than the national average of 59.5%=> male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 74%. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transport[edit]

Jammalamadugu Railway Station Entrance

Jammalamadugu is on National Highway 67 (India). Daily bus services are available to HyderabadBangaloreChennaiVijayawada and Kadapa.

Jammalamadugu railway station is on the Nandyal–Yerraguntla section. It falls under the jurisdiction of Guntakal railway division.[7]

 

Mydukur is a town in Kadapa district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Mydukur mandal of Jammalamadugu revenue division.[2]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[3][4] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Yerraguntla is a Leading Industrial town in Kadapa district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Yerraguntla mandal of Kadapa revenue division.[2] The Leading industrial town is home to many cement factories and Rayalaseema Thermal Power Plant. Yerraguntla is located 37 km (23 mi) from Kadapa.

Geography[edit]

Yerraguntla is located at 14.6333°N 78.5333°E.[3] It has an average elevation of 152 meters (501 feet).

Economy[edit]

Yerraguntla is also famous for stones, which is used for houses flooring and construction of houses. Yerraguntla is driven by mining of these stones and transportation of these stones. Yerraguntla has good number of stone polish industries, and three major cement factories India CementsZuari Cements[4] Bharati Cements near Yerraguntla town[5] and Rayalaseema Thermal Power Station.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 32,574. The total population constitute, 16,558 males, 16,016 females and 3,754 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 70.56% with 20,334 literates, lower than the national average of 73.00%.[6]

Transport[edit]

Yerraguntla Junction is a junction for Nandyal-Yerraguntla section and Guntakal–Chennai Egmore section. It falls under the jurisdiction of Guntakal railway division and is one of the 'D'-category station in the division.[7]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration

Yerraguntla Nagar Panchayat is the civic administrative body of the town which was constituted in the year 2012.[8]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[9][10] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Adoni is a city in the Kurnool district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Adoni mandal, administered under the Adoni Revenue Division.[5][6] In the 2011 census of India, Adoni had a population of 166,537, making it the 16th most populous city in the state with an urban agglomeration population of 184,771.[3] it doesn't have internet electricity and cabel connection [4]

History[edit]

The Adoni fort is central to the town's history. In 1780, an observer wrote,

"Adoni is situated upon three mountains which are united; it has a range of irregular fortifications, piled one over the other. To maintain it requires a garrison of 30,000 men. The fortifications upon the mountains are often weak...To the south of Adoni, a large plain, to the north there are mountains, obnoxious from their nearness, to the east there are other mountains. To the west there are also mountains and this part is the weakest."[7]

In the 15th century and early to mid 16th century, Adoni was a fort town of the Vijayanagara Empire. It was controlled by the kinsmen of Aliya Rama Raya, a powerful aristocrat of the Vijayanagara.[8]

In 1558, during the decline of the Vijayanagara Empire, control of Adoni came to Ali Adil Shah I (1558–1579), the fifth Sultan of the Bijapur Sultanate.[9] Hamilton, in 1820, stated,

"It [Adoni at this time] stood at the top of a high hill, and contained within its walls many tanks and fountains of pure water with numerous princely structures."[10]

In 1564, the Sultanate of Bijapur lost control of Adoni to Mohammedan rulers.[10]

From 1678 to 1688, rule of Adoni lay with Siddi Masud, a wealthy Habshi (African) from Abyssinia[11] who was a powerful general of Raja Anup Singh of Bikaner,[12][13][14] Siddi Masud improved the fort; cleared the surrounding forest; established the townships of Imatiazgadh and Adilabad and constructed the Shahi Jamia Masjid.[15] Siddi Masud was also an avid art collector and a patron of the Kurnool school of painting.[16] In 1688, Adoni was attacked by Firuz Jang, a Mughal general. Siddi Musud surrendered with his courtiers and family.[17]

At the fall of the Mughal Empire, around 1760, Adoni was ruled by governors appointed by the Nizam of Hyderabad, a Mughal splinter clan. One such governor was Salabat Jung, brother of the Nizam.[18] The French supported the appointment. However,

"Salabat Jung was very mild by disposition and neither Bussy nor Dupleix rated his intelligence highly. In fact, Dupleix went to the extent of cal ling him a duffer."[19]

In 1786, Adoni was besieged for one month and then captured by Tipu Sultan of the Kingdom of Mysore of South India.[7](p56) On 4 May 1799, Tipu Sultan died at the hands of the English.[20] On 15 June 1800, Arthur WellesleyMarquess of Wellington, wrote to the resident at Hyderabad about appropriate reparations to the Nizam for English occupation of Adoni.[21] Adoni became one of twenty taluqs and in 1810, the Adoni and Nagaldinna taluqs were combined.[22] In1817 Adoni, at the beginning of the Third Anglo-Maratha War, the British raised a new battalion from other nearby regiments.[23][24] By 1842, the military had left Adoni because of the perception that the area was susceptible to cholera and because of the unfavourable rugged surrounding geography.[25] Under British rule, South India was divided into several administrative districts. Adoni fell into the district of Bellary of Madras presidency. On 29 April 1861, the acting district engineer of Kurnool wrote to the chief secretary to government at Fort St George,

"North and by east of Bellary, on the Hyderabad road, the only important town is Adoni; it contains a very large population of Mussulmen, and is a place of considerable trade and manufacture."[26]

In 1867, the Adoni and the Bellary Municipal Councils were created.[27] Between 1876 and 1878, a severe El Nino famine affected Adoni and the surrounding areas where nearly one third of the population died.[28] In 1953, after the linguistic reorganisation of the states, Adoni gained its present seat as part of Andhra Pradesh.

Geography[edit]

Adoni is located at 15.63°N 77.28°E.[29] It has an average elevation of 435 metres (1,427 ft) above sea level. The climate is mainly tropical, with temperatures from 31 °C to 45 °C in summer and 21 °C to 29 °C in winter. The soil is black and red. There are large limestone deposits suitable for cement and minerals such as copper, lead, zinc and in some places, diamonds.[30]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Adoni
Religion     Percent  
Hindus

55.02%
Muslims

45.49%
Christians

1.27%
Others†

0.42%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

The 2011 Census, recorded a population of 166,537. The total population constituted 82,743 males and 83,794 females. These numbers produced a gender ratio of 1013 females per 1000 males, which was higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[3][31] In the same year, 18,406 children were between 0 and 6 years of age. In this group, 9,355 were boys and 9,051 were girls, giving a gender ratio of 968 per 1000. The average literacy rate was 68.38 percent with 101,292 literate people. This number was significantly lower than the national average of 73 percent.[3][32]

The urban agglomeration had a population of 184,771, of which 92,006 were male and 92,765 were female, giving a gender ratio of 1008 females per 1000 males. Children aged 0 to 6 years numbered 20,517. There were 112,151 literate people giving an average literacy rate of 68.28 percent.[4]

Telugu is an official language of the city. Kannada is the third largest spoken language in the city, second being Urdu.[33][34]

Economy[edit]

Adoni is a large producer of cotton and has a substantial ginning and textile industry. The next most important industry is groundnut oil.[35] Adoni is an important trading centre in Andhra Pradesh with a large market situated in the centre of the town.[35]

Landmarks[edit]

Rock formations at Adoni Hills

Shahi Jamia Masjid, Adoni

Historical Adoni Fort[36] and Shahi Jamia Masjid[37] built in 1660 by Siddi Masud are some of the notable landmarks around the city. Sri Rama Jala is also one of the famous historical landmarks. Now it provides water for the town and also has a pump house. The historic Sri Ranamandla konda is located adjacent to Adoni fort.

Transport[edit]

Adoni Railway Station

Road[edit]

APSRTC operates buses from the Adoni bus station.[38] In addition, many private buses operate between Adoni and major cities like Hyderabad, Bangalore, and Vijaywada.

Rail[edit]

The Adoni railway station and its connections were built during British rule in 1870 [39] and is now a part of the South Central Railway on the Solapur-Guntakal line which is part of Chennai-Mumbai line.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is administered by the government and supplemented by private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[40][41] The language of instruction followed by schools are English ,Telugu, Kannada and Urdu

Degree Colleges names they are 1.The Adoni Arts and Science College 2.Sai Degree College 3.Dr.Jyothirmayi Degree College.

Engineering College name is Bheema Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) .

 

Nandyal is a Town in Kurnool district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Nandyal mandal in Nandyal revenue division.[3][4]

History[edit]

Nandyal has been an important pilgrimage site since the days of the Vijayanagar Kingdom due to the nine Nandi temples mentioned above. It was the introduction of the railways in 1890, however, that led to its rapid development. It became a municipality in 1900 and was visited, among others, by Mahatma GandhiDr. Rajendra PrasadJawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi.

Geography[edit]

Nandyal is surrounded by hills with the Kundu River on its west, the dense forests of Nallamala Hills to the east and granite mines to the south.

The City is rich in water sources like reservoirs. These give it an equitable climate throughout the year. However, summers can be particularly hot. The average temperature is around 28 °C.

Transport[edit]

The City is well connected by road and railways. The NH18 [ presently National Highway 40 (India) (NH 40)] is well connected to Kurnool, Tirupathi, Kadapa etc. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Nandyal bus station.[8] Nandyal Junction is administered under Guntur railway division of South Central Railways.[9] Kurnool Airport which is being constructed at Orvakal to be commissioned in July 2018 is 50 km from Nandyal

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[10][11] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu, Urdu.

 

Yemmiganur is a town in Kurnool district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Yemmiganur mandal of Adoni revenue division.[4]

History[edit]

Yemmiganur is one of the major towns in the Kurnool district. It was part of the Vijayanagar from the 14th century to the 16th century. From 1953 to 1956 it was an Andhra state, now in part of Andhra Pradesh. In 1965 the Panchayat of Yemiganur was upgraded to a Municipality. Now it is a Grade -I Municipality. It is a city at present. The current MLA is B.V. Jaya Nageshwar Reddy (TDP Party).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 95,149. The total population constitute, 47,456 males, 47,693 females and 12,177 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 62.98% with 52,254 literates, significantly lower than the national average of 73.00%.[5]

Transport[edit]

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Yemmiganur bus station.[6]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[7][8] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

 

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Dhone or Dronachalam is a town in Kurnool district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a Municipality located in Dhone mandal.[3]

History[edit]

Dhone was formerly known as Dronachalam.[4] Dhone is one of the biggest municipalities in Kurnool district. According to local tradition, the name of the village is derived from the name of the tutor Dronacharya, a character in Mahabharatha, who meditated on the hill in village. There is now a Hanuman temple, Dargah and church on the hill. Dhone has large deposits of high quality limestone, and it was previously the site of an active quarry. The quarry is no longer in operation. The oldest temple in Dhone is Sri Vasavi Temple, which was constructed in 1916. The Vasavi Temple celebrated 100 at the year 2017.

Governance[edit]

Civic Administration

The municipality was established in the year 2005 and has an extent of 9.85 km2 (3.80 sq mi). During 2010–2011 period, total expenditure per annum was \u20b9431 crore (US$60 million), while the total income generated per annum was \u20b9515 crore (US$72 million).[5] The municipality provided 798 public taps, 186 bore-wells, length of 106.28 km (66.04 mi) roads, 1551 street lights, a park, public market, elementary and secondary schools etc.[6]

Politics

Dhone is represented by Dhone (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Buggana Rajendranath is the present MLA of the constituency representing YSRCP.[7][8] Sri Kotla Vijaya Bhaskar Reddy (peddayana) elected as CM for Andhra Pradesh represent Dhone constituency.

Transport[edit]

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Dhone bus station.[9] Dhone Junction railway station is located in Guntakal railway division of the South Central Railway zone. Dhone has bus station situated near National Highway 44. Dhone railway station is the biggest railway station in Kurnool district.

Education[edit]

Dhone is one of the biggest town in education sector in Kurnool District. There are 4 Degree Colleges, 2 PG colleges ,Govt ITI College, DIET,B.ed colleges and number of small schools. AP CM Chandrababu Naidu also planning to setup Mining College in Dhone.

 

Nandikotkur is a town and mandal in Kurnool district of Andhra PradeshIndia.

Geography[edit]

Nandikotkur is located at 15.8667°N 78.2667°E.[2] It has an average elevation of 292 meters (961 feet). The nearest river is Krishna river.

Nandikotkur is a mandal (equivalent to county or borough), located 27 km from Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh. It serves as a major transit point connecting important cities including Kurnool and Guntur. The route to Srisailam from Kurnool also traverses through Nandikotkur. The legend says that Nandikotkur is surrounded by nine nandi statues (bulls) and hence this place was earlier called NavaNandikotkur and now this is called Nandikotkur. Handri Neeva Canal which provides irrigation water to Kurnool, Anantapur, Kadapa and Chittoor districts starts from Nadikotkur Mandal only. Sangamaheshwaram the place where seven rivers meet is located around 12 km from Nandikotkur.

Transport[edit]

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Nandikotkur bus station.[3]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[4][5] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Allagadda Town is a Municipality in Kurnool district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Allagadda Municipality.[3] It is located 112 km from Kurnool on National Highway 40 (India).

Geography[edit]

Allagadda is situated on the bank of river Vakkileru. It is located 118 km from Kurnool, heading to Kadapa. Allagadda is on Rayalaseema Express Highway. The highway was transformed into four lanes. The famous Temple Tirupathi is 228 km from there. The nearest railway station is Nandyal. Nearest Airport is Kadapa_Airport.

History[edit]

Allagadda was initially named Avulagadda (Avula means cows and Gadda means place). It was so named because there were once a large number of cows in the area. While the people called it "Aavulagadda", the British understood it as "Allagadda" and so the name was understood as Allagadda.

Ahobilam is one of the most famous historic temples Lord Narasimha Swami Temple which is very near to Allagadda (22 km approximately). There are two Ahobilams, one is Lower Ahobilam and other is Higher Ahobilam which is located 8 km from Lower Ahobilam. The deity is in a cave and very beautiful place to visit and also a newly opened Gayatri temple near Kadapa road by the all town Brahmin Sangam.[4]

Allagadda is famous for stone art (sculpture) and Daru Shilpam (wooden sculpture) in India. The traditional sculptors from this town are Mahasilpi Durugadda Balaveerachri (1926–1986), who won the award in First world Telugu conferences in 1975 and facilitated in Andhra Pradesh Rajatotsav celebrations in 1983. Another famous traditional sculptor was Durugadda Ramachari (1935–2008) who served as a professor in Telugu University.

The main contribution of Allagadda traditional sculptors are mainly Mahanandi Ramalayam (the ceiling in the mandapa and Garbhagriha the exceptional work of art of them), Srisailam Bhramarambha Gudi, Chagalamarry Ammavarisala, Ramalayam at Brahamgari Matam (situated in Kadapa District) etc., in almost all those places you can find their portraits carved on the pillars by themselves, their tradition was of Vijayanagara style. There are so many chances for development in stones industries and sculpting is one of the great art of Allagadda but no one is trying to give assistance for the people who are living on this art. Currently, around 60 firms are in the sculpture carving industry and growing more.

The current major project of Allagadda sculptors is Buddhavanam at Nagarjunasagar, this project is based on Amaravathi stupa and sculpture. This is the biggest project ever done from Allagadda sculptors.

Politics[edit]

2014 - Bhuma Akhila Priya Reddy (YSRCP MOVED TO TDP) (unanimously elected [DOC 24.10.2014])

NAGAR PANCHAYATH

Gudur, Kurnool district is a village and a Mandal in Kurnool district in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India.[2]The town was upgraded from Gram panchayat to Nagar panchayat on 23 June 2011.[3]

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Atmakur is a town in the Kurnool district of Andhra PradeshIndia.[2]

ullurupeta is a town in Nellore district of Andhra PradeshIndia. It is a municipality and also the mandal headquarters of Sullurpeta mandal.[3][4] It serves as a gateway to Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota. Sullurupeta is famous for Chengallamma Temple probably built in 10th century.[5]

Geography[edit]

Sullurupeta is located in Nellore District in Andhra Pradesh about 83 km north of Chennai. It has an average elevation of 11 meters (39 feet).

Cinema[edit]

V Epiq in Sullurpeta is the Asia's largest and world third largest cinema screen. it is 106 feet width and has 670 seating capacity. the complex will have two more screens with 170 seats each. One of them will have Dolby Atmos advanced 3D surround sound with woofers fixed to every seat for a more mind-blowing experience. Apart from this, there will be an all-terrain vehicle track for the entertainment of the visitors. cost is Rs 40 crores and in seven and a half acres.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, Sullurupeta had a population of 27,504. The total population constitute, 12,955 males and 14,549 females —a sex ratio of 1123 females per 1000 males. 2,612 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 1,330 are boys and 1,282 are girls —a ratio of 964 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 83.64% with 20,819 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[2][6]. Telugu is the official language spoken by the people of sullurpeta. But, Sullurpeta consists of small amount of Tamil minority people at chengalamma temple provinces and at Shar quarters. Since it's only the town near to the borders of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

 

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Naidupeta is a Town & Municipality in Nellore district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It also the divisional headquarters and Mandal headquarters of Naidupeta revenue division.[2][3]

Transport[edit]

Naidupeta Railway station

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Naidupeta bus station.[4]

Naidupeta has a railway station on Chennai - Hyderabad route operated by South Central Railways.[5]

Chirala (About this soundpronunciation (help·info)) also known as Kshirapuri is a town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Chirala mandal in Ongole revenue division.[4][5]As of 2011 census of India, it had a population of 87,200. It is also known as 'SMALL BOMBAY' or 'MINI MUMBAI' of South India where textiles and hand-loom are famous till date. It is also one of the main producers of Cashew Nuts in different varieties and are exported across the world. Chirala is also famous tourist spot for beach resorts, Vodarevu beach is just 6 kilo meter's away.

Geography[edit]

The coordinates of the town are 15.8246°N 80.3521°E and is located at an altitude of 3 m (9.8 ft) from the coast of Bay of Bengal.[2]

Climate

The town experiences tropical climate with the average annual temperature records at 28.5 °C (83.3 °F). Hot summers and cool winters are observed due to its proximity to the coast of Bay of Bengal. It receives both South west monsoon and North-east monsoon as well. The precipitation is very high with an annual rainfall of about 200 millimetres (8 in) and the month of October receives a maximum rainfall of 197 millimetres (8 in).[7]

Governance[edit]

Municipal office

Chirala Municipality is the civic governing body of the town. It is a first grade municipality, constituted on 1 April 1948 and has a jurisdictional area of 13.57 km2 (5.24 sq mi) with 33 election wards.[1][8] The present municipal commissioner of the town is P.Sreenivasa Rao.[9] The constituents of Chirala urban agglomeration include, Chirala Municipality, census towns of Chirala, Vetapalem; out growths of Ipurupalem , and Kothapeta.[10]

Economy[edit]

Chirala Beach

Handloom weaving industry is one of the main occupation the town.[11]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census of India, the town had a population of 92,942 with 23,070 households. It shows 2.04% growth in population, compared to 2001 Census of India which was recorded as 85,455.[12] The total population constitute, 42,927 males and 44,273 females —a sex ratio of 1031 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[13] 8,389 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 4,253 are boys and 4,136 are girls —a ratio of 973 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate stands at 78.80% with 62,099 literates, higher than the national average of 73.00%.[4][14]

The urban agglomeration population of Chirala is 162,471.[6][15]

Transport[edit]

See also=> Chirala railway station

Chirala railway station main entrance

The town is also well connected with National and state highways. The National Highway 214A passes through the town, which connects Digamarru and Ongole.[16] State Highway 48, also referred as Guntur-Bapatla-Chirala Road connects the town with Guntur.[17] State Highway 45 connects it with Piduguralla, which passes through Narasaraopet and Chilakaluripet.[18] Public transport includes, the buses operated by state run APSRTCservices. Chirala railway station is an A–Category station in Vijayawada Railway Division of South Central Railway zone. It is located on the Howrah-Chennai main line of Indian Railways.[19]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[20][21] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Kandukur Assembly constituency is a constituency of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative AssemblyIndia. It is one of twelve constituencies in the Prakasham district.[1]

It is part of the Nellore Lok Sabha constituency along with another six Vidhan Sabha segments=> KavaliAtmakurKovuruNellore CityNellore Rural and Udayagiri in the Nellore district.

The constituency covers 5 Mandals including Municipality(Town) GudluruLingasamudramKandukurUlavapaduVoletivaripalem and Kandukur Municipality.

Town[edit]

Kandukur Municipality[edit]

Kandukur Municipality. The Kandukur city is divided into 22 wards, total administration over 13,934 houses for which elections are held every 5 years. The Kandukur Municipality has population of 57,246 of which 28,644 are males while 28,602 are females as per report released by Census India 2011.

Markapuram is a town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Markapur mandal in Markapur revenue division. It is located around the Nallamala Hills.[3] As of 2011 the town had a population of 1,40,000[4].

Geography[edit]

Markapuram is located at 15.73°N 79.28°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 145 metres (476 ft).

Transport[edit]

Markapuram is located on the Ananthapur - Amaravathi Express Highway.This is near from Kurnool than Ongole around 90 km and also near by Nandyal.[6] It is a part of the Guntur division of South Central Railwaydivision. The railway line from Vijayawada to Guntakal passes through this station.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[7][8] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English and Telugu.

NAGAR PANCHAYATH.

Giddaluru is a census town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Giddaluru mandal in Markapur revenue division.[3]

Geography[edit]

Giddalur is Located in prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh on the Ongole - Nandyal Highway. Giddalur is located at 15.3500°N 78.9167°E.[4]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Giddalur has population of 35,150 of which 17,728 are males while 17,422 are females. Average Sex Ratio is of 983 against state average of 993. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 3445 which is 9.80% of total population of Giddaluru. Child Sex Ratio in Giddaluru is around 971 compared to Andhra Pradesh state average of 939. Literacy rate of Giddaluru city is 79.71% higher than state average of 67.02%.[5]

as per survey it was found so many jawaans are there from giddalur .

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[6][7] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Sports[edit]

The primary and secondary school education and sports is imparted by government, aided and private schools, So many Army candidates are from the Giddalur. Having Good Volleyball Team in Surrounding Areas.

Industries[edit]

A few ice cream factories are set up around the town giddalur nearby to the town in the place called ramanna kathuva a few people are planning to set up oil factory in the village chinaganipalli which came under giddalur constution.

 

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Addanki is a town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Addanki North is the mandal headquarters of Addanki mandal in Ongole revenue division.[4]

Geography[edit]

Addanki located at 15.8167°N 79.9833°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 24 meters (82 ft). It is located between Guntur (70 km) and Ongole (36 km) and Chialakaluripet (44 km) and Narasaraopet (50 km).

Addanki is located in the bank of Gundlakamma river. This river is the main resource of drinking water for Addanki,

History[edit]

Addanki is an important region in the ancient Kammanadu.[6]

Addanki inscription[edit]

The inscription, a replica of the original one which is excavated near Thousand Pillar Temple of Addanki,[7] stands testimony to a flourishing Telugu literature much before the available literary texts. Locals believe that this is the first poem ever to be written in Telugu. Starting with the Boya campaign, Pandaranga got victories in all military campaigns of his master Gunaga Vijayaditya III. The inscription spoke about the donation of land by the king to him for his successful military exploits. A noted scholar-poet of those times, he had translated Sanskrit poems into Telugu.


Historical Temples

1. 1000 Stambala Temple ( near to Bhavani center Junction ) 2. Sri Prasannajayaneya Swamy Temple, Singarakonda ( Ongole-Hyderabad Highway) 5km from Addanki Bus stop

Politics[edit]

Addanki is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. Addanki, Ballikurava, Korisapadu, Panguluru, and Santamaguluru are the 5 mandals that come under Addanki Assembly Constituency. Addanki assembly comes under Bapatla parliament constituency. Present MLA Gottipati Ravi Kumar AND Present MP Sriram Malyadri (Bapatla).

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Addanki is a well connected with all major cities and towns via road due to its geographical position between Guntur (70 km) , Ongole(36 km) and Chilakaluripet (44 km) and Narasaraopet (50 km). It has better connectivity to Hyderabad via SH12 and thus saves the distance of 102 km on the Chennai – Ongole - Miryalaguda – Hyderabad route compared to the route via NH5.

Railway[edit]

The nearest railway stations to addanki is Ongole Railway Station which is at 38.6 km distance and another railway station Narasaraopet Railway Station which is at 51 km distance.

 

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Kanigiri is a census town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of kanigiri mandal in Kandukur revenue division.[3][4]

Etymology[edit]

The name is a vernacular transformation of Kanakagiri (Kanaka = gold and Giri = Hill).[5] In olden times it was said that the town adjoining the hill was called Kanakapatnam.

Geography and climate[edit]

Kanigiri has a tropical climate, specifically a tropical wet and dry climate (Aw) under the Köppen climate classification, Kanigiri is located near the coast of the Bay of Bengal. The town is surrounded by the range of Eastern Ghats. It has an average elevation of 101 metres (334 feet), and enjoys a hot climate for most of the year.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census, the total population of the Kanigiri was 37,420, of which male population constitutes 18,886 and female population of 18,534. It has a literacy rate of 77.55 percent. The population under six years of age are 4,065.

Administration[edit]

Kanigiri is also declared as Municipality during 2013-2014 and also a constituency.

Civic services[edit]

Drinking water

Residents depended on monsoon rains for drinking water; currently, water from the reservoir Nagarjuna Sagar Dam via pumplines reaches the town through a plant near Doruvu.

The first cases of endemic skeletal fluorosis (and its neurological signs) in the world were recorded in the PodiliDarsi and Kanigiri areas of Andhra Pradesh in 1937.[6]

Politics[edit]

Kadiri Baburao has won the 2014 Andhra Pradesh Assembly elections from TDP.

Transport[edit]

Kanigiri is connected by road to all other cities in Andhra Pradesh by Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport CorporationNational Highway 565 passes through Kanigiri, which coonects Hyderabad and Yerpedu.[7] Kanigiri is well connected by Road to all major cities in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Kanigiri RTC Depot runs dially services to Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Karimnagar, Warangal, Bangalore, Chennai all this bus runs in schedule timings form morning to night.

Nearest Railway station is - Markapur Road—60 km far. Ongole is 80 km. Singarayakonda - 65 km;A new Railway Station is Coming up in Kanigiri under the new railway line Project of Nadikudi–Srikalahasti section ; Nearest Airport - Vijayawada (Gannavaram) airport- 220 km. Hyderabad International Airport 330 km. Chennai International Airport - 350 km.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[8][9]

 

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Chimakurthy is a town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Chimakurthi mandal in Ongole revenue division[2]

Amalapuram is a town in East Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal and divisional headquarters of Amalapuram mandal and Amalapuram revenue division.[4][5] The town is situated in the delta of Konaseema.[6]

History[edit]

Godavari River in Pasarlapudi village near Amalapuram

Amalapuram was originally named Amrutpuri which later changed to Amlipuri. Some of its temples are dedicated to Amaleswarudu.

Amalapuram is also called Panchalingapuram as it is the seat of five temples to Shiva as Amaleswaudu, Sidheswarudu, Ramalingeswarudu, Chandramouleeswarudu and Chennamalleeswarudu. Amalapuram is the third most developed town in East Godavari district after Rajahmundry and Kakinada. It is hub of Konaseema for education and financial institutes. There are approximately 65 schools and colleges, six engineering colleges and one medical college in the area. It is one among few parliament constituencies in India which do not have a railway connectivity.

Geography[edit]

Amalapuram is spread over an area of 7.20 km2 (2.78 sq mi).[4] It is located at 16.5787°N 82.0061°E. It has an average elevation of 2 m (6 ft 7 in).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[7] Amalapuram has a population of 141,194, with 70,850 males and 70,344 females. Amalapuram has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; 80.68% of males and 73.54% of females are literate. 77,036 people reside in rural parts of Amalapuram while 64,158 people reside in the Amalapuram urban area.

Governance[edit]

Politics[edit]

Government Office in Amalapuram

GMC Balayogi(To the left),Former Speaker of Parliament

Amalapuram is one of the 25 Lok Sabha constituencies in Andhra Pradesh. The other two Lok Sabha constituencies in the East Godavari district are Rajamundry and Kakinada.

Transport[edit]

A Ferry in Godavari river

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Amalapuram bus station.[8]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[9][10] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, and Telugu.

Notable persons[edit]

Sri Bhamidipati Krishna Mohan (Former MP Rajya Sabha, Chairman South Central Railway Recruitment Board, Member of UPSC)

 

Mandapeta, also called as Mandavyapuram is a town and an A-grade municipality in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a market place and a place of recreation for many surrounding villages and it is famous for its rice mills.[5]

Climate[edit]

Mandapeta mandal receives a cumulative average annual rainfall of 1037.2mm.[6]

Geology[edit]

Mandapeta is located in the East Godavari Sub basin of the larger Krishna Godavari Basin.

Both Oil and Natural Gas reserves have been found in the Mandapeta formation.[7] ONGC plans to drill wells in the onland blocks in Mandapeta to assess the potential of shale.[8]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 census, the urban agglomeration is home to about 56,063 people. Among them, about 49% are male and about 51% are female, Population density of the town is 2477 persons per km2. 88% of the whole population are from General category, 11% are from Scheduled castes and 1% are Scheduled tribes. Child population (aged under 6 years) of Mandapeta municipality is 9% of the total population in which 52% are boys and 48% are girls. There are about 15,000 households in the town.[9]

Education[edit]

The Primary and Secondary School Education is imparted by Government, Aided and Private schools, There are many reputed schools and colleges in and around the town under the School Education Department of the state.[10][11] The mediums of instruction followed are English & Telugu.

There is a non-residential Government Junior College for both boys & girls. It was established in 1969. The medium of instruction is Telugu.[12] There are many Private Junior Colleges too.

Transport[edit]

Mandapeta is well connected with roads. The road that runs towards Alamuru connects the town at Jonnada with National Highway 16 that runs from Kolkata to Chennai. Most of the buses that depart from Kakinada towards VijayawadaHyderabadBengaluru and other locations in South Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema pass through Mandapeta. SH 102 connecting Dwarapudi and Yanam passes through Mandapeta connecting it to TapeswaramDraksharama and through Dwarapudi to Rajahmundry via SH 40. The roads connecting Mandapeta to Dulla, Kapileswarapuram and Jonnada were also among the existing state highways of Andhra Pradesh.[13]

The nearest railway station to Mandapeta is at Dwarapudi which is 8 km away. Nearest major railway sation is Rajahmundry railway station which is 26 km away.

Mandapeta has no operational water transport system nearby. However, Small boats do use the canals and pass through the Tapeswaram Locks nearby occasionally.

At a distance of about 40 km, the nearest airport is the Rajahmundry Airport with daily flights to Hyderabad, Chennai and Bengaluru. The nearest international airport is the Vijayawada International Airport which is 160 km away.

 

Peddapuram is a town in the East Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh in South India.[3] The town also forms a part of Godavari Urban Development Authority.[4]

Geography[edit]

Peddapuram is located at 17.08°N 82.13°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 35 metres (114 feet). Its located next to Kakinada

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 49,477. The total population constitute, 24,334 males, 25,143 females and 4,912 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 76.14% with 33,930 literates, higher than the national average of 73.00%.[6]

History[edit]

By the time of 1785 the Peddapuram Estate extended from Totapalli to Nagaram encompassing villages and towns. During the British rule, Sri Raya Jagapati was chosen to take over the estate in 1802. After Sri Raya Jagapati’s death, the three wives, Lakshmi NarasayyammaBucchi Seetayyamma and Bucchi Bangaramma, ruled the estate in succession. Raya Jagapati's widow Bucchi Seetayyamma, ruled from 1828-1835. She founded two trusts for the poor, one in Peddapuram and another in Kattipudi in East Godavari. You can find some ancient caves with the supposed footprints of Bhima (Pandavas). For more details on the history of Pandavula Metta visit the link=>[7] test

Civic administration[edit]

Portico of an old house in Peddapuram town

Peddapuram municipality was established in 1915 and became the second oldest municipality after Bheemunipatnam in Andhra Pradesh. Initially the British appointed Sri V. K. Anantakrishna Ayyar followed by Sri Abhinava Patnayak and Sri Pingali Krishnarao. Sri Goli Pedda Kondayya was the first one direct elected as Chairman of the municipality.

Education[edit]

The first school was established here in Peddapuram[8] in 1891[9] by the Andhra Evangelical Lutheran Church Society[9] which also had boarding facilities. Among the eminent personalities who studied in this school include Archbishop Marampudi Joji and M. Victor Paul.

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[10][11] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

An Agricultural Research Station which does Research on Ragi and Tapioca and is affiliated to Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University. Sri Veerraju High School is one of the oldest school which is imparting elementary and high school education to many students without any profit motive. S.R.V.B.S.J.B. M.R. College has completed 50 years; it celebrated its Golden Jubilee on 4 February 2018 by its old students association, considered a very prestigious college, was established in 1967 by Sri S.B.P.B.K.Satyanarayana Rao, then Zilla Parishad chairman as the founder president in memory of Maharani of Peddapuram Samsthanam Peddapuram Kings Srimati Raja Vatsavayi Bucchi Sitayamma Jagapati Bahadur.

In order to provide good quality modern education to the talented children predominantly from the rural areas, without regard to their family socio-economic conditions, the Government of India established Navodaya Vidyalayas, on an average, one in each district of the country during the 7th Five Year Plan period and Peddapuram was selected to establish Navodaya Vidyalaya. Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya.

Notable people[edit]

 

Pithapuram or Peetika Puram is a town and a municipality in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The town also forms a part of Godavari Urban Development Authority. The temple town is one of fifty five Sakti Peetikas.[4]

Shripada Shri Vallabha, believed to be an incarnation of Lord Dattatreya by his devotees, lived in Pithapuram.[5] He is considered one of the first complete avatars (incarnations) of the deity Dattatreya in Kali Yuga.[6]

History[edit]

Pithapuram was originally called Pishtapura. The earliest extant inscription to mention the city is the 4th century king Samudragupta's Allahabad Pillar inscription, which states that he defeated the king Mahendra of Pishtapura.[7] The inscriptions of the 4th and 5th century Vasishtha and Mathara dynasties also mention Pishtapura, describing it as a part of Kalinga.[8][7] In the 7th century, the Chalukya king Pulakeshin II annexed Pishtapura to his kingdom.[7]

The town hosts temple of Puruhitika devi. It is one among 108 shakti peethas.

Geography[edit]

Pithapuram is located at 17.1167°N 82.2667°E.[9] It has an average elevataion of 10 meters (33 feet). It is located near several beaches though not one in particular. It is in between 2 major cities; Kakinada and Raja mahendra varam. Pithapuram is landlocked and most of the economic activity takes place in Kakinada. Pithapuram is also well known for the CBM Christian Medical Centre which was started by Missionary Doctor Dr. E. Smith.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 52,360. The total population constitute, 25,891 males, 26,469 females and 5,116 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 75.00% with 35,434 literates, higher than the national average of 73.00%.[3][10]

Transport[edit]

Pithapuram railway station is classified as a D–category stations in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[11]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[12][13] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

 

Ramachandrapuram is a town in East Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The town is a Municipality which serves as the headquarters of Ramachandrapuram mandal and Ramachandrapuram revenue division.[3]

Geography[edit]

Ramachandrapuram is located at 16.85°N 82.02°E.[4] It has an average elevation of 10 metres (32 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 43,657. The total population constitute, 21,544 males, 22,113 females and 3,994 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 82.25% with 32,623 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[5]

Transport[edit]

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Ramachandrapuram bus station.[6]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[7][8] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

 

Samalkota is a town in East Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The town also forms a part of Godavari Urban Development Authority.[2] Previously spelled as Samulcottah[3]

Geography[edit]

Samarlakota is located at 17.0500°N 82.1833°E.[4] It has an average elevation of 9 meters (32 feet).

Transport[edit]

WAM 4 series loco at Samarlakota Junction

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Samalkota bus station.[5] Samarlakota railway station is an important railway junction on the Visakhapatnam-Vijayawada section of Howrah-Chennai main line. The railway line to Kakinada branches at this railway junction.One more advantage is Bus Station and Railway Station are situated opposite to each other.The nearest airport, at 64 km (40 mi), is in Rajahmundry, and the nearest international airport, 161 km (100 mi), is Visakhapatnam (Vizag).

Demographics[edit]

Samalkot is a Municipal town in district of East Godavari, Andhra Pradesh. The Samalkota is divided into 18 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. The Samalkot Municipality has population of 56,864 of which 28,115 are males while 28,749 are females as per report released by Census India 2011.

Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 5793 which is 10.19% of total population of Samalkot (M). In Samalkot Municipality, Female Sex Ratio is of 1023 against state average of 993. Moreover Child Sex Ratio in Samalkot is around 948 compared to Andhra Pradesh state average of 939. Literacy rate of Samalkot is 74.58% higher than state average of 67.02%. In Samalkot, Male literacy is around 78.77% while female literacy rate is 70.51%.

Governance[edit]

Samalkot Municipality has total administration over 16,044 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorized to build roads within Municipality limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.

Temples/Churches/mosque=> Sri Chalukya Kumararaama Sri Bheemeswara swami vaari temple, prasanna aanjaneya swami temple, Ganapati Temple, Mehar complex, mutyalamma temple, Sai Baba Temple, station centre, are famous temples in Samalkot. Centenary Baptist Church, Augustana Lutheran church & Andhra Baptist Churches are famous churches in Samalkot.

Education[edit]

The first boarding school was established in 1882[6] by the Canadian Baptist Mission[7] known as the C. B. M. Boys' School[8]. Notable among those who were associated includes A. B. Masilamani[9] and also his Teacher Chetty Bhanumurthy.[9]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[10][11] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

 

Tuni is a town in East Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a major commercial marketing center for more than 40 surrounding villages in the district. Tuni is a border point for the district of East Godavari. It is known for mango export, with nearly 250 varieties. It is also famous for betel leaves and jute bags. A variety of cashew nuts are produced in Tuni.

History[edit]

Tuni may be a historical site dated back to 1st century CE in connection with Buddhism, which flourished in the nearby hillocks and villages such as Gopalapatnam, Satyavaram and KummariLova near the city of Tuni on the banks of Thandava River. The Buddhist monks would have resided in Kummarilova village (Kummararam) from the 2nd century CE to 6th century CE and propagated Buddhism. The Buddhist 'aramas' and 'stupas' found in the village are testimony for their presence, they said. This village is being called 'Panchasheela Buddhist centre' as five Buddhist 'stupas' were found here in recent times. Archaeology authorities have found a Buddhist site at Kummarilova of Tuni during a general survey carried out recently[when?] in the area.

Under the Kshatriyas of Vatsavai Dynasty, it was a Pargana (a sub-division in 15th century) in Keemarseema. After the division it became the capital of Kottam Estate. Tuni has been a famous marketplace since 19th century CE.

Tuni Railway station has an important prominence on the Howrah-Madras railway line during the time of British India and after Independence.

Raja kalasala in Tuni is one of the oldest school in Tuni, with a history of more than 100 years. One of the prominent guerrilla war fighter at the time of Bharat independence, Alluri Sitarama Raju, studied there. A statue of him was built at a junction.

Demographics[edit]

As per the 2011 census, Tuni Municipality had population of 53,425 of which 25,922 were males while 27,503 were females. Literacy rate of Tuni city is 77.40% higher than state average of 67.02% with a male literacy rate of 82.79% while the female literacy rate is 72.38%.[3]

Geography[edit]

Tuni is at 17.35°N 82.55°E. It has an average elevation of 16 metres (46 ft)

Economy[edit]

A famous, and one of the oldest, sugar factories of Andhra Pradesh "Tandava Sugars" is here. A large number of handloom industries, about 20 cashew nut industries, hetero industries, and 10 other chemical industries are in and around Tuni.

Assembly constituency[edit]

Main article=> Tuni (Assembly constituency)

Tuni is an assembly constituency (consisting of mandals=> Kotananduru, Tuni and Thondangi) in Andhra Pradesh. There were 163,024 registered voters in Tuni constituency in the 1999 elections.

Transport[edit]

Tuni railway station

National Highway 16, a part of Golden Quadrilateral highway network, bypasses the town.[4] The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Tuni bus station.[5] Tuni lies on the major line of VijayawadaVisakhapatnam line, being a part of ChennaiHowrah line.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[6][7] Instruction is in English or Telugu.

Notable people[edit]

NAGAR PANCHAYATH

Yeleswaram or Elesvaram is a Town and a Mandal in the East Godavari district in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India.[2]

A freedom fighter and Indian National Congress Leader Chandaka Apparao belongs to this place.

Yeleru river at Yeleswaram project site

Geography[edit]

Yelesvaram is located at 17.2833°N 82.1000°E.[3] It has an average elevation of 60 meters (200 feet)

NAGAR PANCHAYATH

Mummidi-varam is a town in East Godavari district of Andhra PradeshIndia. The Mummidivaram revenue block was formed out of the Amalapuram tehsil in July 1969. It is the second largest town in Konaseema.

 

Geography[edit]

Mummidivaram is located at 16.6500°N 82.1167°E.[2] It has an average elevation of 0 meters (0 feet).

Governance[edit]

The town was upgraded from Gram panchayat to Nagar panchayat on 23 June 2011.[3]

Politics[edit]

Mummidivaram is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. There are 1,89,229 registered voters as on 10.01.2012 in Mummidivaram constituency (2nd largest in East Godavari district).

List of Elected Members=>[4]

  • 1978 - Moka Sri Vishnu Prasada Rao
  • 1983 - Valtati Raja sakkubai
  • 1985 - Pandu Krishna Murti
  • 1989 and 1994 - Battina Subba Rao
  • 1999 - GMC Balayogi and Chelli Vivekananda
  • 2004 - Pinipe Viswarupu
  • 2009 - Ponnada Satish
  • 2014 - Datla Subba Raju(Bucchi Babu)

Late GMC Balayogi also served as Member of Parliament for Amalapuram and was a Loksabha speaker. During his tenure the Konaseema area saw major developments and he played a key role in the construction of various bridges across the Godavari river. The people of Konaseema revere him as their hero and his statues were worshiped across the Konaseema area.

References

NAGAR PANCHAYATH

Gollaprolu is a town in East Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a Municipality in Gollaprolu mandal of Kakinada revenue division.[2] The town also forms a part of Godavari Urban Development Authority.[3]

Geography[edit]

The region is cyclone-prone with agricultural dependant.[4] The villagers are known for growing one of the most sought after varieties of hot pepper and is famous for the production of onions, ground nuts, cotton and rice.[5]

Governance[edit]

The town was upgraded from Gram panchayat to Municipality on 23 June 2011. Commissioner B. Nageswararao

Education[edit]

Sri Seth Peraji Lumbaji Zilla Parishat High School

Bhimavaram is a city in West Godavari district of the Andhra Pradesh state of India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bhimavaram mandal in Narasapuram revenue division.[4][5] It is a part of Eluru Urban Development Authority. As of 2011 census, it is the second most populous city in the district with a population of 142,184. It is one of the major pilgrimage centers in the state, which is home to Somaramam, one of the five great Pancharama Kshetras.[6]

History[edit]

Along with much of present-day coastal Andhra Pradesh, Bhimavaram was controlled by the Chola dynasty. Under Kulothunga Chola I, Bhimavaram was ruled by his sons who served as viceroys. Stone inscriptions have been found in the town dating from his reign (c. 1096 C.E.).[7]

Etymology[edit]

The name Bhimavaram literally means "the gift of Bhima". According to a legend, in around 890–918 AD, an Eastern Chalukya king named Chalukya Bheema built a Siva temple and laid the foundation to this town.[8] It was originally called "Bhimapuram", but the name gradually changed to "Bhimavaram"; "puram" refers to a dwelling place while "varam" means an endowment in Telugu.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census of India, the town had a population of 142,184. The total population constitutes 70,066 males and 72,214 females—a sex ratio of 1031 females per 1000 males. 12,157 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 6,149 are boys and 6,008 are girls—a ratio of 977 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate stands at 83.41% with 1,08,535 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 73.00%.[2][9] Its urban agglomeration population was 146,961.[5]

Economy[edit]

A patch of paddy fields near Bhimavaram

Bhimavaram is in the epicentre of the Godavari delta region. It is one of the principal trade centres of paddy in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Agriculture-based businesses like food processing, aqua culture, rice mills etc., are the chief sources of the town's revenue. It serves as a distribution centre as well as commercial centre to its hinterland. The town is the regional centre for higher education and is known for its specialized health services.[7]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

Its urban agglomeration covers Bhimavaram municipality, partly out growths of Rayalam (rural) and Chinamiram. It has an area of 26.14 km2 (10.09 sq mi).[5]

Trace of Bhimavaram Municipality Evolution=>[10]

  1. April 1948=> Bhimavaram Municipality was established as a third grade municipality.
  2. August 1963=> Upgraded to a second grade municipality in August 1963.
  3. August 1967=> Upgraded to a first grade municipality in August 1967.
  4. September 1980=> Upgraded to a Special Grade Municipality in September 1980.
  5. September 2011=> It was upgraded to 'Selection Grade municipality' in 2011.
  6. 1 January 2019=> Eluru Urban Development Authority created. Bhimavaram became a part of EUDA along with places in West Godavari District.

Politics[edit]

Bhimavaram assembly constituency is a legislative assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh.

Transport[edit]

The town has a total road length of 201.60 km (125.27 mi).[11] It is well connected with other places in the country by national highwaysNH 216 passes through the town.

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Bhimavaram bus station.[12] Bhimavaram town railway station is classified as 'A–category' in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[13][14] The Gudivada–Bhimavaram section connects it with Visakhapatnam–Vijayawada section of Howrah-Chennai main line.

There are as many as 2,69,137 vehicle owners are licensed according to transport officials in the city. Out of this, about 13,064 are autos, 1236 school buses, 9908 lorries, 11,129 cars, 2,04,728 motorbikes, 2,833 three-wheelers, 15 car travels, and 5 bus travel vehicles.[15]

Culture[edit]

Bhimavaram is famous for the Gunupudi Someswara (Somarama) temple, which is one of the five holy Pancharamas. Built during the 3rd century A.D., the Shiva lingam is known for changing its color according to the lunar month=> black during amavasya and white during pournami.

There are many notable people from the cinema industry such as, Trivikram SrinivasSivaji RajaPenmatsa SubbarajuSunilPrabhas and Raja Ravindra.

Other notable personalities include Krishnam Raju GadirajuK. V. K. RajuYellapragada Subbarao in science, mystic Swami Jnanananda, Industrialists B. V. RajuByrraju Ramalinga Raju and freedom fighter Alluri Sitarama Raju.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided, and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[16][17] The medium of instruction followed by schools are English and Telugu.

There are numerous higher educational institutions in and around Bhimavaram.[18] Some of the renowned institutions are S.R.K.R Engineering College,[19] D.N.R Educational Institutions,[20] K.G.R.L Group of Educational Institutions,[21] Sri Vishnu Educational Society,[22]Bhimavaram Institute of Engineering & Technology,[23] Grandhi Varalakshmi Venkatarao Institute of Technology (GVIT),[24] Dr.C.S.N. degree and P.G college.

Kovvur mandal is one of the 46 mandals in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Its headquarters are located in the town of Kovvur.[2] The mandal is bounded by NidadavoleChagalluDevarapalle, Tallapaudi mandals and on the east by the Godavari River.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the mandal had a population of 108,445. The total population constitute, 53,392 males and 55,053 females —a sex ratio of 1031 females per 1000 males. 10,633 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 5,312 are boys and 5,321 are girls. The effective literacy rate stands at 76.33% with 74,659 literates.[1]

Governance[edit]

Kovvur mandal is one of the 3 mandals under Kovvur (SC) (Assembly constituency), which in turn represents Rajahmundry (Lok Sabha constituency) of Andhra Pradesh.[4]

Narasapur or Narasapuram may refer to places in India=>

Nidadavolu is a town in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the mandal headquarters of Nidadavolu mandal in Kovvur revenue division.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The town was known as Niravadyaprolu or Niravadyapuram.

Nidadavolu was a fort surrounded by water bodies (Jaladurgam) of Eastern Chalukyan kings. Chalukya Bhima, the builder of Draksharama Bhimeswara temple won this land from Rastrakutas, the then ruling dynasty. A prince of Nidadavolu, Veerabhadra Chalukya, married Rani Rudrama Devi, a prominent ruler and the warrior queen of the Kakatiya dynasty. He fought several wars along with his wife and is hailed as a brave prince. It had 108 Siva temples, many of them were totally destroyed by Muhammad bin Tughluq in 1323. Even today, one can find the remains of the destroyed sculptures. A Nandi statue belonging to the 13th century placed in Sri Golingeswara temple was discovered recently.

Geography[edit]

Nidadavolu is a mandalassembly constituency and a main railway junction in West Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh, India. Borders consist of East Godavari to the east, Devarapalli Mandal to the west, Tadepalligudemmandal and Peravali mandal to the south and Chagallu Mandal to the north.

Climate[edit]

Nidadavolu city falls in the hot humid region of the country. The climate of the city is hot in the summers and it is pleasant during the winter. The hottest day falls in the month of May with shift to June during some years.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the major occupation with many paddy and sugarcane fields. Many crops and vegetables grow in these region and water resource for irrigation is abundant from the major canals of Godavari.

Culture[edit]

Kotasattemma Temple is one of the Hindu religious temple in the town.

Transport[edit]

The town has a total road length of 98.21 km (61.02 mi). Srikakulam-chennai highway passes through the town.[2] Nidadavolu Junction is the railway junction for the town. It is the junction of Bhimavaram–Nidadavolu section and Vijayawada–Nidadavolu sections of Howrah–Chennai main line. The station is administered under Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[3] The nearest operational airport is at Madhurapudi,Rajamundry located at a distance of 45 kilometres.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[4][5] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

A lot of private schools/colleges are being established in and around the town.

 

Palakollu is the administrative headquarters of Palakollu Mandal in Narasapuram revenue division in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Palakollu is situated in Coastal Andhra region of the state.[4] Occupying 19.49 square kilometres (7.53 sq mi) [5] As of 2011 census, it has a population of about 61.2 kilo and a Metro population of about 81.1 kilo, making it the fourth most populous city in West Godavari Districtin Andhra pradesh.[6] Palakollu City was selected for the year 2015-16 Housing for All Under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana for house less poor in the urban areas. At an average altitude of 1.5 metres (4.9 ft), Palakollu city is situated on National Highway 165 (India) and National Highway 216 (India) It is bounded by Krishna district on the west, East Godavari district on the east, Bay of Bengal on the south and the state of Telangana on the north.[7] which is home to Ksheerarama, one of the five great Pancharama Kshetras.

History[edit]

Palakol or Palakollu was originally known as Kshiraramam or Kshirapuram or Palakolanu or Upamanyapuram. [8]

In 1613, the Dutch built their first Indian factory at Palakollu, which was temporarily abandoned in 1730. Part of Dutch Coromandel, it was a trading post for textiles, lamp oil, wood, roof tiles, and bricks.

Under the 1783 Treaty of Paris, the town was ceded to the British, but the Dutch continued to rent it from them until 1804. In 1818 it was formerly restored to the Dutch only to be ceded again to the British in 1824.[9]

Palakollu is also known as Trilinga Desam, the region bounded by three lingas (Srisailam, Draksharamam and Kaleswaram)

The most famous Ksheerarama is one, of the five, Pancharama Kshetras and is located in Palakollu, state of Andhra Pradesh, India. Lord Shiva is known locally as Ksheera Ramalingeswara Swamy. The Sivalinga was established by Lord Vishnu.

The famous Sri Lakshmi Ganapathi Navagraha Subrahmanya Aalayam, temple located at Brodipeta 2nd Lane in Palakollu. The presiding deity is Lord Ganapathi in the divine form of Lakshmi Ganapathi, along with the Navagrahalu & Subrahmanya Swamy deities. [10]

Geography[edit]

Palakollu Is Located At 16.5167°N 81.7300°E.[11] Situated in the southern part of Andhra Pradesh in southeastern India.The City occupies an area of 19.49 square kilometres (7.53 sq mi) under the administration of Palakollu Municipality (PMC). There are One major Dhavaleswaram - Narsapuram Canal that supply water to the city=> New Water Lake And old water lake A part from the Godavari River. Small canal's is used only for agricultural and industrial purposes. Palakollu Town is a flat country with a slight eastern slope along the Canal's of the City flow. The Canal's in the palakulu city generally flow from West to East. with an average elevation of 1.5 metres (4.9 ft). The City is bounded by Penugonda Village on the north, Narasapuram on the south. The Godavari River separates East Godavari district on east and Bhimavaram on the west. There is paddy and sugarcane cultivation in the area.

Climate[edit]

Palakollu has a tropical climate. When compared with winter, the summers have much more rainfall. The climate here is classified as Aw by the Köppen-Geiger system. In Palakollu, the average annual temperature is 27.9 °C. In a year, the average rainfall is 1208 mm.The driest month is January, with 1 mm of rainfall. In October, the precipitation reaches its peak, with an average of 286 mm.The warmest month of the year is May, with an average temperature of 32.4 °C. At 23.4 °C on average, January is the coldest month of the year. The difference in precipitation between the driest month and the wettest month is 285 mm. The variation in annual temperature is around 9.0 °C. The weather is hot and humid, with a tropical climate and, thereby, no distinct seasons. The coolest months are December and January There is heavy monsoon rain at the end of summer, with depressions in the Bay of Bengal.

Culture[edit]

The town is known in the state for its cultural history whose residents are more often referred as 'Palakollu' There are many religions, languages, traditions and festivals. Shiva Puja and a special Maha Shivaratri Karthika Masam in Karthikai Deepam are important events of Hindu festival of Makar Sankranti in the town, mainly due to the existence of self manifested Ksheerarama Temple. Palakollu town Mosque is a Muslim shrine housing the holy relic of the Prophet Mohammed. The ST. John Luther Church, Sambhunipeta Luthern church, Church Of Christ, St. Andrews Lutheran Church, is an important shrine for Christians and illuminates during Christmas eve.The clothing of the locals include traditional men wearing dhoti and women wearing saree and salwar kameezWestern clothing is also predominant. And Also Some Important Famous food Of andhra pradesh.

Sri Ksheera Rama Lingeswara Swamy Temple View

Film Industry People[edit]

Main page=> Category=>People from Palakollu

The town notable for many artists like ChiranjeeviAllu RamalingiahAllu AravindKodi RamakrishnaDasari Narayana RaoChalamMandolin SrinivasRaviRaja PinisettyChintapalli RamanaNookala Chinna SatyanarayanaGhazal Srinivas (recipient of Guinness World Record for most languages sung), Beri Thimappa (Founder of Madras), Veera Pothana (Nandi awardee, cine & drama writer), R. NaniKrishna (Film Director and Producer), Chanti Addala (art director & producer), Relangi Narasimha Rao (director), Bunny vasu (producer), Maruthi (Director), Ananth Sriram (Liricyst).

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Allu Rama Lingaiah (1 October 1922 – 31 July 2004), commonly known as Allu, was an Indian Telugu language comedic actor from Palakollu, who appeared in over one thousand Tollywood films.

Anantha Sriram Chegondi (born 8 April 1984) is an Indian lyricist, mainly writing lyrics for songs in Telugu language films. He is a nephew of the politician and cine producer Chegondi Venkata Harirama Jogaiah and hails from Palakollu area of West Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh. He studied in Bapatla Engineering College. He discontinued studies when he was in 3rd year of graduation. Anantha Sriram is one of the most sought after lyricists in the Telugu Film Industry. Sriram is married to Swathy in Palakollu on November 17, 2010.

Dasari Narayana Rao (born 4 May 1936, Palakol, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India) is an Indian film actor, director and producer from Telugu cinema and a Politician.Dasari Narayana Rao has directed about 140 films, produced 3 films and worked in more than 2 films as a dialogue writer and as a lyricist. Besides graduating with a BA degree, he used to take part in scores of drama competitions. He was soon recognized as a potential stage artiste, screenwriter and director. During his career he has also acted in Telugu, Tamil, and Kannada languages. His films were mostly based on Anti Dowry issue and women centric issues and always carried a messgae. He has directed Blockbusters like Bobbili Puli and Sardar Paparayudu with NTR. His other memorable blockbusters include Meghasandesam, Mamagaru, Chillara Kottu Chittemma and Premabhishekam. He has introduced actors and directors like Mohan Babu, R. Narayana Murthy, Raviraja Pinisetty and Mutyala Subbaiah

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

Main article=> Palakollu Municipality

Palakollu Municipality was established in the year 1928. It was A grade Municipality.There are 32 election wards represented by a councilor. Palakollu City urban agglomeration is spread over an area of 19.49 km2 (7.53 sq mi). Its constituents include the municipality of Palakollu, the out growths of Poolapalli, Ullamparru, Palakollu (Rural)

Palakollu (Assembly constituency) is a legislative assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. Sri Chodisetty Surya Rao was longest serving municipal chairman from 1956 to 1986 and many colleges ASNM, Dasari Womens degree college, Coco Junior govt college, 34 acres of drinking water tank developed with 20 year vision, govt hospital, lorry stand, etc are all developed under his regime. As a gratitude people of Palakol erected a bronze statue in center of City.[13]

Politics[edit]

Main article=> Palakollu (Assembly constituency)

Palakollu Assembly constituency is one of the constituencies for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Nimmala Rama Naidu is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[14] The constituency falls under Narasapuram (Lok Sabha constituency)which was won by Gokaraju Ganga Raju of Bharatiya Janata Party.[15][16] And Also Another Major Parts In Palakollu City Janasena Party And Ysr Congress Part.

Demographics[edit]

hidePalakollu population 
Census Pop.  
1901 10,848  

1911 12,953   19.4%
1921 14,535   12.2%
1931 16,906   16.3%
1941 19,869   17.5%
1951 23,037   15.9%
1961 28,481   23.6%
1971 36,196   27.1%
1981 46,146   27.5%
1991 56,969   23.5%
2001 76,308   33.9%
2011 81,199   6.4%
Sources=>[17] [18]

At palakollu, West Godavari District, Andhra pradesh, India. Godavari breezes During Evening!

As of 2011 census of India, the City had a population of 81,199. The total population constitutes 40,103 males and 41,096 females—a sex ratio of 1024 females per 1000 males. 7,318 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 3,743 are boys and 3,575 are girls—a ratio of 955 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate stands at 76.95% significantly higher than the state average of 73.00%.[19] [20][21][22]

Language and religion[edit]

Referred to as "Palakolian", the residents of Palakollu are predominantly Telugu with minority Gujarati (including Memon). Telugu is official Language. Hindus are in the majority. Muslims And Christians form a very Less minority Of The People In Palakollu. According to the 2011 census, the religious make-up of Palakollu City was=> Hindus (95.64%), Muslims (2.11%), Christians (1.97%), Jains (40 People), Sikhs (10 People) and Buddhists (3 People); 143 People did not state any religion.[23]

Religion in Palakollu (2011)
         
Hinduism

95.64%
Islam

2.11%
Christianity

1.97%
Others

0.34%

[24]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture-based businesses like food processing, rice mills etc., are the chief sources of the town's revenue. It serves as a distribution centre as well as commercial centre to its hinterland. The town is the regional centre for higher education and is known for its specialized health services Palakollu Coconet Market It's Big Coconut Market In West Godavari District Palakollu Coconut Export To Over All India.[25]

Transport[edit]

Main page=> Category=>Transport in Palakollu

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The city was once famed for its traffic problems with the railway gates at Bhimavaram Road (P.P Road) area. When the National Highway passed through the city, the traffic hurried to pass over the railway gate in the city and outskirts, which makes traffic worse.

To avoid the traffic congestion, the government of India constructed a mini bypass road connecting Narsapur Road and Poolapalli on both ends of the city. Even then, the traffic problem were not resolved. The main bypass road (which was constructed under R&B which was completed in the late 2014s) had only 10,000 vehicles pass through the bypass road; now it has almost doubled.

Traffic in the city of narrow lanes was growing by the day. Even though officials planning to construct an underbridge at Bhimavaram Road (P.P Road) railway overbridge it is already approved from South Central railway at Palakollu City But still Pending in the project. and in the city all National Roads and R&B Roads still single lines only thay try to Since 1950 extend Roads making the one way but This is also Still Pending. 2018 year the traffic has doubled, without giving any relief to citizens. There are 25 traffic centres identified in the city.

Roadways[edit]

Main article=> Sri Potti Sriramulu bus station

Palakollu bus station phase 1 platforms

Sri Potti Sriramulu bus station Located in palakollu City APSRTC operates buses from Palakollu to major cities like HyderabadVizagVijayawadaTirupati etc. Ten express trains service the City, which is on the Narsapur – Vijayawada railway route.[26] A bridge was built on Vasista Godavari near Chinchinada 8 km away from Palakollu connecting East Godavari & West Godavari Districts of Andhra Pradesh, which makes it a part of National Highway 214. Palakollu railway station is classified as a B–category station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[27] The town has a total road length of 78.80 km (48.96 mi).[28]

Railways[edit]

Main article=> Palakollu railway station

Palakollu railway station Entrance

Palakollu railway station is classified as an B category station With Three Platforms In Vijayawada railway division.[29] Palakollu Railway Station One Of The Main Station It is located on the Bhimavaram–Narasapuram branch line of South Central Railway zone.[30]

Waterways[edit]

National Waterway 4 was declared on 24 November 2008, which connects the Indian states of TelanganaAndhra PradeshTamil Nadu, and the union territory of Puducherry. It passes through KakinadaEluru, Commanur, Buckingham Canal and also part of Krishna and Godavari rivers rivers.[31] It is being developed by Inland Waterways Authority of India, and is scheduled for completion in 2013.[32]

Airways[edit]

Palakollu City Nearest Airport Rajahmundry Airport It Is Around 84Km Distance Of The City.[33] Jet AirwaysSpicejetIndiGo and TruJet are major airliners. The airport has direct services to Hyderabad, Chennai and Bangalore. A new terminal building was inaugurated on 16 May 2012. Runway is being expanded from the 1,749 m to 3,000 m to facilitate the landing and takeoff of bigger aircraft.[34] The state government is very keen in developing the airport as a national airport and alternative for Visakhapatnam airport during bad climatic conditions.[35]

Education[edit]

Palakollu plays a major role in education for urban and rural students from nearby villages.[36] It has an average literacy rate of 83.90% with, according to the 2011 census, a total number of 63,097 who are literate. This includes, 32,397 men (88.13%) and 30,700 women(79.82%). Primary and secondary school education is provided by government, aided, and private schools, under the School Education Department of Andhra Pradesh.[37] According to the school information report for the academic year 2016–17, the urban area has around 160 schools. These include government, residential, private, municipal, and other types of schools. There are more than 100 private schools and 49 municipal schools.[38] There are more than 30,000 students in these schools.[39]

Instruction is in EnglishUrdu, and Telugu.

There are numerous higher educational institutions in and around Palakollu City.[40] Some of the renowned institutions are Jogaiah Institute of Technology and Sciences,[41] D.N.R Educational Institutions,[42] Jogaiah Institute of agricultural engineering, A.S.N.M degree and P.G college, B.R.R & G.K.R Chambers Degree & PG College, Jogaiah institute of Technology and Sciences, College of Pharmacy.[43]

Tadepalligudem (TPG) is a city in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the mandal headquarters of Tadepalligudem mandal in Eluru revenue division.[3]

Geography[edit]

Tadepalligudem is located at 16.8333°N 81.5000°E.[4] It has an average elevation of 34 metres (114 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 103,906. The total population constitute, 51,378 males and 52,528 females — a sex ratio of 1022 females per 1000 males - higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[5] 9,048 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 4,662 are boys and 4,386 are girls—a ratio of 941 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 83.10% (male 86.60%; female 79.71%) with 78,557 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[3][6]

The urban agglomeration had a population of 104,032 of which males constitute 51,438 and females constitute 52,594 — a sex ratio of 1024 females per 1000 males - and 9,061 children are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 78,656 literates with an average literacy rate of 83.11%.[3]

Governance[edit]

Tadepalligudem Municipality was formed in the year 1958. It is a Selection–Grade Municipality, which is spread over an area of 20.71 km2 (8.00 sq mi) and has 35 election wards.[1] The present municipal commissioner of the town is Bala Swami and the present chairman is Bolisetti Srinivas.[7]

Education[edit]

Central Institutes Map of Andhra Pradesh (click on the map to enlarge)

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[8][9] National Institute of Technology, Tadepalligudem is the 31st NIT in the country, for which the foundation stone was laid in the town on 20 August 2015.[10][11]. Dr. YSR Horticulture University and Adikavi nannayya university campus are other major universities in Tadepalligudem. Other important engineering colleges are Sri Vasavi Engineering college which helps students in building their career and gives highest placements and mainly SVEC concentrates on R&D, Sasi Engineering college, VISIT Engineering college, WISE Engineering college, ASR Engineering college etc.,

Transport[edit]

The town has a total road length of 207.30 km (128.81 mi).[12] Asian Highway 45 passes through the town, which is a part of the Golden Quadrilateral project. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporationoperates bus services from Tadepalligudem bus station.[13] Tadepalligudem railway station is located on Visakhapatnam–Vijayawada section of Howrah-Chennai main line. It is one of the thirteen A – category stations located in Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.Almost all the trains passing through Tadepalligudem have stoppages here.[14] Tadepalligudem has an airport which is currently not in use, built by the British to accommodate military aircraft during World War II.In 1942. The Government of Andhra Pradesh proposed an airport in Tadepalligudem along with five other cities.[15]

See also[edit]

Tanuku is a Town in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Tanuku mandal in Kovvur revenue division.[2][1]

History[edit]

In ancient period, Tanuku was called as Tarakapuri, the Capital of Asura King Tarakasura.[3]

Geography[edit]

Tanuku is a located at 16.75°N 81.7°E with tropical climate an annual rainfall of 313.4 millimetres (31.34 cm). The Gosthani River flows through the town.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census of India, the city had a population of 68,224. The total population was composed of 37,644 males and 38,537 females, with 7,134 children age six and below.[4][5] The merger of surrounding villages has increased the population to 76,181.[3]

Civic administration[edit]

Tanuku Municipality was constituted in the year 1979 as a second grade municipality. It was upgraded to first grade in the year 2002 and has 34 election wards.[6] Its jurisdiction is spread over an area of 24.56 km2(9.48 sq mi).[5] The present municipal chairman is Mr.Parimi Venkateswarao and the municipal commissioner is Mr M.SAMBASIVARAO'.[7]

Economy[edit]

Andhra Sugars Limited supplies liquid hydrogen, a byproduct of sugarcane to the ISRO, for using it as a rocket propellant in satellite launch vehicles.[8][9] The other byproducts are also used in liquor, paper and power industries.[10]

Culture[edit]

Adikavi Nannaya, the first poet of Telugu language, translated Mahabharata from Sanskrit to Telugu. He was a native of Tanuku.[3] Javvadi Yamini Narasambika in dance, AJS Ramareddy in literature and poetry and Dampuri Narayanarao in folk arts have won the Ugadi awards in their respective fields, announced by the District Cultural Council .[11] The Youth Cultural Celebrations is one such example of promoting cultural activities.[12] famous kuchipudi dancer Ambika took the award from the chief minister Chandrababu Naidu during pushkaras hails from this city.

Transport[edit]

The town has a total road length of this tanuku transport is to worste in buses 148.6 km (92.3 mi).[13] The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Tanuku bus station.[14] Tanuku railway station is classified as a B–category station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[15] it have transport facility to other states also.for example it has APSRTC service from siriguppa near bellari which is located in karnataka[16][better source needed]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[17][18] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Politics[edit]

Arimilli Radha Krishna nick name is (RADHA ANNAYYA) is the present MLA of the Tanuku (Assembly constituency).[7]

Sports[edit]

Chitturi Subba Rao – Gopichand Badminton Academy is the badminton academy under the Chitturi Subba Rao Trust for training the under 13 badminton players.[19][20] The academy hosted COSCO A.P. State Open Mini Badminton Championship 2016.[21] The Tanuku Football Club is one of the team in Football League of West Godavari tournament, promoting the football.[22] Sports personalities from the city include=> Rella Sanjeeva Rao is an under-14 Badminton player, top ranker for U-13 level, gold medalist at national level championship;[23]

 

NAGARA PANCHAYATH

Jangareddygudem (JRG) is a town in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[2]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 48,994. The total population constitute, 23,997 males and 24,997 females —a sex ratio of 1042 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[3] 5,082 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 2,605 are boys and 2,477 are girls—a ratio of 951 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 80.09% (male 83.61%; female 76.75%) with 35,169 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[2][4]

Geography[edit]

Jangareddygudem is an upland agency area. Its average elevation is 74 meters above sea level. It is not prone to any floods or damp soils.

Civic services[edit]

Tobacco Board[5]

The Tobacco Farmers bring their crop to the Tobacco Board for auction, in which Tobacco Board authorized companies participate to buy tobacco from farmers with the Board acting as middle man facilitating the auction by providing all facilities to farmers and traders from Crop development, Cultivation, Production, Loans etc and payment processing through banks.[6] Tobacco Board is an arm of Ministry of Commerce, Govt of India. The process of electronic auctioning of tobacco was first introduced in India (First across globe on FCV Tobacco) at the Jangareddygudem Tobacco Board.[7] A Government hospital, established way back in 1980s, has been recently renovated as a spacious with multi-specialty services.

Transport[edit]

The town has a total road length of 72.00 km (44.74 mi).[8] Jangareddygudem bus depot is owned and operated by APSRTC. It operates bus services to most of the surrounding destinations and other districts.[9] State Highway 42 connects the town with Palakollu and State Highway 44 with Eluru.[10]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. [11][12] Two government colleges=> Sri Damodara Sanjivayya junior (SDSJ)college and Chatrapati Shivaji Trisatha Jayanti (CSTJ) degree college were established way back in early 1970s.

 

Amadalavalasa is a town in Srikakulam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and also the mandal headquarters of Amadalavalasa mandal.[3] The town is spread over an area of 19.65 km2(7.59 sq mi), which is under the jurisdiction of Visakhapatnam Metropolitan Region Development Authority.[1][4] Srikakulam Road railway station is situated at Amadalavalasa.

Geography[edit]

Amadalavalasa is located at 18.4167°N 83.9000°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 29 metres (98 feet).

Danthapuri remnants

History[edit]

Amadalavalasa means 'the town of castor oil'. During the times of Ashoka, this place was called Herandapalli. Heranda in Sanskrit means castor oil. Ironically, there are no castor oil plants being grown or castor oil being produced in this place.

Iron Age habitation

Evidence of early historic man and his activities have been recently discovered on the hills of Sangamayya Konda,[6] in Amudalavalasa mandal.

Buddhism and Jainism

Prehistoric Rock shelters at Chittivalasa village near Amudalavalasa

Sangamayya Konda

Sangamayya Konda is 3 km from Amudalavalasa. It was a Buddhist site and is known for the Jain vestiges and Buddhist monasteries excavated recently. A freelance archaeologist[7] conducted recent explorations on the hills of Sangamayya Konda and found several pre-historic DolmenMenhirCaveCaverns and Cisterns.

Danthapuri (Danthavarapukota)

Danthapuri (Danthavarapukota) is one of the historical places near Amadalavalasa. This village is between Amudalavalasa and Hiramandalam. Ancient Buddha stupas are present in this place.

Government and politics[edit]

Amadalavalasa is 3rd municipality in Srikakulam district. There 23 wards as on 2005 elections. Population is 37,852. Notified slum areas are 31.[4]

The famous veteran parliamentarian Boddepalli Raja Gopal Rao and MLA Boddepalli Satyavathi is also from this constituency

The Current MLA Is Kuna Ravi Kumar.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[8] Amadalavalasa had a population of 37,852. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%.

Features[edit]

There is a large-scale sugar factory in Amadalavalasa, presently not working. Other industries like jute, oil etc. are located at that town. There is head post office at Amadalavalasa.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[9][10] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Ichchapuram is a town in Srikakulam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a Municipality and also the mandal headquarters of Ichapuram mandal.this town is located nearly 142 km from the district capital srikakulam.[4]

Geography[edit]

Ichchapuram is located at the border of Andhra Pradesh and Odisha at 19.12°N 84.7°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 7 metres (22 feet). The town is located on the banks of Bahuda river.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, the town had a population of 36,493. The total population constitute, 17,716 males, 18,777 females and 4,004 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 71.12% with 23,105 literates.[3] The spoken languages are both Telugu and Odia.

Assembly constituency[edit]

See also=> Ichchapuram (Assembly constituency)

Jagannath temple at Ichchapuram

Ichapuram is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. Bendalam Ashok is the present MLA.[6]

Transport[edit]

National Highway 16, a part of Golden Quadrilateral highway network, bypasses the town.[7]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[8][9]

See also

 

Palasa is a town in Srikakulam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the mandal headquarters of Palasa mandal.[3] It is located near to the National Highway 5 between Srikakulam and Berhampur. Along with its twin town kasibugga[4], it is often referred to as Palasa-Kasibugga.

Geography[edit]

Palasa is located at 18.46N 84.25E. It has an average elevation of 38 meters (127 feet).[5] The town has an area of 42.75 km2 (16.51 sq mi).[1]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census of India, Palasa had a population of 1lakh above with 25,000 households. The total population constitute, 45,500 males and 30,000 females —a sex ratio of 1044 females per 1000 males. 5,609 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 2,887 are boys and 2,722 are girls —a ratio of 943 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate stands at 75.68% with 39,276 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[2][6]

Economy[edit]

There are more than 350 cashew processing industries around Palasa, the highest amongst the northern coastal districts. These twin cities are the largest cashew producing towns of Andhra Pradesh and are among the largest processing centres in India. The cashew industry provides direct and indirect employment to about 15,000 people in the surrounding areas.[7][8]

Healthcare[edit]

The Community Health Centre, Andhra Pradesh Vaidya Vidhana Parishad is located here. It can hold 50 inpatients.[9]

Transport[edit]

Roadways[edit]

National Highway 16, a part of Golden Quadrilateral highway network, bypasses the town.[10] A flyover was constructed in 2016 for the convenience of people across railway track.[citation needed]

Railways[edit]

Palasa railway station is Located in Andhra Pradesh, Srikakulam, Palasa. It is classified as an A–category station in the Khurda Road Railway Division under East Coast Railway.[citation needed]its highest revenue in khurda road

Airport[edit]

The nearest airport is Visakhapatnam Airport which is approx. 200 km away.

Landmarks[edit]

Ratty, Akkupally, Metturu & Thoturu (Hanuman Saagar) beaches are nearly 14 km from Palasa railway station.

Government and politics[edit]

Main article=> Palasa-Kasibugga Municipality

Palasa is classified as a 3rd Grade Municipality.[citation needed]Palasa (Assembly constituency) in Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.in Palasa (Assembly constituency) Palasa, Mandasa and Vajrapu Kotturu mandals comes under this jurisdiction.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[11][12] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.Kasibugga is a town of Palasa in Srikakulam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the part in mandal of Palasa .[1]

Geography[edit]

Kasibugga is located at 18° 45' 33N 84° 24' 58E. It has an average elevation of 38 meters (127 feet).[2]

Politics[edit]

Kasibugga is comes under Palasa (Assembly constituency) and the urban local body is ruled by Palasa-Kasibugga Municipality.[3]

Transport[edit]

Kasibugga is well connected with National Highway 16 and nearest railway station is Palasa railway station.[4]

 

NAGARA PANCHAYATH 

Rajam is a town in Srikakulam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a nagar panchayat and the headquarters of Rajam mandal.[4]

Geography[edit]

Rajam is located at 18.28N 83.40E.[5] It has an average elevation of 42 meters (137 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census, Rajam had a population of 62,197.[3]

Government and politics[edit]

Rajam Nagar panchayat was constituted in the year 2005. It is spread over an area of 27.65 km2 (10.68 sq mi) and has 20 election wards.[1] Each represented by a ward member and the wards committee is headed by a chairperson.[6] The present municipal commissioner of the town is P.Simhachalam.[7]

Notable people[edit]

 

NAGARA PANCHAYATH 

Palakonda is a town in Srikakulam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a nagar panchayat and the mandal headquarters of Palakonda mandal in Palakonda revenue division[2][3]

Geography[edit]

Palakonda is located at 18.6000°N 83.7500°E.[4] It has an average elevation of 44 meters (147 feet).

Demography[edit]

According to the Imperial Gazetteer of India,[5] Palkonda Taluk was in Vizagapatnam district with a total area of 502 square miles (1,300 km2). The cultivated land is irrigated by the Nagavali River. The Agency area contains about 56 square miles (150 km2) of Reserved Forest. The population in 1901 was 215,376 compared with 201,331 in 1891. There were two towns Palkonda and Razam and 334 villages. The Agency area had population of about 11,000 people, chiefly Savaras living in 106 villages. The greater part of Taluk was held on Ryotwari and belongs to Rajas of Bobbili and Vizianagram.

It was within Ganjam District of Orissa state till 1950 when Srikakulam district was formed.

Government and politics[edit]

Palakonda Nagar panchayat is a civic body constituted in the year 2013. It constitutes total population of 31,425 with a growth rate of 8.91 % from 2001. It is spread over an area of 6.50 km2 (2.51 sq mi).[1][6] The present municipal commissioner of the town is B. Ramu.[7]

 

Narsipatnam is a town in Visakhapatnam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and also the mandal headquarters of Narsipatnam mandal. The town is spread over an area of 42 km2 (16 sq mi) The resting place of the revolutionary Indian freedom fighter Alluri Sitarama Raju is located in Krishna Devi Peta village of Narsipatnam.

Geography[edit]

Narsipatnam is located at 17.67°N 82.62°E.[3] It has an average elevation of 58 metres (190 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 33,757. The total population constitutes, 16,076 males and 17,681 females—a sex ratio of 1100 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[2][4] 3,262 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 1,684 are boys and 1,578 are girls—a ratio of 937 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 78.83% with 24,040 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[2][5]

Transport[edit]

Narsipatnam railway station is classified as a D–category stations in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone situated at Chinnagummuluru.[6]

APSRTC (Andhra Pradesh road transport) bus service is available to district headquarters Visakhapatnam and Neatest railway station TUNI

Legislative Assembly[edit]

Narsipatnam is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. There are 1,95,804 registered voters in Narsipatnam constituency in 2009 elections.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[7][8] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Yelamanchili is a town in Visakhapatnam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and also the mandal headquarters of Yelamanchili mandal. The town is spread over an area of 39 km2 (15 sq mi), which is under the jurisdiction of Visakhapatnam Metropolitan Region Development Authority.[3] This town has historical importance dating back to 7th Century AD.

History[edit]

Yelamanchilii was once called as ella - majili, which is the border village of Kalinga and Andhra empires. This place was used for the collection of taxes as it is on the border of these areas. Kalla Varahala Naidu (Vara Naidu) The King Of Yelamanchili.

Many Historical and archaeological evidences were found in the surroundings of Yelamanchili dating back the history of this town to the times of Early Buddhism in India, Jainism and Medieval Hinduism. The Kotturu Dhanadibbalu Buddhist and Dharapalem Hindu sites respectively are near this town. This particular area of Yelamanchili was once under the rule of Andhra-Sathavahanas. Some Pre-historic findings were excavated from the surroundings of Panchadharla, Dharapalem and Yelamanchili surrounding Hills of Eastern Ghats. Research work is under progress on these excavations,and recently found lord venkateswara swamy statue.

The village of Sarvasiddhi (10 km from Yelamanchili) was constructed by Eastern Chalukyas King Kubja Vishnuvardhan during 615 CE. Vishnuvardhana ruled over a kingdom extending from Nellore to Visakhapatnam. He assumed the title of Vishamasiddhi (conqueror of difficulties). Vishnuvardhana participated in the wars between his brother Putekesin II and the Pallava Narasimhavarma I and probably lost his life in battle in 641 CE. This area was under the Eastern Chalukyas. Yelamanchili was under the rule of Eastern Chalukyas as some edicts were found by the name of Vijayaditya VII (1063 – 1068 C.E., 1072 – 1075 C.E.) at Yelamanchili.

The famous Dharmalingeswara Temple at Panchadharla was believed to be constructed along with the famous

Demographics[edit]

As of Census 2011 the town has population of 27,295 of which 13,395 are males and 13,900 are females. Average Sex Ratio is of 1040 against state average of 993. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 2587 which is 9.49% of total population of Yelamanchili. Child Sex Ratio in the town is around 926 compared to Andhra Pradesh state average of 939. Literacy rate of Yelamanchili town is 77.14% higher than state average of 67.02%.[4]

Transport[edit]

National Highway 5 at Elamanchili

Yelamanchil is well connected by rail and road. Elamanchili railway station provide halt for many express trains. Buses are available from all parts of area in the state. Nearest airport is Visakhapatnam International Airport which is about 54 km from the town.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[5][6] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Bobbili is a town in Vizianagaram\u2005district of the Indian\u2005state of Andhra\u2005Pradesh.[3]

Geography

Bob­bili is lo­cated at .[4] It has an av­er­age el­e­va­tion of 103 me­tres (337 feet).

History

The town of Bob­bili was founded dur­ing the 17th cen­tury by Pedda Rayudu, the 15th de­scen­dant of the Rajah of Venkata­giri. The town was orig­i­nally named " ("The Big Tiger") after Sher Muham­mad Khan, the Nawab of Srikaku­lam who granted it as a gift to the rajah of Venkat­giri for his ser­vices in his south­ern cam­paigns. How­ever, with time, the town be­came known as "Peb­buli", then "Beb­buli" and fi­nally "Bob­bili".

A lion sculpture atop the celebrated Venugopala Swamy temple

A lion sculpture atop the celebrated Venugopala Swamy temple

Battle of Bobbili

Main article=> Battle\u2005of\u2005Bobbili

The\u2005bat­tle\u2005of\u2005Bob­bili in 1757, is one of the sig­nif­i­cant episodes in the his­tory of the state of Andhra\u2005PradeshViziana­garam kings won the war with the help of French Gen­eral Mar­quis\u2005de\u2005Bussy. This bat­tle gave the glam­our of eter­nal brav­ery to Bob­bili name.

Demographics

As of 2011 Cen­sus\u2005of\u2005India, the town had a pop­u­la­tion of 56,819. The total pop­u­la­tion con­sti­tute, 28,285 males, 28,534 fe­males and 5,693 chil­dren in the age group of 0–6 years. The av­er­age lit­er­acy rate stands at 76.66% with 39,193 lit­er­ates, higher than the na­tional av­er­age of 74%.[5]

Education

The pri­mary and sec­ondary school ed­u­ca­tion is im­parted by gov­ern­ment, aided and pri­vate schools, under the School Ed­u­ca­tion Department of the state.[6][7] The medium of in­struc­tion fol­lowed by dif­fer­ent schools are Eng­lish, Tel­ugu.

Bob­bili is known for its qual­ity ed­u­ca­tion. An age old col­lege in the form of Rajah R.S.R.K. Ranga Rao Col­lege (1962) and even older school in the form of Sam­sthanam High School (1864)

Governance

Main article=> Bobbili\u2005(Lok\u2005Sabha\u2005constituency)

Main article=> Bobbili\u2005(Assembly\u2005constituency)

Par­lia­men­tary and as­sem­bly constituencies

Bob­bili is a par­lia­men­tary con­stituency in In­dian Lok\u2005Sabha.[8] It had 9,70,612 vot­ers dur­ing the elec­tions, held dur­ing April–May 2004 for the 14th\u2005Lok\u2005Sabha. Since 2009 Bob­bili Par­lia­men­tary Con­stituency no longer ex­ists and is re­placed with Viziana­garam Par­lia­men­tary con­stituency. Bob­bili is an as­sem­bly con­stituency in Andhra Pradesh. There are 1,20,173 reg­is­tered vot­ers in this con­stituency in 1999 elec­tions.

Industries

Andhra\u2005Pradesh\u2005In­dus­trial\u2005In­fra­struc­ture\u2005Cor­po­ra­tion has set up In­dus­trial De­vel­op­ment area at Bob­bili in 2008. Nearly 200 units will be set up in an area of over 1,000 acres of land. The state gov­ern­ment has spent about Rs. 20 crore is on in­fra­struc­ture like roads, water sup­ply, power trans­mis­sion in­clud­ing a 33 kV sub-sta­tion. The major pro­jects in the pipeline in­clude B.K. Steels, Vizag Pro­files and Ferro Al­loys. The Growth Cen­tre has a po­ten­tial to em­ploy 10,000 peo­ple di­rectly and a few thou­sands in­di­rectly through the an­cil­lary in­dus­tries.

Transport

Salur-Bobbili Railbus

Salur-Bobbili Railbus

Bob­bili Rail­way\u2005junc­tion is in Visakha­p­at­nam di­vi­sion of East\u2005Coast\u2005Rail­way\u2005zone. It is at Mal­lam­peta (which is named after the god­dess Mal­lamma). It is on the Viziana­garam-Raipur rail­way line. There is a broad-gauge rail­way line be­tween Bob­bili and Salur.

 

Parvathipuram is a Municipality.It is located in Vizianagaram district of Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.It is also a revenue division in Vizianagaram district This Revenue Division shares a border with Srikakulam Districtand various districts in Odisha.[3]

Geography[edit]

Parvathipuram is located at 18°46'N 83°25'E. It has an average elevation of 120 meters (393.7 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, Parvathipuram had a population of 53,844. The total population constitute, 26,811 males and 27,033 females a sex ratio of 1008 females per 1000 males. 5,048 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 2,607 are boys and 2,441 are girls a ratio of 936 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 79.14% with 38,618 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[2][4]

Government and politics[edit]

See also=> Parvathipuram (Lok Sabha constituency) and Araku (Lok Sabha constituency)

Parvathipuram is represented by Parvathipuram (SC) (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly and Araku (Lok Sabha constituency). Bobbili Chiranjeevulu is the present MLA of the constituency representing Telugu Desam Party.[5][6][7]

Transport[edit]

Train Transport[edit]

Parvathipuram is on the Jharsuguda–Vizianagaram line. There are two railway stations Parvathipuram and Parvathipuram Town within 1 kilometre (0.62 mi).

Parvathipuram railway station

Road Transport[edit]

There is Road connectivity between Major towns of Andhrapradesh and Odisha to Parvathipuram. APSRTC is Providing Daily Bus facility to state capital Vijayawada and other major cities VisakhapatnamVizianagaramRajahmundryKakinada of Andhrapradesh and Rayagada in Odisha.

Air Transport[edit]

The Nearest Airport is located in Visakhapatnam which is 150 km away from Parvathipuram.

Tourism Attractions[edit]

Parvathipuram has many tourist attractions are around and inside the town.

Devotional[edit]

Many Temples are Located around Parvathipuram area Kasi Viswanath temple Addapusila is the oldest historic temple which is located 5 km away from Parvathipuram town.

Sri Venkateswara Swamy Temple, Thotapalli is most popularly known as Chinna Tirupathi is famous for Lord Balaji; many pilgrims visit this temple from various states.

St. Paul's Lutheran Church is one of the oldest church in Parvathipuram area which was built in 1888. It is located at Main road Belagam and also a Roman Catholic church is also another attraction in this area.

Catholic church Parvathipuram

Dams and Reservoirs[edit]

  • Janjavathi Rubber Dam/VKM Rubber Dam is located 15 km away from Parvathipuram which is Asia's first rubber dam.The dam is the first one to be completed as part of the ambitious Jalayagnam launched by the Government of Andhrapradesh in 2006.
  • Thotapalli reservoir is the Largest Dam in Parvathipuram revenue division which was built on Nagavali River. This project is bokka child of Chandra Babu Naidu. He laid foundation as CM in 2003 and completed the project as a CM in 2015.Thotapalli Reservoir area is mostly attracting for sightseeing and boating.

Thotapalli old Bridge

Entertainment[edit]

Parvathipuram having Six Movie theaters but presently three are working in the town and few Parks are there.

Movie theaters[edit]

  • Soundharya Theater
  • Sri Venkateswara Picture Palace
  • Padhama sri picture palace

    Dr Sanyasi Raju Municipal Park

Parks[edit]

Janjavathi Rubber Dam

Agriculture[edit]

Parvathipuram is agriculture based area here mainly cultivating paddycashew nutsmangoes and other minor crops.Farmers in this area are mainly depending on Janjavathi Rubber Damand Thotapalli Reservoir for agriculture. Thotapalli Reservoir is also supplying drinking water to Parvathipuram town.

 

 

Salur or Saluru is a municipal town and mandal headquarters in Vizianagaram district, of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.

Geography[edit]

Salur is on the banks of River Vegavathi at 18.5333°N 83.2167°E.[3] It has an average elevation of 118 metres (387 ft). It is bounded by MakkuvaBobbiliRamabhadrapuram and Pachipenta mandals of Andhra Pradesh state. Salur is surrounded with green forests and chains of hills on two sides and by River Vegavathi on the other two.

The climate of the town is generally characterized by high humidity almost all round the year, oppressive summer, and seasonal rainfall. The temperature varies between 17 and 40 degrees of Celsius. Average annual rainfall is 1074.0 mm. The nature of the soil is generally black cotton soil.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 49,500. The total population constitutes 24,021 males, 25,479 females and 4,900 children (age 0–6 years). The average literacy rate stands at 73.22% with 32,656 literates, approximately equal to the national average of 73.00%.[4]

Administration[edit]

Municipality[edit]

Salur was a major panchayat till 1950. It was established in 1950 and was upgraded as grade II municipality in 2001. The extent of Salur municipality area is 19.55 sq mi (50.6 km2).

The source of water supply is River Vegavathi, with 200 public taps and 226 public bore–wells. The municipality supplies 3 million litres per day of total drinking water is supplied with a per capita of 80 litres per day. The municipality has 54 km (34 mi) of roads, 4 public parks, 5 play gournds, 11 community halls etc. There are 23 elementary and 2 secondary schools for education purpose.[5]

Legislative Assembly[edit]

Main article=> Salur Assembly constituency

Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Constituency of Salur is reserved for Scheduled Tribes.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the state School Education Department.[6][7] The medium of instruction followed by schools are English and Telugu

Vizianagaram district is a northern coastal district of Andhra PradeshIndia. The town of Vizianagaram is the district headquarters. The district is bounded on the east by the district of Srikakulam, southwest by the district of Visakhapatnam, southeast by the Bay of Bengal, and northwest by the state of Odisha.

Vizianagaram district was formed on 1 June 1979, with some parts carved from the neighbouring districts of Srikakulam and Visakhapatnam.[2] The district is named after the princely state of Vizianagaram (Vijaya means victory and Nagaram means city in Telugu). It is the least populous district in Andhra Pradesh.[3]

NAGARA PANCHAYATH

Nelli-marla is a census town in Vizianagaram district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is in Nellimarla mandal of Vizianagaram revenue division.[1]Etymology[edit]

The town of Nellimarla derives its name from a Telugu word for the medicinal tree Clerodendrum phlomidis Linn, of the family Verbenaceae, called 'Nelli chettu' or 'Nelli tree'.

The city of Nellore at the extreme south of coastal Andhra Pradesh too derives its name from the same medicinal tree.

The Nelli tree is known by alternate names in Telugu lands, one of which is 'Tekkali' chettu (Telugu=> \u0c1f\u0c46\u0c15\u0c4d\u0c15\u0c32\u0c3f \u0c1a\u0c46\u0c1f\u0c4d\u0c1f\u0c41) (from which Tekkali town in Srikakulam District, north coastal Andhra Pradesh derives its name). 'Tauki' chettu is another name.[2]

Geography[edit]

Nellimarla is on the banks of Champavathi River at 18.1667°N 83.4333°E. It has an average elevation of 190 metres (626 ft).

The river is called 'cunning river' (Telugu=> donga eru) due to changing course and sudden change of water levels. It flooded many times during the 1990s. But, with the change in climate, water is a rare feature in the river after 2000. The Denkada Anicut[3] was constructed across River Champavathi during 1965-1968. The project is near Saripalli village, Nellimarla Mandal. It uses 0.640 TMC of the available water. The Ayacut of 5,153 acres has been stabilised in Denkada and Bhogapuram Mandals of Vizianagaram District.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[4] Nellimaria had a population of 19,352. It was upgraded into Nagar Panchayat in March 2013. According to the 2011 census had a population of 26,000. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Nellimaria has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%=> male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 54%. In Nellimaria, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Nellimarla Mandal had a population of 73,753 in 2001. Males constituted 36,657 of the population and females 37,096. Nellimarla Mandal had an average literacy rate of 51%, lower than the national average of 59.5%=> male literacy is 62%, and female literacy is 41%.

Assembly constituency[edit]

Nellimarla Niyojakavargam

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Members of the Legislative Assembly[edit]

  • 2009=> Badikonda Appala Naidu
  • 2014=> Narayana Swamy Naidu Pathivada

Economy[edit]

Nellimarla jute mill is one of the largest in Andhra Pradesh. It has Jagdish Sarda as its chairman. It is a sacking unit known as Golden Mill sometime ago. Its sacks are of premium quality and one of the best in India. It is one of the largest livelihood providers in the region.

Kavali is a town in Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh of India. It is one of the major towns in Andhra Pradesh, and the second largest town in the district. It is the second most populous city located at Nellore district. It is Grade-1 Municipality.

Etymology[edit]

Kavali is also known as Kanakapatnam, meaning wealth will flow into this place.' This was coined by Potuluri Veerabrahmendra Swami. In the local language it means patrol. This name arises from the fact that in 1515, the Udayagiri king Harihara Rayulu stationed his army at this town.

Geography[edit]

Kavali is located at 14.913001°N 79.992921°E.[4] It has an average elevation of 17 metres (56 ft). Kavali is the second biggest city in Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh State, India. Kavali is 8 km from the Bay of Bengal.Government is planning to have a separate district by pulling few mandals from Prakasam and few from Nellore Districts. This is the long lasting proposal and will be closed very shortly.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 1,50,333. The total population is 75,206 males, 75,127 females and children(in the age group of 0–6 years). The average literacy rate stands at 81.09% with 60,497 literates significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[5] It is Grade-1 Municipality

Politics[edit]

Kavali is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. Kavali parliamentary constituency came into existence in 1962 and was lost in 1977. Now it is a part of the Nellore parliament constituency. The reference is Kavali (Assembly constituency)

Transport[edit]

Kavali Railway Station

National Highway 16, a part of Golden Quadrilateral highway network, bypasses the city.[6] Kavali railway station is located on Howrah-Chennai main line. It is classified as a B–category station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[7] NH 5 passes through the city. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Kavali bus station.[8] The Nearest Sea Port is Ramayyapatnam port.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[9][10] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu. Visvodaya a group of institutions, Visvodaya Boys High school, Visvodaya Girls High school and Visvodaya preparatory school and Bezawada Gopal Reddy School of Fine Arts were established in 100 acres of land by Mr.Doddla Ramachandra Reddy - Recotor of institutions. Many eminent scholars like Peddada Rama Swamy, S V Bhujangaraya Sarma, Janamdhi Hanumanth Sastri, Kowta Rammohan Sastri, Vempati Chinna Satyam to name few were worked in these institutions in various capacities. Some of the good schools include St Anns English medium high school and St Mary's Public School which is spread across multiple acres and provides quality education for the patrons.

Gudur is a town in Nellore district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Gudur mandal and Gudur revenue division.[3][4]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census of India, the town had a population of 116,330. The total population constitute, 57,680 males, 58,650 females and 11,659 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 64.60% with 75,205 literates.[5]

Geography[edit]

Climate

The climate here is tropical. The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. This location is classified as Aw by Köppen and Geiger. In Gudur, the average annual temperature is 29.2 °C. About 1025 mm of precipitation falls annually.[6]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration

The municipality was established in the year 1954. Its jurisdictional area covers 9.14 km2 (3.53 sq mi).[1] The urban agglomeration of the town consists of Gudur municipality and its out growths. The out growths include Guduru (east), Guduru (west), Chennuru–II, NellaturChillakur.[7]

Politics

Gudur is a part of Gudur (SC) (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Pasim Sunil Kumar is the present MLA of the constituency from TDP (recently joined back). In 8 April 2016 he is joined in TDP without resign from YSR Congress Party.[8] It is also a part of Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency).[9][10] P.Gopinath is the municipal commissioner of the city[11] and Ponaka Devasena is the Municipal Chair Person.

Transport[edit]

Gudur Junction railway station

National Highway 16 passes through the town, which connects Kolkata and Chennai. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Gudur bus station.[12] Gudur Junction is a major railway junction, which connects Howrah-Chennai main line and Renigunta branch line. It is classified as an A–category station and recognised as an Adarsh station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[13]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[14][15] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are Telugu and English.

Business[edit]

Gudur lemon business[edit]

Lemon business is the most unbeaten business in Gudur. Gudur's lemon market is one of the big lemon markets in Andhra Pradesh. The lemon market is located at Gudur 2 town on the way of Chennur. Gudur and the surrounding villages' farmers mostly prefer to farm lemon trees. They export lemons around the country and also to other countries. Usually lemon sales are in two ways in Gudur, i.e Pieces and Bundles (contains more than 1000 lb). And when we talk about price, it is totally based on the season and demand. It varies from day to day.

Mica[edit]

Mica is the 2nd successful business in Gudur.

Mica Belts around Gudur considers as 2nd biggest in India. Mica belts covering nearly 1000sp. km around Gudur. The following are the types of Mica found in Gudur i.e. Quartz, Feldspar, Muscovite and Vermiculite.

One of the first firms to start mica trading at a large scale was Laxmi Mica Industries - Gudur under the leadership of Late Sri Lal Khatuwala (http=>//khatuwalagroup.com/). The largest deposit of Mica in India was at Koderma, Jharkhand. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kodarma) and second largest was at Gudur. At a time when there was 19 mica mines, Laxmi Mica Industries was having contract to outright purchase all the stocks from 18 mines. The two firms Birdhichand Bansidhar and Laxmi Mica Industries were the largest mica export companies of India.

Some of the other mica firms were=> Micamin Exports - Gudur Premier Mica Company - Gudur Microfine Mica Company - Gudur Micafab - Gudur Krishna Mica Company - Gudur Yashoda Krishna Mica Mining Co. - Gudur Venkatagiri Raja Mining Co. - Gudur KHR Mica company - Gudur

Aquaculture[edit]

Aquaculture is also one of the successful business in Gudur, There are many Prawn Ponds are located around Gudur. Usually two main types of prawn forms being done, those are Scampi and Tiger Prawns, water and weather in this area are suitable to mainly these two types. Prawn exports around India and also some other countries from Gudur

 

Venkatagiri is a town in Nellore district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and mandals headquarters of Venkatagiri mandal.[3] Venkatagiri's old name is "Kali Mili".[citation needed] It is famous for its Handloom Cotton Sarees. Venkatagiri is a place for history and handlooms. It was part of a small kingdom that was integrated into the Indian Republic.

History[edit]

Vekatagiri was originally known as Kalimilli till 17th century and was ruled by Gobburi Polygars under Vijaynagar Empire. They were defeated by Recherla Venkatadri Naidu, Nayak of Madurantakam and the nephew of Raja of Velugodu, another vassal under Venkatapathi Raya II of Aravidu dynasty of Vijayanagar. The village was renamed as Venkatagiri.[4] By mid 17th century the Velogothi rulers shifted their capital to Venkatagiri and it lasted as a Zamindari till independence.[5] It was located between two rivers I.e kaivalya river and godderu river.

Geography[edit]

Venkatagiri is located at 13.9667°N 79.5833°E.[6] It has an average elevation of 60 metres (197 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[7] Venkatagiri Mandal had a population of 80,000. Venkatagiri Rural consists of 58 Revenue Villages. Venkatagiri became municipality in 6-1-2005 by merging Venkatagiri, ChevireddiPalli, Periyavaram, Bangarupet, Ammavaripet and Manulalapet Panchayats.Total population of municipality is 52,478. Venkatagiri has an average literacy rate of 67%,higher than the national average of 59.5%. Total area of municipality is 23.50 km2.

Governance[edit]

Civic administration

The Venkatagiri municipality was formed as a Grade–III municipality in 2005 and has an extent of 25.43 km2 (9.82 sq mi).[8][1]

Economy[edit]

See also=> Venkatagiri Sari

Venkatagiri Sari woven in and around the town is one of the geographical indication from Andhra Pradesh and got registered by Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.[9][10]

Politics[edit]

Venkatagiri falls under Venkatagiri (Assembly constituency) of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. It is in turn a part of Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency). Neduramalli Janrdhan Reddy, Ex-CM of AP was represented as MLA from Venkatagiri AC from 1989-1994 & his wife Neduramalli RajayaLakshmi, Ex-Education minister of AP from 2004-2009, 2014 - till date Kurugondla Ramakrishna of Telugu Desam Party.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[11][12] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu. AP Residential School, RVM High School, RVRKY ZP Girls High School, AP Residential Junior College, IIHT, Visvodaya govt college and ESS Degree colleges are very old institutes in Venkatagiri Town. There is also a Central government school in venkatagiri, Kendriya Vidhyalaya.

Transport[edit]

Venkatagiri railway station is located on Gudur-Katpadi Branch lineAPSRTC buses, run by state government provide transport to the nearby and long distance travel.

Atmakur Assembly constituency is a constituency of the Andhra\u2005Pradesh\u2005Legislative\u2005AssemblyIndia. It is one of 10 constituencies in the Nellore\u2005district.

District ULB Name
GUNTUR BAPATLA
GUNTUR CHILAKALURIPETA
KRISHNA GUDIVADA
KRISHNA JAGGAIAHPETA
KRISHNA MACHILIPATNAM
KRISHNA NUZIVIDU
KRISHNA PEDANA
KRISHNA TIRUVURU
KRISHNA VUYYURU
KRISHNA NANDIGAMA
GUNTUR MACHERLA
GUNTUR MANGALAGIRI
GUNTUR NARASARAOPETA
GUNTUR PONNUR
GUNTUR REPALLE
GUNTUR SATTENAPALLE
GUNTUR TENALI
GUNTUR VINUKONDA
GUNTUR PIDUGURALLA
GUNTUR TADEPALLI
ANANTAPUR DHARMAVARAM
ANANTAPUR GUNTAKAL
ANANTAPUR HINDUPUR
ANANTAPUR KADIRI
ANANTAPUR RAYADURG
ANANTAPUR TADIPATRI
ANANTAPUR GOOTY
ANANTAPUR PAMIDI
ANANTAPUR MADAKASIRA
ANANTAPUR PUTTAPARTHY
ANANTAPUR KALYANADURGAM
CHITTOOR MADANAPALLE
CHITTOOR PUNGANUR
CHITTOOR SRIKALAHASTI
CHITTOOR PALAMANERU
CHITTOOR NAGAIRI
CHITTOOR PUTTUR
KADAPA PRODDATUR
KADAPA RAJAMPETA
KADAPA RAYACHOTY
KADAPA PULIVENDULA
KADAPA BADVEL
KADAPA JAMMALAMADUGU
KADAPA MYDUKUR
KADAPA YERRAGUNTLA
KURNOOL ADONI
KURNOOL NANDYAL
KURNOOL YEMMIGANUR
KURNOOL DHONE
KURNOOL NANDIKOTKUR
KURNOOL ALLAGADDA
KURNOOL GUDUR
KURNOOL ATMAKUR
NELLORE SULLURPETA
NELLORE NAIDUPETA
PRAKASHAM CHIRALA
PRAKASHAM KANDUKUR
PRAKASHAM MARKAPUR
PRAKASHAM GIDDALUR
PRAKASHAM ADDANKI
PRAKASHAM KANIGIRI
PRAKASHAM CHIMAKURTHY
EAST GODAVARI AMALAPURAM
EAST GODAVARI MANDAPETA
EAST GODAVARI PEDDAPURAM
EAST GODAVARI PITHAPURAM
EAST GODAVARI RAMACHANDRAPURAM
EAST GODAVARI SAMLAKOTA
EAST GODAVARI THUNI
EAST GODAVARI YELESWARAM
EAST GODAVARI MUMMIDIVARAM
EAST GODAVARI GOLLAPROLU
WEST GODAVARI BHIMAVARAM
WEST GODAVARI KOVVUR
WEST GODAVARI NARASAPUR
WEST GODAVARI NIDADHAVOLE
WEST GODAVARI PALAKOLLU
WEST GODAVARI TADEPALLIGUDEM
WEST GODAVARI TANUKU
WEST GODAVARI JANGAREDDYGUDEM
SRIKAKULUM AMUDALAVALASA
SRIKAKULUM ICHCHAPURAM
SRIKAKULUM PALASA - KASIBUGGA
SRIKAKULUM RAJAM
SRIKAKULUM PALAKONDA
VISAKHAPATNAM NARASIPATNAM
VISAKHAPATNAM YELLAMANCHALI
VIZIANAGARAM BOBBILI
VIZIANAGARAM PARVATHIPURAM
VIZIANAGARAM SALURU
VIZIANAGARAM VIZIANAGARAM
VIZIANAGARAM NELLIMARLA
NELLORE KAVALI
NELLORE GUDURU
NELLORE VENKATAGIRI
NELLORE ATMAKURU
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