WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - KURNOOL,
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Kurnool is the headquarters of Kurnool district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[5] The city is often referred as The Gateway of Rayalaseema.[6] It was the capital of Andhra State from 1 October 1953 to 31 October 1956. As of 2011 census, it is the fifth most populous city in the state with a population of 460,184.[7][8]

Etymology[edit]

The name Kurnool is derived from Kandanavooru or Kandanavolu. The name Kandanavolu is combination of Kandana and voluKandana means grease. During the days when Bullock Cart is a form of transport, bullock cart riders used to stop on the banks of Tungabhadra River to apply grease to the bullock cart wheels before crossing the river. Hence the name 'Kandanavolu'.[9] Later the name formerly Kandanavolu changed to Kandanavooru, and then gradually to Kurnool.

Geography and climate[edit]

Location[edit]

Kurnool is located at 15.8333°N 78.05°E.[16] It has an average elevation of 273 metres (898 feet).

Kurnool lies on the banks of the Tungabhadra River. The Hundri and Neeva rivers also flow through the city. The K.C.Canal (Kurnool–Cuddapah) was built by the Dutch for transportation, but later used for irrigation.

Cityscape[edit]

Front View of Kondareddy Buruju.

Landmarks in and around the city include Konda Reddy Fort Formerly called Kondareddy Burj is the Historical Monuement and Major Tourist Attraction of Kurnool located at the north east part of the city.[17] Orvakal rock Garderns is the Sculpture Garden with Ancient cave lies on the South East of the city.[18] Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary is a noted wildlife and bird sanctuary that lies in the vicinity of Kurnool, about 45 km away. It attracts lot of visitors from neighbouring states of Telangana, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. [19]

 

Gumbad is one the oldest historical monuments located on the banks of Hundri River.

Climate[edit]

The climate is tropical with temperatures ranging from 26 °C (78.8 °F) to 46 °C (114.8 °F) in the summer and 12 °C (53.6 °F) to 31 °C (87.8 °F) in the winter. The average annual rainfall is about 705 millimetres (28 in).

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per final data of 2011 census, Kurnool urban agglomeration had a population of 484,327, making it the fifth largest city in the state of Andhra Pradesh[22].

Literacy[edit]

Literacy in Kurnool[23]
         
All

77.37%
Male

83.01%
Female

71.24%

The literacy rate of Kurnool was 77.37 per cent at the time of the 2011 census.

Religion[edit]

Others include Sikhs & Parsis

Religion in Kurnool[24]
Religion     Percent  
Hinduism

67.19%
Islam

29.21%
Christianity

2.49%
Others

1.11%

As per final data of 2011 census, Hindus formed the majority in the Kurnool urban agglomeration. Other religious groups found in Kurnool are MuslimsChristiansSikhs and Parsees.

Politics[edit]

Shri S.V. Mohan Reddy currently holds the MLA position for Kurnool Assembly,[25] where as Ms. Butta Renuka holds the MP position and represents Kurnool constituency at the Lok Sabha[26]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by Government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[27][28] Pre-schools by Anganwadi Centers of ICDS Dept.

The city has some of the famous institutions for both engineering and medical degrees like Kurnool Medical College (KMC), Pulla Reddy Engineering College etc. The city is having a state famous institution - Silver Jubilee College, established by the Govt. of AP in the year 1972.

Transport[edit]

Roads[edit]

Kurnool is well connected by road with Hyderabad and BengaluruNational Highway 44 (India) connects Kurnool to Hyderabad. The State Highway 51 connects to SrisailamVinukondaGunturVijayawadaNational Highway 40 (India) (new numbering) runs from Kurnool to Chittoor are the major highways passing through the city. The city has a total road length of 519.22 km[29] State owned bus transport system, APSRTC, operates buses from Kurnool bus station to other parts of the state.[30][31]

Railways[edit]

Kurnool railway station lies on the Hyderabad – Bengaluru railway line. It is classified as an A–category station in the Hyderabad railway division of South Central Railway zone.

Airport[edit]

The Ministry of Civil Aviation has proposed to develop Kurnool Airport, a greenfield airport near Orvakal, 25 km from Kurnool city. The airport opened on 8-jan-2019 Airport built on 1,110 acres of land at a cost of Rs. 234 crores and is projected to be commercial enclave by April 2019.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Kurnool is endowed with good mineral resources. The important minerals are Iron ore, dolomite, limestone, ochre, quartz and silica.[32]

Notable People[edit]

• Kotla Vijayabhaskara Reddy, Ex- Chief Minister, Andhra Pradesh.

 

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