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Eluru is a city and the district headquarters of West Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[4] It is one of the 14 municipal corporations in the state and the mandal headquarters of Eluru mandal in the Eluru revenue division.[5][6] The city is on the Tammileru river. The city is well known for its wool-pile carpets and hand woven products.[7]. As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 217,876.[1] Its history dates back to the second century CE[8].

Etymology[edit]

During the Buddhist kingdom of Vengi, the city was known as 'Helapuri'.[9] It was also known by names such as 'Ellore' .[10]

Geography[edit]

Western Tammileru near Bus Station

Eluru is at 16.7°N 81.1°E and has an average elevation of 22 m (72 ft). It lies on the Eastern coastal plains.[21] It is about halfway between the Krishna and Godavari rivers and about 50 kilometers inland from the Bay of Bengal. The Tammileru river and the Krishna and Godavari canals pass through the city, before the river. The Eluru canal from Krishna empties into Kolleru Lake near the city.[20]

Climate[edit]

Eluru experiences hot and humid climate due to its proximity to the shore of Bay of Bengal. It has an average annual temperature of 28.2 °C (82.8 °F). May is the hottest and December is the coolest month of the year. Temperature crosses 40 °C (104 °F) in summer.[4] July receives most precipitation and annually the city receives an average rainfall of 992 mm (39.1 in).[22]

As of 2011 census of India, Eluru had a population of 283,648 of which 140,059 were male and 143,589 female.[24] The Eluru urban agglomeration had a population of 350,000.[2][3]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

Eluru District Collector office

Eluru Municipal Corporation is the civic body of Eluru. It was first constituted as a municipality in 1866.[25] It was upgraded to municipal corporation on 9 April 2005 from selection grade municipality.[9] It is spread over an area of 14.50 km2 (5.60 sq mi) with 50 wards.[1]

The present municipal commissioner of the city is Y.Sai Sreekanth and the mayor is Shaik Noorjahan.[26] In 2015, as per the 'Swachh Bharat Abhiyan' of the Ministry of Urban Development, Eluru Municipal Corporation was ranked 249th in the country.[27]

Eluru urban agglomeration is spread over an area of 23.85 km2 (9.21 sq mi) and its constituents include Eluru municipal corporation, census towns of SanivarapupetaSatrampaduGavaravaramTangellamudi, and partly out growths of KomadavoleEluru (rural) villages.[6]:54

Law and order in Eluru is maintained with the help of eight police stations, which includes one woman and one traffic police station. These are under the jurisdiction of the 'Additional Judicial First Class Magistrate'.[28]

A view of Police Quarters from Hotel Grand Arya

Politics[edit]

Eluru (Assembly constituency) is one of the constituencies for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Badeti Kota Ramarao is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[29] The constituency falls under Eluru (Lok Sabha constituency) which was won by Maganti Venkateswara Rao of Telugu Desam Party.[30][31] The city is going to be the head office for the Jana Sena Party.[32]

Economy[edit]

Central Plaza: A shopping mall in the city

Since the 17th century, Eluru was known for rug weaving, derived from weavers of Iranian descendants.[10] R.R.PetPowerpetEluru 1-Town area are the commercial centres.[33] TangellamudiSanivarapupeta and Lakshavarapupeta areas of the city are known for the wool pile carpet industry. The eco-friendly carpets are exported to countries like USAustraliaGermany and the UK.[34][35]

Government allotted 1.416 km2 (0.547 sq mi) of land near Vatluru and Bhogapuram for a light combat aircraft manufacturing facility[36] which is estimated to cost about \u20b92,135 billion (US$30 billion).[37]

Culture[edit]

A antique museum is being set up in the city, that will preserve prehistoric tools, idols, and elements found in the archaeological excavations near the city.[38]

Notable personalities[edit]

The personalities from Eluru include Kommareddi Suryanarayana, a Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha member in Indian Parliament and Indian freedom activist; Murali Mohan, a Member of Parliament and Telugu film actor, producer and business executive; Duvvuri Subbarao, an Economist and the 22nd governor of the Reserve Bank of IndiaKurma Venkata Reddy Naidu, a lawyer, professor, Justice Party leader, Governor and Chief Minister of Madras Presidency; Chodagam Ammanna Raja, Indian freedom movement activist and Rajya Sabha member; Mothey Vedakumari, parliamentarian and singer; V. S. Ramadevi, the first woman to become Chief Election Commissioner of IndiaPawan Kumar, former cricketer for Andhra and Hyderabad.

People from film industry are L. V. Prasad, film producer, actor, director, cinematographer and businessman; Pasupuleti Kannamba, actress, playback singer and film producer of Telugu cinema; Vijaya Bapineedu, magazine editor, film screenwriter and director; V. N. Aditya, film director and screenwriter; Sekhar Kammula, film director, screenwriter and producer; Silk Smitha, film actress; Naga Shourya, film actor; Shanmukha Srinivas, film actor and an accomplished Kuchipudi dancer.

Cityscape[edit]

See also: List of tourist attractions in Eluru

View of Buddha Statue

'Buddha park' is in the city and is notable for its 74 ft (23 m) Buddha statue in the Abhaya posture, in the heart of Gaja Vallivari Cheruvu tank which was used as drinking water source for elephants in the Ancient Era.

Kolleru lake is a very large (30,855 hectares [100 sq mi] to 90,100 hectares [300 sq mi]) but shallow fresh water lake, about 15 km from the city. The lake is known for attracting migratory birds from Northern Europe and Northern Asia during the months of October–March and is designated as the Kolleru Bird Sanctuary. As of 2018, the water level has been low in recent years.[39][40][41]

The ‘Holy Land’ of Israel has been replicated on the premises of Fr. Silvio Pasquali Memorial Convent at Duggirala on the city outskirts.[42]

Neighbourhoods[edit]

The city has suburbs such as Ramachandrarao Pet (R.R Pet), Narasimharao Pet (N.R Pet),[43] Pathebada,[44] 1-Town, Powerpet etc.

Transport[edit]

Main article: Transport in Eluru

Fire Station Centre

Departure Block of Eluru New Bus station

The city was once famed for its traffic problems with the railway gates at VatluruVenkatraopetPowerpet, Old bus stand and Eastern Locks areas. When the National Highway passed through the city, the traffic hurried to pass over the railway gates in the city and outskirts, which makes traffic worse.[45]

To avoid the traffic congestion, the government of India constructed a mini bypass road connecting Eastern locks and Vatluru on both ends of the city. Even then, the traffic problem were not resolved. The main bypass road (which was constructed under Golden Quadrilateral programme which was completed in the late 1990s) had only 10,000 vehicles pass through the bypass road; now it has almost doubled.[2]

Traffic in the city of narrow lanes was growing by the day. Even though officials constructed an underbridge at Venkatraopet railway gate and a railway overbridge at old bus stand besides the foot bridge at Powerpet was replaced by another bridge, but the traffic has doubled, without giving any relief to citizens. There are 93 traffic centres identified in the city.[3]

Roadways[edit]

Eluru is well connected to the major destinations through national and state highwaysNational Highway 16, a part of Asian Highway 45 and Golden Quadrilateral highway network, bypasses the city and connects Kolkata with Chennai.[46][47] GNT Road, Mini-Bypass Road, Canal Road and Sanivarapupeta Road are the major internal arterial roads.

The city has a total road length of 227.09 km (141.11 mi).[48]

Mini-Bypass road in Eluru

Eluru is well connected to most of the cities and towns in Andhra Pradesh by road, rail and waterways. The bus, auto and railway are the main modes of transport services. There are about 4000 autos plying in the city.[49]

APSRTC operates its bus services from Eluru Old and Eluru New bus stations[50][51] to parts of the State and to other states.[52] State Highway 43 and State Highway 44 connect Eluru with Sathupalli and Jangareddygudemrespectively.[53] Private bus operators also provide transport services. Motor-driven auto-rickshaws and manual-driven cycle-rickshaws are the other alternative means of transport in Eluru. Private lorries, cars and two-wheelers[45]are common.

Rail[edit]

Eluru railway station

Eluru is classified as an 'A–category station' in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[54][55] Apart from the main station, other stations that serve the city include Powerpet and Vatluru. All these stations are on the Howrah-Chennai main line.Eluru is one of the top 100 booking stations of Indian railways.

Waterways[edit]

Indian National Waterway 4 (NW-4) is under development. The (NW-4) (NW-4) runs along the Coromandal Coast through Kakinada, Eluru, Commanur, Buckingham Canal, and part of the Krishna and Godavari rivers in South India.[56]

Airport[edit]

Gannavaram (Vijayawada) which is 35 km from Eluru is the nearest Airport. Vijayawada airport is well connected to Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru,Mumbai,New Delhi by number of Airlines.

Sports[edit]

Cricket and soccer are the most popular sports in the city. Presently, the city has four stadium out of which Indoor Stadium and ASR Stadium hosted for Ranji Trophy in 1977. Other popular stadiums are Helapuri grounds, C.R. Reddy Cricket Stadium.

Alluri Sitarama Raju Stadium[edit]

ASR Stadium

ASR Stadium was named after Alluri Sitarama Raju.[57][58] It is located at 16°43′8″N 81°6′58″E.

It had earlier hosted a Ranji Trophy match, handball, football and hockey tournaments.[58] The ground first held a single first-class match in 1976 when Andhra Pradesh played Hyderabad in the 1976/77 Ranji Trophy,[59] which ended in a draw.[60] It held Finals of Foodball League of West Godavari Matches in 2016. Current DSDO is Syed Azeez.[61]

Education[edit]

Eluru plays a major role in education for urban and rural students from nearby villages.[62] It has an average literacy rate of 83.90% with, according to the 2011 census, a total number of 155,894 who are literate. This includes, 80,434 men (88.13%) and 75,460 women(79.82%).[63]

Primary and secondary school education is provided by government, aided, and private schools, under the School Education Department of Andhra Pradesh.[64] According to the school information report for the academic year 2016–17, the urban area has around 160 schools. These include government, residential, private, municipal, and other types of schools. There are more than 100 private schools and 49 municipal schools.[65] There are more than 30,000 students in these schools.[66]

Instruction is in EnglishUrdu, and Telugu.

Sri Chintalapati Varaprasada Murthy Raju was the founder of three high schools in the name of Indian freedom fighters: Kasturiba Girls High School, Balagangadhar Tilak Oriental for Sanskrit, Duggirala Gopal Krishnayya. Moulana Abdul Kalam Azad High School is the only school with Urdu as medium of instruction in the district.[62] The Central Board of Secondary EducationSecondary School Certificate, or the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education are the types of syllabus followed by schools.

The government plans to set up Municipal Corporation Junior College in the city.[67]. Eluru city has ASRAM Medical college, St Joseph Dental College and many degree and Engineering colleges.

 

 

 

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