WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - ELURU,WEST GODAVARI WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - BHIMAVARAM,WEST GODAVARI WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - JANGAREDDYGUDEM,WEST GODAVARI WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - KOVVUR,WEST GODAVARI WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - NARASAPUR,WEST GODAVARI WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - NIDADHAVOLE,WEST GODAVARI WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - PALAKOLLU,WEST GODAVARI WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - TADEPALLIGUDEM,WEST GODAVARI WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - TANUKU,WEST GODAVARI
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Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The district is situated in Coastal Andhra region of the state. The administrative headquarters of the district is situated at Eluru.[2] As of 2011 census of India, the district has an area of 7,742 km2 (2,989 sq mi) and a population of 3,936,966.It is bounded by Krishna district on the west, East Godavari district on the east, Bay of Bengal on the south and the state of Telangana on the north.

Municipalities
ELURU

Eluru is a city and the district headquarters of West Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[4] It is one of the 14 municipal corporations in the state and the mandal headquarters of Eluru mandal in the Eluru revenue division.[5][6] The city is on the Tammileru river. The city is well known for its wool-pile carpets and hand woven products.[7]. As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 217,876.[1] Its history dates back to the second century CE[8].

Etymology[edit]

During the Buddhist kingdom of Vengi, the city was known as 'Helapuri'.[9] It was also known by names such as 'Ellore' .[10]

Geography[edit]

Western Tammileru near Bus Station

Eluru is at 16.7°N 81.1°E and has an average elevation of 22 m (72 ft). It lies on the Eastern coastal plains.[21] It is about halfway between the Krishna and Godavari rivers and about 50 kilometers inland from the Bay of Bengal. The Tammileru river and the Krishna and Godavari canals pass through the city, before the river. The Eluru canal from Krishna empties into Kolleru Lake near the city.[20]

Climate[edit]

Eluru experiences hot and humid climate due to its proximity to the shore of Bay of Bengal. It has an average annual temperature of 28.2 °C (82.8 °F). May is the hottest and December is the coolest month of the year. Temperature crosses 40 °C (104 °F) in summer.[4] July receives most precipitation and annually the city receives an average rainfall of 992 mm (39.1 in).[22]

As of 2011 census of India, Eluru had a population of 283,648 of which 140,059 were male and 143,589 female.[24] The Eluru urban agglomeration had a population of 350,000.[2][3]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

Eluru District Collector office

Eluru Municipal Corporation is the civic body of Eluru. It was first constituted as a municipality in 1866.[25] It was upgraded to municipal corporation on 9 April 2005 from selection grade municipality.[9] It is spread over an area of 14.50 km2 (5.60 sq mi) with 50 wards.[1]

The present municipal commissioner of the city is Y.Sai Sreekanth and the mayor is Shaik Noorjahan.[26] In 2015, as per the 'Swachh Bharat Abhiyan' of the Ministry of Urban Development, Eluru Municipal Corporation was ranked 249th in the country.[27]

Eluru urban agglomeration is spread over an area of 23.85 km2 (9.21 sq mi) and its constituents include Eluru municipal corporation, census towns of SanivarapupetaSatrampaduGavaravaramTangellamudi, and partly out growths of KomadavoleEluru (rural) villages.[6]:54

Law and order in Eluru is maintained with the help of eight police stations, which includes one woman and one traffic police station. These are under the jurisdiction of the 'Additional Judicial First Class Magistrate'.[28]

A view of Police Quarters from Hotel Grand Arya

Politics[edit]

Eluru (Assembly constituency) is one of the constituencies for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Badeti Kota Ramarao is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[29] The constituency falls under Eluru (Lok Sabha constituency) which was won by Maganti Venkateswara Rao of Telugu Desam Party.[30][31] The city is going to be the head office for the Jana Sena Party.[32]

Economy[edit]

Central Plaza: A shopping mall in the city

Since the 17th century, Eluru was known for rug weaving, derived from weavers of Iranian descendants.[10] R.R.PetPowerpetEluru 1-Town area are the commercial centres.[33] TangellamudiSanivarapupeta and Lakshavarapupeta areas of the city are known for the wool pile carpet industry. The eco-friendly carpets are exported to countries like USAustraliaGermany and the UK.[34][35]

Government allotted 1.416 km2 (0.547 sq mi) of land near Vatluru and Bhogapuram for a light combat aircraft manufacturing facility[36] which is estimated to cost about \u20b92,135 billion (US$30 billion).[37]

Culture[edit]

A antique museum is being set up in the city, that will preserve prehistoric tools, idols, and elements found in the archaeological excavations near the city.[38]

Notable personalities[edit]

The personalities from Eluru include Kommareddi Suryanarayana, a Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha member in Indian Parliament and Indian freedom activist; Murali Mohan, a Member of Parliament and Telugu film actor, producer and business executive; Duvvuri Subbarao, an Economist and the 22nd governor of the Reserve Bank of IndiaKurma Venkata Reddy Naidu, a lawyer, professor, Justice Party leader, Governor and Chief Minister of Madras Presidency; Chodagam Ammanna Raja, Indian freedom movement activist and Rajya Sabha member; Mothey Vedakumari, parliamentarian and singer; V. S. Ramadevi, the first woman to become Chief Election Commissioner of IndiaPawan Kumar, former cricketer for Andhra and Hyderabad.

People from film industry are L. V. Prasad, film producer, actor, director, cinematographer and businessman; Pasupuleti Kannamba, actress, playback singer and film producer of Telugu cinema; Vijaya Bapineedu, magazine editor, film screenwriter and director; V. N. Aditya, film director and screenwriter; Sekhar Kammula, film director, screenwriter and producer; Silk Smitha, film actress; Naga Shourya, film actor; Shanmukha Srinivas, film actor and an accomplished Kuchipudi dancer.

Cityscape[edit]

See also: List of tourist attractions in Eluru

View of Buddha Statue

'Buddha park' is in the city and is notable for its 74 ft (23 m) Buddha statue in the Abhaya posture, in the heart of Gaja Vallivari Cheruvu tank which was used as drinking water source for elephants in the Ancient Era.

Kolleru lake is a very large (30,855 hectares [100 sq mi] to 90,100 hectares [300 sq mi]) but shallow fresh water lake, about 15 km from the city. The lake is known for attracting migratory birds from Northern Europe and Northern Asia during the months of October–March and is designated as the Kolleru Bird Sanctuary. As of 2018, the water level has been low in recent years.[39][40][41]

The ‘Holy Land’ of Israel has been replicated on the premises of Fr. Silvio Pasquali Memorial Convent at Duggirala on the city outskirts.[42]

Neighbourhoods[edit]

The city has suburbs such as Ramachandrarao Pet (R.R Pet), Narasimharao Pet (N.R Pet),[43] Pathebada,[44] 1-Town, Powerpet etc.

Transport[edit]

Main article: Transport in Eluru

Fire Station Centre

Departure Block of Eluru New Bus station

The city was once famed for its traffic problems with the railway gates at VatluruVenkatraopetPowerpet, Old bus stand and Eastern Locks areas. When the National Highway passed through the city, the traffic hurried to pass over the railway gates in the city and outskirts, which makes traffic worse.[45]

To avoid the traffic congestion, the government of India constructed a mini bypass road connecting Eastern locks and Vatluru on both ends of the city. Even then, the traffic problem were not resolved. The main bypass road (which was constructed under Golden Quadrilateral programme which was completed in the late 1990s) had only 10,000 vehicles pass through the bypass road; now it has almost doubled.[2]

Traffic in the city of narrow lanes was growing by the day. Even though officials constructed an underbridge at Venkatraopet railway gate and a railway overbridge at old bus stand besides the foot bridge at Powerpet was replaced by another bridge, but the traffic has doubled, without giving any relief to citizens. There are 93 traffic centres identified in the city.[3]

Roadways[edit]

Eluru is well connected to the major destinations through national and state highwaysNational Highway 16, a part of Asian Highway 45 and Golden Quadrilateral highway network, bypasses the city and connects Kolkata with Chennai.[46][47] GNT Road, Mini-Bypass Road, Canal Road and Sanivarapupeta Road are the major internal arterial roads.

The city has a total road length of 227.09 km (141.11 mi).[48]

Mini-Bypass road in Eluru

Eluru is well connected to most of the cities and towns in Andhra Pradesh by road, rail and waterways. The bus, auto and railway are the main modes of transport services. There are about 4000 autos plying in the city.[49]

APSRTC operates its bus services from Eluru Old and Eluru New bus stations[50][51] to parts of the State and to other states.[52] State Highway 43 and State Highway 44 connect Eluru with Sathupalli and Jangareddygudemrespectively.[53] Private bus operators also provide transport services. Motor-driven auto-rickshaws and manual-driven cycle-rickshaws are the other alternative means of transport in Eluru. Private lorries, cars and two-wheelers[45]are common.

Rail[edit]

Eluru railway station

Eluru is classified as an 'A–category station' in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[54][55] Apart from the main station, other stations that serve the city include Powerpet and Vatluru. All these stations are on the Howrah-Chennai main line.Eluru is one of the top 100 booking stations of Indian railways.

Waterways[edit]

Indian National Waterway 4 (NW-4) is under development. The (NW-4) (NW-4) runs along the Coromandal Coast through Kakinada, Eluru, Commanur, Buckingham Canal, and part of the Krishna and Godavari rivers in South India.[56]

Airport[edit]

Gannavaram (Vijayawada) which is 35 km from Eluru is the nearest Airport. Vijayawada airport is well connected to Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru,Mumbai,New Delhi by number of Airlines.

Sports[edit]

Cricket and soccer are the most popular sports in the city. Presently, the city has four stadium out of which Indoor Stadium and ASR Stadium hosted for Ranji Trophy in 1977. Other popular stadiums are Helapuri grounds, C.R. Reddy Cricket Stadium.

Alluri Sitarama Raju Stadium[edit]

ASR Stadium

ASR Stadium was named after Alluri Sitarama Raju.[57][58] It is located at 16°43′8″N 81°6′58″E.

It had earlier hosted a Ranji Trophy match, handball, football and hockey tournaments.[58] The ground first held a single first-class match in 1976 when Andhra Pradesh played Hyderabad in the 1976/77 Ranji Trophy,[59] which ended in a draw.[60] It held Finals of Foodball League of West Godavari Matches in 2016. Current DSDO is Syed Azeez.[61]

Education[edit]

Eluru plays a major role in education for urban and rural students from nearby villages.[62] It has an average literacy rate of 83.90% with, according to the 2011 census, a total number of 155,894 who are literate. This includes, 80,434 men (88.13%) and 75,460 women(79.82%).[63]

Primary and secondary school education is provided by government, aided, and private schools, under the School Education Department of Andhra Pradesh.[64] According to the school information report for the academic year 2016–17, the urban area has around 160 schools. These include government, residential, private, municipal, and other types of schools. There are more than 100 private schools and 49 municipal schools.[65] There are more than 30,000 students in these schools.[66]

Instruction is in EnglishUrdu, and Telugu.

Sri Chintalapati Varaprasada Murthy Raju was the founder of three high schools in the name of Indian freedom fighters: Kasturiba Girls High School, Balagangadhar Tilak Oriental for Sanskrit, Duggirala Gopal Krishnayya. Moulana Abdul Kalam Azad High School is the only school with Urdu as medium of instruction in the district.[62] The Central Board of Secondary EducationSecondary School Certificate, or the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education are the types of syllabus followed by schools.

The government plans to set up Municipal Corporation Junior College in the city.[67]. Eluru city has ASRAM Medical college, St Joseph Dental College and many degree and Engineering colleges.

 

 

 

BHIMAVARAM

Bhimavaram is a city in West Godavari district of the Andhra Pradesh state of India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bhimavaram mandal in Narasapuram revenue division.[4][5] It is a part of Eluru Urban Development Authority. As of 2011 census, it is the second most populous city in the district with a population of 142,184. It is one of the major pilgrimage centers in the state, which is home to Somaramam, one of the five great Pancharama Kshetras.[6]

History[edit]

Along with much of present-day coastal Andhra Pradesh, Bhimavaram was controlled by the Chola dynasty. Under Kulothunga Chola I, Bhimavaram was ruled by his sons who served as viceroys. Stone inscriptions have been found in the town dating from his reign (c. 1096 C.E.).[7]

Etymology[edit]

The name Bhimavaram literally means "the gift of Bhima". According to a legend, in around 890–918 AD, an Eastern Chalukya king named Chalukya Bheema built a Siva temple and laid the foundation to this town.[8] It was originally called "Bhimapuram", but the name gradually changed to "Bhimavaram"; "puram" refers to a dwelling place while "varam" means an endowment in Telugu.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census of India, the town had a population of 142,184. The total population constitutes 70,066 males and 72,214 females—a sex ratio of 1031 females per 1000 males. 12,157 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 6,149 are boys and 6,008 are girls—a ratio of 977 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate stands at 83.41% with 1,08,535 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 73.00%.[2][9] Its urban agglomeration population was 146,961.[5]

Economy[edit]

A patch of paddy fields near Bhimavaram

Bhimavaram is in the epicentre of the Godavari delta region. It is one of the principal trade centres of paddy in the state of Andhra Pradesh. Agriculture-based businesses like food processing, aqua culture, rice mills etc., are the chief sources of the town's revenue. It serves as a distribution centre as well as commercial centre to its hinterland. The town is the regional centre for higher education and is known for its specialized health services.[7]

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

Its urban agglomeration covers Bhimavaram municipality, partly out growths of Rayalam (rural) and Chinamiram. It has an area of 26.14 km2 (10.09 sq mi).[5]

Trace of Bhimavaram Municipality Evolution=>[10]

  1. April 1948=> Bhimavaram Municipality was established as a third grade municipality.
  2. August 1963=> Upgraded to a second grade municipality in August 1963.
  3. August 1967=> Upgraded to a first grade municipality in August 1967.
  4. September 1980=> Upgraded to a Special Grade Municipality in September 1980.
  5. September 2011=> It was upgraded to 'Selection Grade municipality' in 2011.
  6. 1 January 2019=> Eluru Urban Development Authority created. Bhimavaram became a part of EUDA along with places in West Godavari District.

Politics[edit]

Bhimavaram assembly constituency is a legislative assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh.

Transport[edit]

The town has a total road length of 201.60 km (125.27 mi).[11] It is well connected with other places in the country by national highwaysNH 216 passes through the town.

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Bhimavaram bus station.[12] Bhimavaram town railway station is classified as 'A–category' in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[13][14] The Gudivada–Bhimavaram section connects it with Visakhapatnam–Vijayawada section of Howrah-Chennai main line.

There are as many as 2,69,137 vehicle owners are licensed according to transport officials in the city. Out of this, about 13,064 are autos, 1236 school buses, 9908 lorries, 11,129 cars, 2,04,728 motorbikes, 2,833 three-wheelers, 15 car travels, and 5 bus travel vehicles.[15]

Culture[edit]

Bhimavaram is famous for the Gunupudi Someswara (Somarama) temple, which is one of the five holy Pancharamas. Built during the 3rd century A.D., the Shiva lingam is known for changing its color according to the lunar month=> black during amavasya and white during pournami.

There are many notable people from the cinema industry such as, Trivikram SrinivasSivaji RajaPenmatsa SubbarajuSunilPrabhas and Raja Ravindra.

Other notable personalities include Krishnam Raju GadirajuK. V. K. RajuYellapragada Subbarao in science, mystic Swami Jnanananda, Industrialists B. V. RajuByrraju Ramalinga Raju and freedom fighter Alluri Sitarama Raju.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided, and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[16][17] The medium of instruction followed by schools are English and Telugu.

There are numerous higher educational institutions in and around Bhimavaram.[18] Some of the renowned institutions are S.R.K.R Engineering College,[19] D.N.R Educational Institutions,[20] K.G.R.L Group of Educational Institutions,[21] Sri Vishnu Educational Society,[22]Bhimavaram Institute of Engineering & Technology,[23] Grandhi Varalakshmi Venkatarao Institute of Technology (GVIT),[24] Dr.C.S.N. degree and P.G college.

JANGAREDDYGUDEM

NAGARA PANCHAYATH

Jangareddygudem (JRG) is a town in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[2]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 48,994. The total population constitute, 23,997 males and 24,997 females —a sex ratio of 1042 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[3] 5,082 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 2,605 are boys and 2,477 are girls—a ratio of 951 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 80.09% (male 83.61%; female 76.75%) with 35,169 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[2][4]

Geography[edit]

Jangareddygudem is an upland agency area. Its average elevation is 74 meters above sea level. It is not prone to any floods or damp soils.

Civic services[edit]

Tobacco Board[5]

The Tobacco Farmers bring their crop to the Tobacco Board for auction, in which Tobacco Board authorized companies participate to buy tobacco from farmers with the Board acting as middle man facilitating the auction by providing all facilities to farmers and traders from Crop development, Cultivation, Production, Loans etc and payment processing through banks.[6] Tobacco Board is an arm of Ministry of Commerce, Govt of India. The process of electronic auctioning of tobacco was first introduced in India (First across globe on FCV Tobacco) at the Jangareddygudem Tobacco Board.[7] A Government hospital, established way back in 1980s, has been recently renovated as a spacious with multi-specialty services.

Transport[edit]

The town has a total road length of 72.00 km (44.74 mi).[8] Jangareddygudem bus depot is owned and operated by APSRTC. It operates bus services to most of the surrounding destinations and other districts.[9] State Highway 42 connects the town with Palakollu and State Highway 44 with Eluru.[10]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. [11][12] Two government colleges=> Sri Damodara Sanjivayya junior (SDSJ)college and Chatrapati Shivaji Trisatha Jayanti (CSTJ) degree college were established way back in early 1970s.

 

KOVVUR

Kovvur mandal is one of the 46 mandals in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Its headquarters are located in the town of Kovvur.[2] The mandal is bounded by NidadavoleChagalluDevarapalle, Tallapaudi mandals and on the east by the Godavari River.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the mandal had a population of 108,445. The total population constitute, 53,392 males and 55,053 females —a sex ratio of 1031 females per 1000 males. 10,633 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 5,312 are boys and 5,321 are girls. The effective literacy rate stands at 76.33% with 74,659 literates.[1]

Governance[edit]

Kovvur mandal is one of the 3 mandals under Kovvur (SC) (Assembly constituency), which in turn represents Rajahmundry (Lok Sabha constituency) of Andhra Pradesh.[4]

NARASAPUR

Narasapur or Narasapuram may refer to places in India=>

NIDADHAVOLE

Nidadavolu is a town in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the mandal headquarters of Nidadavolu mandal in Kovvur revenue division.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The town was known as Niravadyaprolu or Niravadyapuram.

Nidadavolu was a fort surrounded by water bodies (Jaladurgam) of Eastern Chalukyan kings. Chalukya Bhima, the builder of Draksharama Bhimeswara temple won this land from Rastrakutas, the then ruling dynasty. A prince of Nidadavolu, Veerabhadra Chalukya, married Rani Rudrama Devi, a prominent ruler and the warrior queen of the Kakatiya dynasty. He fought several wars along with his wife and is hailed as a brave prince. It had 108 Siva temples, many of them were totally destroyed by Muhammad bin Tughluq in 1323. Even today, one can find the remains of the destroyed sculptures. A Nandi statue belonging to the 13th century placed in Sri Golingeswara temple was discovered recently.

Geography[edit]

Nidadavolu is a mandalassembly constituency and a main railway junction in West Godavari District of Andhra Pradesh, India. Borders consist of East Godavari to the east, Devarapalli Mandal to the west, Tadepalligudemmandal and Peravali mandal to the south and Chagallu Mandal to the north.

Climate[edit]

Nidadavolu city falls in the hot humid region of the country. The climate of the city is hot in the summers and it is pleasant during the winter. The hottest day falls in the month of May with shift to June during some years.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the major occupation with many paddy and sugarcane fields. Many crops and vegetables grow in these region and water resource for irrigation is abundant from the major canals of Godavari.

Culture[edit]

Kotasattemma Temple is one of the Hindu religious temple in the town.

Transport[edit]

The town has a total road length of 98.21 km (61.02 mi). Srikakulam-chennai highway passes through the town.[2] Nidadavolu Junction is the railway junction for the town. It is the junction of Bhimavaram–Nidadavolu section and Vijayawada–Nidadavolu sections of Howrah–Chennai main line. The station is administered under Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[3] The nearest operational airport is at Madhurapudi,Rajamundry located at a distance of 45 kilometres.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[4][5] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

A lot of private schools/colleges are being established in and around the town.

 

PALAKOLLU

Palakollu is the administrative headquarters of Palakollu Mandal in Narasapuram revenue division in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Palakollu is situated in Coastal Andhra region of the state.[4] Occupying 19.49 square kilometres (7.53 sq mi) [5] As of 2011 census, it has a population of about 61.2 kilo and a Metro population of about 81.1 kilo, making it the fourth most populous city in West Godavari Districtin Andhra pradesh.[6] Palakollu City was selected for the year 2015-16 Housing for All Under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana for house less poor in the urban areas. At an average altitude of 1.5 metres (4.9 ft), Palakollu city is situated on National Highway 165 (India) and National Highway 216 (India) It is bounded by Krishna district on the west, East Godavari district on the east, Bay of Bengal on the south and the state of Telangana on the north.[7] which is home to Ksheerarama, one of the five great Pancharama Kshetras.

History[edit]

Palakol or Palakollu was originally known as Kshiraramam or Kshirapuram or Palakolanu or Upamanyapuram. [8]

In 1613, the Dutch built their first Indian factory at Palakollu, which was temporarily abandoned in 1730. Part of Dutch Coromandel, it was a trading post for textiles, lamp oil, wood, roof tiles, and bricks.

Under the 1783 Treaty of Paris, the town was ceded to the British, but the Dutch continued to rent it from them until 1804. In 1818 it was formerly restored to the Dutch only to be ceded again to the British in 1824.[9]

Palakollu is also known as Trilinga Desam, the region bounded by three lingas (Srisailam, Draksharamam and Kaleswaram)

The most famous Ksheerarama is one, of the five, Pancharama Kshetras and is located in Palakollu, state of Andhra Pradesh, India. Lord Shiva is known locally as Ksheera Ramalingeswara Swamy. The Sivalinga was established by Lord Vishnu.

The famous Sri Lakshmi Ganapathi Navagraha Subrahmanya Aalayam, temple located at Brodipeta 2nd Lane in Palakollu. The presiding deity is Lord Ganapathi in the divine form of Lakshmi Ganapathi, along with the Navagrahalu & Subrahmanya Swamy deities. [10]

Geography[edit]

Palakollu Is Located At 16.5167°N 81.7300°E.[11] Situated in the southern part of Andhra Pradesh in southeastern India.The City occupies an area of 19.49 square kilometres (7.53 sq mi) under the administration of Palakollu Municipality (PMC). There are One major Dhavaleswaram - Narsapuram Canal that supply water to the city=> New Water Lake And old water lake A part from the Godavari River. Small canal's is used only for agricultural and industrial purposes. Palakollu Town is a flat country with a slight eastern slope along the Canal's of the City flow. The Canal's in the palakulu city generally flow from West to East. with an average elevation of 1.5 metres (4.9 ft). The City is bounded by Penugonda Village on the north, Narasapuram on the south. The Godavari River separates East Godavari district on east and Bhimavaram on the west. There is paddy and sugarcane cultivation in the area.

Climate[edit]

Palakollu has a tropical climate. When compared with winter, the summers have much more rainfall. The climate here is classified as Aw by the Köppen-Geiger system. In Palakollu, the average annual temperature is 27.9 °C. In a year, the average rainfall is 1208 mm.The driest month is January, with 1 mm of rainfall. In October, the precipitation reaches its peak, with an average of 286 mm.The warmest month of the year is May, with an average temperature of 32.4 °C. At 23.4 °C on average, January is the coldest month of the year. The difference in precipitation between the driest month and the wettest month is 285 mm. The variation in annual temperature is around 9.0 °C. The weather is hot and humid, with a tropical climate and, thereby, no distinct seasons. The coolest months are December and January There is heavy monsoon rain at the end of summer, with depressions in the Bay of Bengal.

Culture[edit]

The town is known in the state for its cultural history whose residents are more often referred as 'Palakollu' There are many religions, languages, traditions and festivals. Shiva Puja and a special Maha Shivaratri Karthika Masam in Karthikai Deepam are important events of Hindu festival of Makar Sankranti in the town, mainly due to the existence of self manifested Ksheerarama Temple. Palakollu town Mosque is a Muslim shrine housing the holy relic of the Prophet Mohammed. The ST. John Luther Church, Sambhunipeta Luthern church, Church Of Christ, St. Andrews Lutheran Church, is an important shrine for Christians and illuminates during Christmas eve.The clothing of the locals include traditional men wearing dhoti and women wearing saree and salwar kameezWestern clothing is also predominant. And Also Some Important Famous food Of andhra pradesh.

Sri Ksheera Rama Lingeswara Swamy Temple View

Film Industry People[edit]

Main page=> Category=>People from Palakollu

The town notable for many artists like ChiranjeeviAllu RamalingiahAllu AravindKodi RamakrishnaDasari Narayana RaoChalamMandolin SrinivasRaviRaja PinisettyChintapalli RamanaNookala Chinna SatyanarayanaGhazal Srinivas (recipient of Guinness World Record for most languages sung), Beri Thimappa (Founder of Madras), Veera Pothana (Nandi awardee, cine & drama writer), R. NaniKrishna (Film Director and Producer), Chanti Addala (art director & producer), Relangi Narasimha Rao (director), Bunny vasu (producer), Maruthi (Director), Ananth Sriram (Liricyst).

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Allu Rama Lingaiah (1 October 1922 – 31 July 2004), commonly known as Allu, was an Indian Telugu language comedic actor from Palakollu, who appeared in over one thousand Tollywood films.

Anantha Sriram Chegondi (born 8 April 1984) is an Indian lyricist, mainly writing lyrics for songs in Telugu language films. He is a nephew of the politician and cine producer Chegondi Venkata Harirama Jogaiah and hails from Palakollu area of West Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh. He studied in Bapatla Engineering College. He discontinued studies when he was in 3rd year of graduation. Anantha Sriram is one of the most sought after lyricists in the Telugu Film Industry. Sriram is married to Swathy in Palakollu on November 17, 2010.

Dasari Narayana Rao (born 4 May 1936, Palakol, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India) is an Indian film actor, director and producer from Telugu cinema and a Politician.Dasari Narayana Rao has directed about 140 films, produced 3 films and worked in more than 2 films as a dialogue writer and as a lyricist. Besides graduating with a BA degree, he used to take part in scores of drama competitions. He was soon recognized as a potential stage artiste, screenwriter and director. During his career he has also acted in Telugu, Tamil, and Kannada languages. His films were mostly based on Anti Dowry issue and women centric issues and always carried a messgae. He has directed Blockbusters like Bobbili Puli and Sardar Paparayudu with NTR. His other memorable blockbusters include Meghasandesam, Mamagaru, Chillara Kottu Chittemma and Premabhishekam. He has introduced actors and directors like Mohan Babu, R. Narayana Murthy, Raviraja Pinisetty and Mutyala Subbaiah

Governance[edit]

Civic administration[edit]

Main article=> Palakollu Municipality

Palakollu Municipality was established in the year 1928. It was A grade Municipality.There are 32 election wards represented by a councilor. Palakollu City urban agglomeration is spread over an area of 19.49 km2 (7.53 sq mi). Its constituents include the municipality of Palakollu, the out growths of Poolapalli, Ullamparru, Palakollu (Rural)

Palakollu (Assembly constituency) is a legislative assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. Sri Chodisetty Surya Rao was longest serving municipal chairman from 1956 to 1986 and many colleges ASNM, Dasari Womens degree college, Coco Junior govt college, 34 acres of drinking water tank developed with 20 year vision, govt hospital, lorry stand, etc are all developed under his regime. As a gratitude people of Palakol erected a bronze statue in center of City.[13]

Politics[edit]

Main article=> Palakollu (Assembly constituency)

Palakollu Assembly constituency is one of the constituencies for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Nimmala Rama Naidu is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[14] The constituency falls under Narasapuram (Lok Sabha constituency)which was won by Gokaraju Ganga Raju of Bharatiya Janata Party.[15][16] And Also Another Major Parts In Palakollu City Janasena Party And Ysr Congress Part.

Demographics[edit]

hidePalakollu population 
Census Pop.  
1901 10,848  

1911 12,953   19.4%
1921 14,535   12.2%
1931 16,906   16.3%
1941 19,869   17.5%
1951 23,037   15.9%
1961 28,481   23.6%
1971 36,196   27.1%
1981 46,146   27.5%
1991 56,969   23.5%
2001 76,308   33.9%
2011 81,199   6.4%
Sources=>[17] [18]

At palakollu, West Godavari District, Andhra pradesh, India. Godavari breezes During Evening!

As of 2011 census of India, the City had a population of 81,199. The total population constitutes 40,103 males and 41,096 females—a sex ratio of 1024 females per 1000 males. 7,318 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 3,743 are boys and 3,575 are girls—a ratio of 955 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate stands at 76.95% significantly higher than the state average of 73.00%.[19] [20][21][22]

Language and religion[edit]

Referred to as "Palakolian", the residents of Palakollu are predominantly Telugu with minority Gujarati (including Memon). Telugu is official Language. Hindus are in the majority. Muslims And Christians form a very Less minority Of The People In Palakollu. According to the 2011 census, the religious make-up of Palakollu City was=> Hindus (95.64%), Muslims (2.11%), Christians (1.97%), Jains (40 People), Sikhs (10 People) and Buddhists (3 People); 143 People did not state any religion.[23]

Religion in Palakollu (2011)
         
Hinduism

95.64%
Islam

2.11%
Christianity

1.97%
Others

0.34%

[24]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture-based businesses like food processing, rice mills etc., are the chief sources of the town's revenue. It serves as a distribution centre as well as commercial centre to its hinterland. The town is the regional centre for higher education and is known for its specialized health services Palakollu Coconet Market It's Big Coconut Market In West Godavari District Palakollu Coconut Export To Over All India.[25]

Transport[edit]

Main page=> Category=>Transport in Palakollu

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The city was once famed for its traffic problems with the railway gates at Bhimavaram Road (P.P Road) area. When the National Highway passed through the city, the traffic hurried to pass over the railway gate in the city and outskirts, which makes traffic worse.

To avoid the traffic congestion, the government of India constructed a mini bypass road connecting Narsapur Road and Poolapalli on both ends of the city. Even then, the traffic problem were not resolved. The main bypass road (which was constructed under R&B which was completed in the late 2014s) had only 10,000 vehicles pass through the bypass road; now it has almost doubled.

Traffic in the city of narrow lanes was growing by the day. Even though officials planning to construct an underbridge at Bhimavaram Road (P.P Road) railway overbridge it is already approved from South Central railway at Palakollu City But still Pending in the project. and in the city all National Roads and R&B Roads still single lines only thay try to Since 1950 extend Roads making the one way but This is also Still Pending. 2018 year the traffic has doubled, without giving any relief to citizens. There are 25 traffic centres identified in the city.

Roadways[edit]

Main article=> Sri Potti Sriramulu bus station

Palakollu bus station phase 1 platforms

Sri Potti Sriramulu bus station Located in palakollu City APSRTC operates buses from Palakollu to major cities like HyderabadVizagVijayawadaTirupati etc. Ten express trains service the City, which is on the Narsapur – Vijayawada railway route.[26] A bridge was built on Vasista Godavari near Chinchinada 8 km away from Palakollu connecting East Godavari & West Godavari Districts of Andhra Pradesh, which makes it a part of National Highway 214. Palakollu railway station is classified as a B–category station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[27] The town has a total road length of 78.80 km (48.96 mi).[28]

Railways[edit]

Main article=> Palakollu railway station

Palakollu railway station Entrance

Palakollu railway station is classified as an B category station With Three Platforms In Vijayawada railway division.[29] Palakollu Railway Station One Of The Main Station It is located on the Bhimavaram–Narasapuram branch line of South Central Railway zone.[30]

Waterways[edit]

National Waterway 4 was declared on 24 November 2008, which connects the Indian states of TelanganaAndhra PradeshTamil Nadu, and the union territory of Puducherry. It passes through KakinadaEluru, Commanur, Buckingham Canal and also part of Krishna and Godavari rivers rivers.[31] It is being developed by Inland Waterways Authority of India, and is scheduled for completion in 2013.[32]

Airways[edit]

Palakollu City Nearest Airport Rajahmundry Airport It Is Around 84Km Distance Of The City.[33] Jet AirwaysSpicejetIndiGo and TruJet are major airliners. The airport has direct services to Hyderabad, Chennai and Bangalore. A new terminal building was inaugurated on 16 May 2012. Runway is being expanded from the 1,749 m to 3,000 m to facilitate the landing and takeoff of bigger aircraft.[34] The state government is very keen in developing the airport as a national airport and alternative for Visakhapatnam airport during bad climatic conditions.[35]

Education[edit]

Palakollu plays a major role in education for urban and rural students from nearby villages.[36] It has an average literacy rate of 83.90% with, according to the 2011 census, a total number of 63,097 who are literate. This includes, 32,397 men (88.13%) and 30,700 women(79.82%). Primary and secondary school education is provided by government, aided, and private schools, under the School Education Department of Andhra Pradesh.[37] According to the school information report for the academic year 2016–17, the urban area has around 160 schools. These include government, residential, private, municipal, and other types of schools. There are more than 100 private schools and 49 municipal schools.[38] There are more than 30,000 students in these schools.[39]

Instruction is in EnglishUrdu, and Telugu.

There are numerous higher educational institutions in and around Palakollu City.[40] Some of the renowned institutions are Jogaiah Institute of Technology and Sciences,[41] D.N.R Educational Institutions,[42] Jogaiah Institute of agricultural engineering, A.S.N.M degree and P.G college, B.R.R & G.K.R Chambers Degree & PG College, Jogaiah institute of Technology and Sciences, College of Pharmacy.[43]

TADEPALLIGUDEM

Tadepalligudem (TPG) is a city in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the mandal headquarters of Tadepalligudem mandal in Eluru revenue division.[3]

Geography[edit]

Tadepalligudem is located at 16.8333°N 81.5000°E.[4] It has an average elevation of 34 metres (114 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 103,906. The total population constitute, 51,378 males and 52,528 females — a sex ratio of 1022 females per 1000 males - higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[5] 9,048 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 4,662 are boys and 4,386 are girls—a ratio of 941 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 83.10% (male 86.60%; female 79.71%) with 78,557 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[3][6]

The urban agglomeration had a population of 104,032 of which males constitute 51,438 and females constitute 52,594 — a sex ratio of 1024 females per 1000 males - and 9,061 children are in the age group of 0–6 years. There are a total of 78,656 literates with an average literacy rate of 83.11%.[3]

Governance[edit]

Tadepalligudem Municipality was formed in the year 1958. It is a Selection–Grade Municipality, which is spread over an area of 20.71 km2 (8.00 sq mi) and has 35 election wards.[1] The present municipal commissioner of the town is Bala Swami and the present chairman is Bolisetti Srinivas.[7]

Education[edit]

Central Institutes Map of Andhra Pradesh (click on the map to enlarge)

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[8][9] National Institute of Technology, Tadepalligudem is the 31st NIT in the country, for which the foundation stone was laid in the town on 20 August 2015.[10][11]. Dr. YSR Horticulture University and Adikavi nannayya university campus are other major universities in Tadepalligudem. Other important engineering colleges are Sri Vasavi Engineering college which helps students in building their career and gives highest placements and mainly SVEC concentrates on R&D, Sasi Engineering college, VISIT Engineering college, WISE Engineering college, ASR Engineering college etc.,

Transport[edit]

The town has a total road length of 207.30 km (128.81 mi).[12] Asian Highway 45 passes through the town, which is a part of the Golden Quadrilateral project. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporationoperates bus services from Tadepalligudem bus station.[13] Tadepalligudem railway station is located on Visakhapatnam–Vijayawada section of Howrah-Chennai main line. It is one of the thirteen A – category stations located in Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.Almost all the trains passing through Tadepalligudem have stoppages here.[14] Tadepalligudem has an airport which is currently not in use, built by the British to accommodate military aircraft during World War II.In 1942. The Government of Andhra Pradesh proposed an airport in Tadepalligudem along with five other cities.[15]

See also[edit]

TANUKU

Tanuku is a Town in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Tanuku mandal in Kovvur revenue division.[2][1]

History[edit]

In ancient period, Tanuku was called as Tarakapuri, the Capital of Asura King Tarakasura.[3]

Geography[edit]

Tanuku is a located at 16.75°N 81.7°E with tropical climate an annual rainfall of 313.4 millimetres (31.34 cm). The Gosthani River flows through the town.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census of India, the city had a population of 68,224. The total population was composed of 37,644 males and 38,537 females, with 7,134 children age six and below.[4][5] The merger of surrounding villages has increased the population to 76,181.[3]

Civic administration[edit]

Tanuku Municipality was constituted in the year 1979 as a second grade municipality. It was upgraded to first grade in the year 2002 and has 34 election wards.[6] Its jurisdiction is spread over an area of 24.56 km2(9.48 sq mi).[5] The present municipal chairman is Mr.Parimi Venkateswarao and the municipal commissioner is Mr M.SAMBASIVARAO'.[7]

Economy[edit]

Andhra Sugars Limited supplies liquid hydrogen, a byproduct of sugarcane to the ISRO, for using it as a rocket propellant in satellite launch vehicles.[8][9] The other byproducts are also used in liquor, paper and power industries.[10]

Culture[edit]

Adikavi Nannaya, the first poet of Telugu language, translated Mahabharata from Sanskrit to Telugu. He was a native of Tanuku.[3] Javvadi Yamini Narasambika in dance, AJS Ramareddy in literature and poetry and Dampuri Narayanarao in folk arts have won the Ugadi awards in their respective fields, announced by the District Cultural Council .[11] The Youth Cultural Celebrations is one such example of promoting cultural activities.[12] famous kuchipudi dancer Ambika took the award from the chief minister Chandrababu Naidu during pushkaras hails from this city.

Transport[edit]

The town has a total road length of this tanuku transport is to worste in buses 148.6 km (92.3 mi).[13] The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Tanuku bus station.[14] Tanuku railway station is classified as a B–category station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[15] it have transport facility to other states also.for example it has APSRTC service from siriguppa near bellari which is located in karnataka[16][better source needed]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[17][18] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Politics[edit]

Arimilli Radha Krishna nick name is (RADHA ANNAYYA) is the present MLA of the Tanuku (Assembly constituency).[7]

Sports[edit]

Chitturi Subba Rao – Gopichand Badminton Academy is the badminton academy under the Chitturi Subba Rao Trust for training the under 13 badminton players.[19][20] The academy hosted COSCO A.P. State Open Mini Badminton Championship 2016.[21] The Tanuku Football Club is one of the team in Football League of West Godavari tournament, promoting the football.[22] Sports personalities from the city include=> Rella Sanjeeva Rao is an under-14 Badminton player, top ranker for U-13 level, gold medalist at national level championship;[23]

 

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