WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - ONGOLE,PRAKASHAM WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - ADDANKI,PRAKASHAM WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - CHIMAKURTHY,PRAKASHAM WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - CHIRALA,PRAKASHAM WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - GIDDALUR,PRAKASHAM WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - KANDUKUR,PRAKASHAM WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - KANIGIRI,PRAKASHAM WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - MARKAPUR,PRAKASHAM
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chief minister of the Madras Presidency, and subsequently became the first chief minister of the new Andhra state, created by the partition of Madras State along linguistic lines. He was also known as Andhra Kesari (Lion of Andhra). The Andhra Pradesh government issued G.O RT-2500 on 10 August 2014 declaring his birth anniversary a state festival. Andhra Kesari 9 feet Statue in Parliament houses, Statue was Unveiled by Kocheril Raman NarayananPresidents of India on 5 May 2000. Andhra Kesari it was the first Biopic Movies on CMs, which was Directed by Vijayachander, It was released on 1 November 1983, the Andhra Pradesh Formation day.

 

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Municipalities
ONGOLE

Ongole is a city in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The Municipality was formed in the year 1876 and was upgraded to Municipal Corporation on 25.01.2012. The city is a municipal corporation and the headquarters of Prakasam district. It is also the mandal headquarters of Ongole mandal in Ongole revenue division.[3] The city is the 13th most populous in the state. Ongole is known for its Ongole cattle, a breed of oxen.[4] This is one of the world's major zebu cattle breeds.

Etymology[edit]

Prakasam district was formerly called Ongole district and later, renamed to Prakasam in order to pay homage to the great patriot and ex-chief minister Tanguturi Prakasam Panthulu.

History[edit]

The town's history dates from 230 BCE with the era of the Mauryas and Sathavahanas who ruled most of what is now Andhra Pradesh. A few inscriptions dating to the Satavahana period have been found in the village China Ganjam, near Ongole. After the Satavahanas, this place came into the limelight again during the Kakatiya dynasty, when the nearby towns of Motupalli and Voda Revu served as major seaports. Ongole is also mentioned in the inscriptions of the Pallava rulers of the 3rd and 4th Century A.D.

The City was also ruled by Krishna Deva Raya. The last dynasty to rule the Ongole region before the British was the Mandapati Dynasty(Zamindars). According to the historical inscriptions available at Sri Raja Rajeswara Swami Temple complex in Ongole City was constructed by Cholas. Kaasi Visweswara Swami temple, Chenna Keswva Swami Temple and Veeranjaneya Swami temple were built in the early 17th century by King Vankayalapati mantri and Army Chief.

Ongole District came into existence on 02-02-1970 with the carving out portions of Markapur Revenue Division from Kurnool, Ongole Revenue Division from Guntur and Kandukur Revenue Division from Nellore Districts. It was renamed as Prakasam District in 1972 in memory of the eminent freedom fighter, later Chief Minister of the composite Madras State and the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh State, late Andhra Kesari Sri Tanguturi Prakasam Panthulu], who was born at Vinodarayuni palem, a hamlet of Kanuparthi village of Naguluppala Padu Mandal of this district.

Geography[edit]

Ongole is located at 15.5°N 80.05°E. It has an average elevation of 10 m (33 ft) AMSL and is situated on the plains. The city is around 15.54miles (25 km) to the west of the Bay of Bengal on the east coast of India. Gundlakamma river's small streams is passing through city

Climate[edit]

Summer temperatures reaches as high as 44 °C (111 °F) during this season (especially during March/May/June) has the highest temperatures.[5], but these are usually followed by monsoon rains and the annual average rainfall 794.5 mm receiving both North-East & South – West Mansoons. The winter season (from November/ to February) is the most enjoyable with a pleasant climate. Winter months are usually dry, with little to no rainfall.The average annual temperature is 24.5 C. Cyclones may occur any time of the year, but occur more commonly October - December.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 2,52,739. The sex ratio of 994 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[7] 19,744 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 10,228 are boys and 9,516 are girls&a ratio of 935 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 83.04% with 153,628 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[8][9]

Governance[edit]

Community Hall

Civic administration[edit]

Ongole Municipal Corporation is the civic body that oversees the needs of the city of Ongole. It was constituted as a municipality in the year 1876 and it Upgraded to Municipal Corporation on 25.01.2012 at the present area of the corporation is 132.45 km2 (51.14 sq mi). The agglomerated villages that were merged into Ongole corporation are=> Cheruvukommupalem, Throvagunta, Muktinuthalapadu, Dsarajupalli, Koppolu, Narasapuram Agraharam, Pellur, Pernamitta, Vengamukkapalem.[10] S. Venkata Krishna is the commissioner of the municipal corporation.[11] The city is one of the 13 municipal corporations in the state and also the Headquarters of Ongole mandal. And also the Ongole is the Head quarter’s of Prakasam District having located a good number of District and Mandal level Offices of the State Government.

There are 6 zones; 50 Election Wards & 36 Revenue Wards. It is the 13th largest city in the state by means of population.

Politics[edit]

Ongole is a part of Ongole (Assembly constituency), representing Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Damacharla Janardhana Rao is the present MLA of the constituency from Telugu Desam Party.[12] The constituency is a part of Ongole (Lok Sabha constituency) which was won by Y.V. Subba Reddy of YSR Congress Party.[13][14]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the primary industry of Ongole, and the city is a major center for tobacco trading in Andhra Pradesh. Galaxy Granite polishing units provide a huge employment source.

Export of oxen

The Ongole Bull(Ongole Gittha)

Ongole bulls are a breed of Oxen that are exported to many countries. The Brahman bull in America is an off-breed of the Ongole. Ongole Island, in Malaysia, holds many Ongole Oxen. The population of Ongole off-breed animals in Brazil is said to be around several millions. The original breed of Ongole stud bulls are found in a small region around Ongole town between the Gundlakamma and Musi Rivers.

Transport[edit]

Ongole railway station

Roadways[edit]

The city is connected by road to major destinations. National Highway 16, a part of Golden Quadrilateral highway network, bypasses the city.[15] National Highway 216 connects the city with Kathipudi.[16] The city has a total road length of 738.50 km.[17] Ongole bus station is owned and operated by Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation.[18][19] The station is also equipped with a bus depot for storage and maintenance of buses.[20] The Passengers delight project was implemented at the bus station for improving cleanliness and modernizing it.[21]

Railways[edit]

Ongole railway station is an A–category station located on the Howrah-Chennai main line and administered under Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone. More than 200 Trains pass through this station connecting all most all major cities and most parts of the country.[22]

Airport[edit]

A new greenfield airport was approved for Ongole at near by town namely Donakonda ( the domestic air port of British India) in February 2014.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[23][24] Instruction in the schools is given in English and Telugu.

The Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS) is a medical college in Ongole.[25] Some of the famous educational institutes include QIS College of Engineering and Technology, QIS Institute of Technology,[26] RISE Groups of Institutions,[27] Prakasam Engineering College,[28] and the Pace Institute of Technology and Sciences The Government Polytechnic college located in Ongole is one of the top famous polytechnic colleges of AP

Parks[edit]

Devuducheruvu Park, Rangarayudu Cheruvu Park, Natu Babu Rao Park, CRP Quarters Park, Gandhi Park, Gaddalagunta Park, Nirmal Nagar Park,housing board park.

Tourism & Pilgrimage[edit]

Rajarajeswara Swamy Temple, Kaasi Visweswara Swamy Temple, Chennakeseva Swamy Temple, Valluramma Temple, Panchamukha Anjaneyaswamy Temple, Srigiri Hills, Gandhi Park, Saibaba Temple @ Lawyerpet - 2nd Shiridi, Mallavaram Reservoir (20 km), Kothapatnam Beach (15 km), Chadavalada Ranganayaka Swamy Temple (20 km), Madanuru Temples & Beach (25 km), Kanaparthi Museum (25 km), Ramathirdham Temple & Reservoir (20 km), Jammulapalem - Shivalayam (20 km)

Sports[edit]

Parade Ground

The PDCA-CSR Sarma College Ground is one of the home grounds of the Andhra cricket team, with a first class cricket status and hosts Ranji Trophy matches.[29][30] The ground has recorded the first ever triple century by a wicket keeper in Ranji Trophy, achieved by Srikar Bharat of the Andhra cricket team.[31] The police parade grounds hosted the first state-level Girl Football Tournament in October 2016.[32]

See also

ADDANKI

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Addanki is a town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Addanki North is the mandal headquarters of Addanki mandal in Ongole revenue division.[4]

Geography[edit]

Addanki located at 15.8167°N 79.9833°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 24 meters (82 ft). It is located between Guntur (70 km) and Ongole (36 km) and Chialakaluripet (44 km) and Narasaraopet (50 km).

Addanki is located in the bank of Gundlakamma river. This river is the main resource of drinking water for Addanki,

History[edit]

Addanki is an important region in the ancient Kammanadu.[6]

Addanki inscription[edit]

The inscription, a replica of the original one which is excavated near Thousand Pillar Temple of Addanki,[7] stands testimony to a flourishing Telugu literature much before the available literary texts. Locals believe that this is the first poem ever to be written in Telugu. Starting with the Boya campaign, Pandaranga got victories in all military campaigns of his master Gunaga Vijayaditya III. The inscription spoke about the donation of land by the king to him for his successful military exploits. A noted scholar-poet of those times, he had translated Sanskrit poems into Telugu.


Historical Temples

1. 1000 Stambala Temple ( near to Bhavani center Junction ) 2. Sri Prasannajayaneya Swamy Temple, Singarakonda ( Ongole-Hyderabad Highway) 5km from Addanki Bus stop

Politics[edit]

Addanki is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. Addanki, Ballikurava, Korisapadu, Panguluru, and Santamaguluru are the 5 mandals that come under Addanki Assembly Constituency. Addanki assembly comes under Bapatla parliament constituency. Present MLA Gottipati Ravi Kumar AND Present MP Sriram Malyadri (Bapatla).

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Addanki is a well connected with all major cities and towns via road due to its geographical position between Guntur (70 km) , Ongole(36 km) and Chilakaluripet (44 km) and Narasaraopet (50 km). It has better connectivity to Hyderabad via SH12 and thus saves the distance of 102 km on the Chennai – Ongole - Miryalaguda – Hyderabad route compared to the route via NH5.

Railway[edit]

The nearest railway stations to addanki is Ongole Railway Station which is at 38.6 km distance and another railway station Narasaraopet Railway Station which is at 51 km distance.

 

CHIMAKURTHY

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Chimakurthy is a town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Chimakurthi mandal in Ongole revenue division[2]

CHIRALA

Chirala (About this soundpronunciation (help·info)) also known as Kshirapuri is a town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Chirala mandal in Ongole revenue division.[4][5]As of 2011 census of India, it had a population of 87,200. It is also known as 'SMALL BOMBAY' or 'MINI MUMBAI' of South India where textiles and hand-loom are famous till date. It is also one of the main producers of Cashew Nuts in different varieties and are exported across the world. Chirala is also famous tourist spot for beach resorts, Vodarevu beach is just 6 kilo meter's away.

Geography[edit]

The coordinates of the town are 15.8246°N 80.3521°E and is located at an altitude of 3 m (9.8 ft) from the coast of Bay of Bengal.[2]

Climate

The town experiences tropical climate with the average annual temperature records at 28.5 °C (83.3 °F). Hot summers and cool winters are observed due to its proximity to the coast of Bay of Bengal. It receives both South west monsoon and North-east monsoon as well. The precipitation is very high with an annual rainfall of about 200 millimetres (8 in) and the month of October receives a maximum rainfall of 197 millimetres (8 in).[7]

Governance[edit]

Municipal office

Chirala Municipality is the civic governing body of the town. It is a first grade municipality, constituted on 1 April 1948 and has a jurisdictional area of 13.57 km2 (5.24 sq mi) with 33 election wards.[1][8] The present municipal commissioner of the town is P.Sreenivasa Rao.[9] The constituents of Chirala urban agglomeration include, Chirala Municipality, census towns of Chirala, Vetapalem; out growths of Ipurupalem , and Kothapeta.[10]

Economy[edit]

Chirala Beach

Handloom weaving industry is one of the main occupation the town.[11]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census of India, the town had a population of 92,942 with 23,070 households. It shows 2.04% growth in population, compared to 2001 Census of India which was recorded as 85,455.[12] The total population constitute, 42,927 males and 44,273 females —a sex ratio of 1031 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[13] 8,389 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 4,253 are boys and 4,136 are girls —a ratio of 973 girls per 1000 boys. The average literacy rate stands at 78.80% with 62,099 literates, higher than the national average of 73.00%.[4][14]

The urban agglomeration population of Chirala is 162,471.[6][15]

Transport[edit]

See also=> Chirala railway station

Chirala railway station main entrance

The town is also well connected with National and state highways. The National Highway 214A passes through the town, which connects Digamarru and Ongole.[16] State Highway 48, also referred as Guntur-Bapatla-Chirala Road connects the town with Guntur.[17] State Highway 45 connects it with Piduguralla, which passes through Narasaraopet and Chilakaluripet.[18] Public transport includes, the buses operated by state run APSRTCservices. Chirala railway station is an A–Category station in Vijayawada Railway Division of South Central Railway zone. It is located on the Howrah-Chennai main line of Indian Railways.[19]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[20][21] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

GIDDALUR

NAGAR PANCHAYATH.

Giddaluru is a census town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Giddaluru mandal in Markapur revenue division.[3]

Geography[edit]

Giddalur is Located in prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh on the Ongole - Nandyal Highway. Giddalur is located at 15.3500°N 78.9167°E.[4]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Giddalur has population of 35,150 of which 17,728 are males while 17,422 are females. Average Sex Ratio is of 983 against state average of 993. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 3445 which is 9.80% of total population of Giddaluru. Child Sex Ratio in Giddaluru is around 971 compared to Andhra Pradesh state average of 939. Literacy rate of Giddaluru city is 79.71% higher than state average of 67.02%.[5]

as per survey it was found so many jawaans are there from giddalur .

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[6][7] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Sports[edit]

The primary and secondary school education and sports is imparted by government, aided and private schools, So many Army candidates are from the Giddalur. Having Good Volleyball Team in Surrounding Areas.

Industries[edit]

A few ice cream factories are set up around the town giddalur nearby to the town in the place called ramanna kathuva a few people are planning to set up oil factory in the village chinaganipalli which came under giddalur constution.

 

KANDUKUR

Kandukur Assembly constituency is a constituency of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative AssemblyIndia. It is one of twelve constituencies in the Prakasham district.[1]

It is part of the Nellore Lok Sabha constituency along with another six Vidhan Sabha segments=> KavaliAtmakurKovuruNellore CityNellore Rural and Udayagiri in the Nellore district.

The constituency covers 5 Mandals including Municipality(Town) GudluruLingasamudramKandukurUlavapaduVoletivaripalem and Kandukur Municipality.

Town[edit]

Kandukur Municipality[edit]

Kandukur Municipality. The Kandukur city is divided into 22 wards, total administration over 13,934 houses for which elections are held every 5 years. The Kandukur Municipality has population of 57,246 of which 28,644 are males while 28,602 are females as per report released by Census India 2011.

KANIGIRI

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Kanigiri is a census town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of kanigiri mandal in Kandukur revenue division.[3][4]

Etymology[edit]

The name is a vernacular transformation of Kanakagiri (Kanaka = gold and Giri = Hill).[5] In olden times it was said that the town adjoining the hill was called Kanakapatnam.

Geography and climate[edit]

Kanigiri has a tropical climate, specifically a tropical wet and dry climate (Aw) under the Köppen climate classification, Kanigiri is located near the coast of the Bay of Bengal. The town is surrounded by the range of Eastern Ghats. It has an average elevation of 101 metres (334 feet), and enjoys a hot climate for most of the year.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census, the total population of the Kanigiri was 37,420, of which male population constitutes 18,886 and female population of 18,534. It has a literacy rate of 77.55 percent. The population under six years of age are 4,065.

Administration[edit]

Kanigiri is also declared as Municipality during 2013-2014 and also a constituency.

Civic services[edit]

Drinking water

Residents depended on monsoon rains for drinking water; currently, water from the reservoir Nagarjuna Sagar Dam via pumplines reaches the town through a plant near Doruvu.

The first cases of endemic skeletal fluorosis (and its neurological signs) in the world were recorded in the PodiliDarsi and Kanigiri areas of Andhra Pradesh in 1937.[6]

Politics[edit]

Kadiri Baburao has won the 2014 Andhra Pradesh Assembly elections from TDP.

Transport[edit]

Kanigiri is connected by road to all other cities in Andhra Pradesh by Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport CorporationNational Highway 565 passes through Kanigiri, which coonects Hyderabad and Yerpedu.[7] Kanigiri is well connected by Road to all major cities in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Kanigiri RTC Depot runs dially services to Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, Karimnagar, Warangal, Bangalore, Chennai all this bus runs in schedule timings form morning to night.

Nearest Railway station is - Markapur Road—60 km far. Ongole is 80 km. Singarayakonda - 65 km;A new Railway Station is Coming up in Kanigiri under the new railway line Project of Nadikudi–Srikalahasti section ; Nearest Airport - Vijayawada (Gannavaram) airport- 220 km. Hyderabad International Airport 330 km. Chennai International Airport - 350 km.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[8][9]

 

MARKAPUR

Markapuram is a town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Markapur mandal in Markapur revenue division. It is located around the Nallamala Hills.[3] As of 2011 the town had a population of 1,40,000[4].

Geography[edit]

Markapuram is located at 15.73°N 79.28°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 145 metres (476 ft).

Transport[edit]

Markapuram is located on the Ananthapur - Amaravathi Express Highway.This is near from Kurnool than Ongole around 90 km and also near by Nandyal.[6] It is a part of the Guntur division of South Central Railwaydivision. The railway line from Vijayawada to Guntakal passes through this station.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[7][8] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English and Telugu.

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