Nellore is a city and district headquarters of Nellore district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located on the banks of Penna River and is the fourth most populous city in the state.
A mythological story from Sthala Purana depicts, a lingam in the form of a stone under nelli tree. The place gradually became Nelli-ooru ("Nelli" in Telugu stands for emblica Tree and ooru in Telugu stands for place) and then to present day Nellore.
Nellore had been under the rule of Cholas, Pallavas, pandyas, Maurya Dynasty, Kharavela of Chedi dynasty, Satavahanas, Kakatiyas, Eastern Gangas of Kalinga Empire, Vijayanagara Empire, Arcot Nawabs and other dynasties.
Nellore existed from the times of the Cholas ruled by Rajendra Chola I under Tanjavur Mauryan empire and was ruled by Ashoka in the 3rd century B.C. Nellore was conquered by the Rulers of the Pallava Dynasty and it was under their till the 6th century AD, subsequently the Chola rulers ruled Nellore for a long period of time. The Telugu Cholas met their decline in the 13th Century.Tamil inscriptions indicate that it formed part of Chola kingdom till their decline in the thirteenth century AD It later became a part of Kakatiyas, Vijayanagara Empire, Sultanate of Golconda, Mughal Empire and Arcot Nawabdom. In the 18th century, Nellore was taken over by the British from the Arcot Nawabs and was part of the Madras Presidency of British India.
The city had an important role in the emergence of the Telugu language and the formation of the state of Andhra Pradesh. Potti Sriramulu, who fasted until death for the formation of Andhra Pradesh, hailed from Nellore.
The climate of Nellore city is a typical tropical maritime climate, with hot, humid summers and mild winters. April and May are the hottest months and the hot conditions generally last until the end of the June. December, January and February are the coolest months. As the Bay of Bengal is at a distance of 24 kilometres (15 mi) from the city, the sea breeze renders the climate of the city moderate both in winter and in summer. Humidity level in the city is high due to its proximity to the coast. Nellore does not receive the south-west monsoon. Rainfall in Nellore occurs between the months of October and December due to the north-east monsoon. This period gives about 60 percent of the city's annual rainfall. Cyclones are common in the city during this period, causing floods and havoc.
The maximum temperature is 36 to 46 °C (97 to 115 °F) during summer and the minimum temperature is 23 to 25 °C (73 to 77 °F) during winter. The rainfall ranges from 700 to 1,000 mm (28 to 39 in) through South West and North East Monsoons. Nellore is subject both to droughts and to floods based on the seasons.
Tikkana Park in Nellore
Nellore Municipal Corporation was constituted as a municipality on 1 November 1866 by the Madras District Municipality Act. It was upgraded to corporation on 18 October 2004 and has a jurisdictional area of 150.48 km2(58.10 sq mi) with 54 wards. In 2013, fifteen gram panchayats namely, Allipuram, Ambhapuram, Buja Buja Nellore, Chinthareddypalem, Gudupallipadu, Gundlapalem, Kallurupalli, Kanaparthypadu, Kodurupadu, Narayanareddypeta, Navalakulathota, Nellore Bit-I (Kothuru), Peddacherukuru, Pottipalem, Vavilatepadhu were merged into the municipal corporation. Present mayor of the city is Abdul Aziz.
The city is one among the 31 cities in the state to be a part of water supply and sewerage services mission known as Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT).
Nellore is represented by Nellore City assembly constituency and Nellore Rural assembly constituency for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Anil Kumar Poluboina is the present MLA of Nellore City assembly constituency representing YSRCP. Kotamreddy Sridhar Reddy is the present MLA of Nellore Rural assembly constituency representing YSRCP. Nedurumalli janardhan reddy former chief minister of combined andhra pradesh hails from this place.
Agriculture in Nellore—rice paddy fields
Certain industries like Nippo batteries factory, Apache leather shoes factory etc. have their presence. Proximity to the sea and fertile land towards the east have led to agriculture and aquaculture to prosper. The most productive is the Shrimp culturing.
Nellore water tank
The annual Rottela Panduga/Rotiyaan ki Eid is an annual urs event celebrated at the Bara Shaheed Dargah(shrine of twelve martyrs) on the banks of Swarnala Cheruvu. The event got its name after the practice of exchanging rotis(flat breads) and attracts visitors from all religious backgrounds every year . It is also the home for various temples. Famous temples such as Sri Ranganayaka Swamy Temple exist in the heart of the city. Nellore has got many clubs such as Rotary club where one can spend time reading newspapers or playing board games. Nellore is famous for a dish made out of fish known as 'Nellore chepala (fish) pulusu'.
A 12,000 acre Special Economic Zone (SEZ) is being set up in the vicinity of the port by the Krishnapatnam Infratech Private Limited, a special purpose vehicle set up by KPCL. The SEZ entails an investment of \u20b96,000 crores and is expected to create 30,000 direct employments. The SEZ is being designed by Mahindra Engineering and is to be a multi-product SEZ.
National Highway 16 at Nellore
Nellore Railway Station
Local transport in the city include, two, three and four wheelers. Of these, privately operated auto rickshaws accounts to around 6,000, dominating most part of the city for local commuting. Nellore bus station of the city operates district and long distance services. Nellore is classified as an A grade and Adarsh station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone. The city also has three small railway stations namely, Nellore South, Vedayapalem. and Padugupadu railway station The Southern Railway operates MEMUs for commuting between Nellore and Chennai Central. There is also a proposal to build a no frills airport for the city.
The city has a total road length of 1,189.95 km (739.40 mi). The proposed Outer Ring Road, existing arterial and internal roads helps reduce traffic congestion. The city is connected with major National highways such as, National Highway 16, a part of Asian Highway 45 and Golden Quadrilateral, bypasses the city.
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state. The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu. Narayana medical college, venkata raja college(vrc) are famous and prestigious institutions. Narayana educational institutions have first started here. It's home for so many intermediate colleges which attracts students from kadapa and chittor districts.
Zaminryot newspaper and Lawyer weekly newspaper are based out of Nellore. In addition, Eenadu,Vaartha AndhraJyothy and Sakshi newspapers are also printing local editions in Nellore. Deccan Chronicle has also launched their Nellore edition in April 2003 and it is the first English paper to be published from Nellore.
Atmakur Assembly constituency is a constituency of the Andhra\u2005Pradesh\u2005Legislative\u2005Assembly, India. It is one of 10 constituencies in the Nellore\u2005district.
As of 2011 census of India, the town had a population of 116,330. The total population constitute, 57,680 males, 58,650 females and 11,659 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 64.60% with 75,205 literates.
The climate here is tropical. The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. This location is classified as Aw by Köppen and Geiger. In Gudur, the average annual temperature is 29.2 °C. About 1025 mm of precipitation falls annually.
The municipality was established in the year 1954. Its jurisdictional area covers 9.14 km2 (3.53 sq mi). The urban agglomeration of the town consists of Gudur municipality and its out growths. The out growths include Guduru (east), Guduru (west), Chennuru–II, Nellatur, Chillakur.
Gudur is a part of Gudur (SC) (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Pasim Sunil Kumar is the present MLA of the constituency from TDP (recently joined back). In 8 April 2016 he is joined in TDP without resign from YSR Congress Party. It is also a part of Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency). P.Gopinath is the municipal commissioner of the city and Ponaka Devasena is the Municipal Chair Person.
Gudur Junction railway station
National Highway 16 passes through the town, which connects Kolkata and Chennai. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Gudur bus station. Gudur Junction is a major railway junction, which connects Howrah-Chennai main line and Renigunta branch line. It is classified as an A–category station and recognised as an Adarsh station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. The medium of instruction followed by different schools are Telugu and English.
Lemon business is the most unbeaten business in Gudur. Gudur's lemon market is one of the big lemon markets in Andhra Pradesh. The lemon market is located at Gudur 2 town on the way of Chennur. Gudur and the surrounding villages' farmers mostly prefer to farm lemon trees. They export lemons around the country and also to other countries. Usually lemon sales are in two ways in Gudur, i.e Pieces and Bundles (contains more than 1000 lb). And when we talk about price, it is totally based on the season and demand. It varies from day to day.
Mica is the 2nd successful business in Gudur.
Mica Belts around Gudur considers as 2nd biggest in India. Mica belts covering nearly 1000sp. km around Gudur. The following are the types of Mica found in Gudur i.e. Quartz, Feldspar, Muscovite and Vermiculite.
One of the first firms to start mica trading at a large scale was Laxmi Mica Industries - Gudur under the leadership of Late Sri Lal Khatuwala (http=>//khatuwalagroup.com/). The largest deposit of Mica in India was at Koderma, Jharkhand. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kodarma) and second largest was at Gudur. At a time when there was 19 mica mines, Laxmi Mica Industries was having contract to outright purchase all the stocks from 18 mines. The two firms Birdhichand Bansidhar and Laxmi Mica Industries were the largest mica export companies of India.
Some of the other mica firms were=> Micamin Exports - Gudur Premier Mica Company - Gudur Microfine Mica Company - Gudur Micafab - Gudur Krishna Mica Company - Gudur Yashoda Krishna Mica Mining Co. - Gudur Venkatagiri Raja Mining Co. - Gudur KHR Mica company - Gudur
Aquaculture is also one of the successful business in Gudur, There are many Prawn Ponds are located around Gudur. Usually two main types of prawn forms being done, those are Scampi and Tiger Prawns, water and weather in this area are suitable to mainly these two types. Prawn exports around India and also some other countries from Gudur
Kavali is a town in Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh of India. It is one of the major towns in Andhra Pradesh, and the second largest town in the district. It is the second most populous city located at Nellore district. It is Grade-1 Municipality.
Kavali is also known as Kanakapatnam, meaning wealth will flow into this place.' This was coined by Potuluri Veerabrahmendra Swami. In the local language it means patrol. This name arises from the fact that in 1515, the Udayagiri king Harihara Rayulu stationed his army at this town.
Kavali is located at 14.913001°N 79.992921°E. It has an average elevation of 17 metres (56 ft). Kavali is the second biggest city in Nellore District of Andhra Pradesh State, India. Kavali is 8 km from the Bay of Bengal.Government is planning to have a separate district by pulling few mandals from Prakasam and few from Nellore Districts. This is the long lasting proposal and will be closed very shortly.
As of 2011 Census of India, the city had a population of 1,50,333. The total population is 75,206 males, 75,127 females and children(in the age group of 0–6 years). The average literacy rate stands at 81.09% with 60,497 literates significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%. It is Grade-1 Municipality
Kavali is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. Kavali parliamentary constituency came into existence in 1962 and was lost in 1977. Now it is a part of the Nellore parliament constituency. The reference is Kavali (Assembly constituency)
Kavali Railway Station
National Highway 16, a part of Golden Quadrilateral highway network, bypasses the city. Kavali railway station is located on Howrah-Chennai main line. It is classified as a B–category station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone. NH 5 passes through the city. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Kavali bus station. The Nearest Sea Port is Ramayyapatnam port.
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu. Visvodaya a group of institutions, Visvodaya Boys High school, Visvodaya Girls High school and Visvodaya preparatory school and Bezawada Gopal Reddy School of Fine Arts were established in 100 acres of land by Mr.Doddla Ramachandra Reddy - Recotor of institutions. Many eminent scholars like Peddada Rama Swamy, S V Bhujangaraya Sarma, Janamdhi Hanumanth Sastri, Kowta Rammohan Sastri, Vempati Chinna Satyam to name few were worked in these institutions in various capacities. Some of the good schools include St Anns English medium high school and St Mary's Public School which is spread across multiple acres and provides quality education for the patrons.
Naidupeta Railway station
ullurupeta is a town in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is a municipality and also the mandal headquarters of Sullurpeta mandal. It serves as a gateway to Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota. Sullurupeta is famous for Chengallamma Temple probably built in 10th century.
V Epiq in Sullurpeta is the Asia's largest and world third largest cinema screen. it is 106 feet width and has 670 seating capacity. the complex will have two more screens with 170 seats each. One of them will have Dolby Atmos advanced 3D surround sound with woofers fixed to every seat for a more mind-blowing experience. Apart from this, there will be an all-terrain vehicle track for the entertainment of the visitors. cost is Rs 40 crores and in seven and a half acres.
As of 2011 Census of India, Sullurupeta had a population of 27,504. The total population constitute, 12,955 males and 14,549 females —a sex ratio of 1123 females per 1000 males. 2,612 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 1,330 are boys and 1,282 are girls —a ratio of 964 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 83.64% with 20,819 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.. Telugu is the official language spoken by the people of sullurpeta. But, Sullurpeta consists of small amount of Tamil minority people at chengalamma temple provinces and at Shar quarters. Since it's only the town near to the borders of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
Venkatagiri is a town in Nellore district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and mandals headquarters of Venkatagiri mandal. Venkatagiri's old name is "Kali Mili". It is famous for its Handloom Cotton Sarees. Venkatagiri is a place for history and handlooms. It was part of a small kingdom that was integrated into the Indian Republic.
Vekatagiri was originally known as Kalimilli till 17th century and was ruled by Gobburi Polygars under Vijaynagar Empire. They were defeated by Recherla Venkatadri Naidu, Nayak of Madurantakam and the nephew of Raja of Velugodu, another vassal under Venkatapathi Raya II of Aravidu dynasty of Vijayanagar. The village was renamed as Venkatagiri. By mid 17th century the Velogothi rulers shifted their capital to Venkatagiri and it lasted as a Zamindari till independence. It was located between two rivers I.e kaivalya river and godderu river.
As of 2001 India census, Venkatagiri Mandal had a population of 80,000. Venkatagiri Rural consists of 58 Revenue Villages. Venkatagiri became municipality in 6-1-2005 by merging Venkatagiri, ChevireddiPalli, Periyavaram, Bangarupet, Ammavaripet and Manulalapet Panchayats.Total population of municipality is 52,478. Venkatagiri has an average literacy rate of 67%,higher than the national average of 59.5%. Total area of municipality is 23.50 km2.
See also=> Venkatagiri Sari
Venkatagiri Sari woven in and around the town is one of the geographical indication from Andhra Pradesh and got registered by Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.
Venkatagiri falls under Venkatagiri (Assembly constituency) of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. It is in turn a part of Tirupati (Lok Sabha constituency). Neduramalli Janrdhan Reddy, Ex-CM of AP was represented as MLA from Venkatagiri AC from 1989-1994 & his wife Neduramalli RajayaLakshmi, Ex-Education minister of AP from 2004-2009, 2014 - till date Kurugondla Ramakrishna of Telugu Desam Party.
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu. AP Residential School, RVM High School, RVRKY ZP Girls High School, AP Residential Junior College, IIHT, Visvodaya govt college and ESS Degree colleges are very old institutes in Venkatagiri Town. There is also a Central government school in venkatagiri, Kendriya Vidhyalaya.