WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - KURNOOL,KURNOOL WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - ADONI,KURNOOL WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - ALLAGADDA,KURNOOL WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - ATMAKUR,KURNOOL WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - DHONE,KURNOOL WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - GUDUR,KURNOOL WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - NANDIKOTKUR,KURNOOL WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - NANDYAL,KURNOOL WALTP - The Welfare Association Of Licensed Techinical Persons - YEMMIGANUR,KURNOOL
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districts in the state of Andhra PradeshIndia. The district is located in the west-central part of the state and is bounded by Mahabubnagar district of Telangana in the north, Raichur districtof Karnataka in the northwest, Bellary district of Karnataka in the west, Ananthapur district in the south, YSR Kadapa district in the South East and Prakasham district in the east. The city of Kurnool is the headquarters of the district. It has a population of 4,053,463 of which 28.35% were urban as of 2011. The district is the 10th largest district in the country and the second-largest district in the state,[2] accounting for 17,658 square kilometres (6,818 sq mi).

 

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Municipalities
KURNOOL

Kurnool is the headquarters of Kurnool district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[5] The city is often referred as The Gateway of Rayalaseema.[6] It was the capital of Andhra State from 1 October 1953 to 31 October 1956. As of 2011 census, it is the fifth most populous city in the state with a population of 460,184.[7][8]

Etymology[edit]

The name Kurnool is derived from Kandanavooru or Kandanavolu. The name Kandanavolu is combination of Kandana and voluKandana means grease. During the days when Bullock Cart is a form of transport, bullock cart riders used to stop on the banks of Tungabhadra River to apply grease to the bullock cart wheels before crossing the river. Hence the name 'Kandanavolu'.[9] Later the name formerly Kandanavolu changed to Kandanavooru, and then gradually to Kurnool.

Geography and climate[edit]

Location[edit]

Kurnool is located at 15.8333°N 78.05°E.[16] It has an average elevation of 273 metres (898 feet).

Kurnool lies on the banks of the Tungabhadra River. The Hundri and Neeva rivers also flow through the city. The K.C.Canal (Kurnool–Cuddapah) was built by the Dutch for transportation, but later used for irrigation.

Cityscape[edit]

Front View of Kondareddy Buruju.

Landmarks in and around the city include Konda Reddy Fort Formerly called Kondareddy Burj is the Historical Monuement and Major Tourist Attraction of Kurnool located at the north east part of the city.[17] Orvakal rock Garderns is the Sculpture Garden with Ancient cave lies on the South East of the city.[18] Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary is a noted wildlife and bird sanctuary that lies in the vicinity of Kurnool, about 45 km away. It attracts lot of visitors from neighbouring states of Telangana, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. [19]

 

Gumbad is one the oldest historical monuments located on the banks of Hundri River.

Climate[edit]

The climate is tropical with temperatures ranging from 26 °C (78.8 °F) to 46 °C (114.8 °F) in the summer and 12 °C (53.6 °F) to 31 °C (87.8 °F) in the winter. The average annual rainfall is about 705 millimetres (28 in).

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per final data of 2011 census, Kurnool urban agglomeration had a population of 484,327, making it the fifth largest city in the state of Andhra Pradesh[22].

Literacy[edit]

Literacy in Kurnool[23]
         
All

77.37%
Male

83.01%
Female

71.24%

The literacy rate of Kurnool was 77.37 per cent at the time of the 2011 census.

Religion[edit]

Others include Sikhs & Parsis

Religion in Kurnool[24]
Religion     Percent  
Hinduism

67.19%
Islam

29.21%
Christianity

2.49%
Others

1.11%

As per final data of 2011 census, Hindus formed the majority in the Kurnool urban agglomeration. Other religious groups found in Kurnool are MuslimsChristiansSikhs and Parsees.

Politics[edit]

Shri S.V. Mohan Reddy currently holds the MLA position for Kurnool Assembly,[25] where as Ms. Butta Renuka holds the MP position and represents Kurnool constituency at the Lok Sabha[26]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by Government, aided and private schools of the School Education Department of the state.[27][28] Pre-schools by Anganwadi Centers of ICDS Dept.

The city has some of the famous institutions for both engineering and medical degrees like Kurnool Medical College (KMC), Pulla Reddy Engineering College etc. The city is having a state famous institution - Silver Jubilee College, established by the Govt. of AP in the year 1972.

Transport[edit]

Roads[edit]

Kurnool is well connected by road with Hyderabad and BengaluruNational Highway 44 (India) connects Kurnool to Hyderabad. The State Highway 51 connects to SrisailamVinukondaGunturVijayawadaNational Highway 40 (India) (new numbering) runs from Kurnool to Chittoor are the major highways passing through the city. The city has a total road length of 519.22 km[29] State owned bus transport system, APSRTC, operates buses from Kurnool bus station to other parts of the state.[30][31]

Railways[edit]

Kurnool railway station lies on the Hyderabad – Bengaluru railway line. It is classified as an A–category station in the Hyderabad railway division of South Central Railway zone.

Airport[edit]

The Ministry of Civil Aviation has proposed to develop Kurnool Airport, a greenfield airport near Orvakal, 25 km from Kurnool city. The airport opened on 8-jan-2019 Airport built on 1,110 acres of land at a cost of Rs. 234 crores and is projected to be commercial enclave by April 2019.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Kurnool is endowed with good mineral resources. The important minerals are Iron ore, dolomite, limestone, ochre, quartz and silica.[32]

Notable People[edit]

• Kotla Vijayabhaskara Reddy, Ex- Chief Minister, Andhra Pradesh.

 

ADONI

Adoni is a city in the Kurnool district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Adoni mandal, administered under the Adoni Revenue Division.[5][6] In the 2011 census of India, Adoni had a population of 166,537, making it the 16th most populous city in the state with an urban agglomeration population of 184,771.[3] it doesn't have internet electricity and cabel connection [4]

History[edit]

The Adoni fort is central to the town's history. In 1780, an observer wrote,

"Adoni is situated upon three mountains which are united; it has a range of irregular fortifications, piled one over the other. To maintain it requires a garrison of 30,000 men. The fortifications upon the mountains are often weak...To the south of Adoni, a large plain, to the north there are mountains, obnoxious from their nearness, to the east there are other mountains. To the west there are also mountains and this part is the weakest."[7]

In the 15th century and early to mid 16th century, Adoni was a fort town of the Vijayanagara Empire. It was controlled by the kinsmen of Aliya Rama Raya, a powerful aristocrat of the Vijayanagara.[8]

In 1558, during the decline of the Vijayanagara Empire, control of Adoni came to Ali Adil Shah I (1558–1579), the fifth Sultan of the Bijapur Sultanate.[9] Hamilton, in 1820, stated,

"It [Adoni at this time] stood at the top of a high hill, and contained within its walls many tanks and fountains of pure water with numerous princely structures."[10]

In 1564, the Sultanate of Bijapur lost control of Adoni to Mohammedan rulers.[10]

From 1678 to 1688, rule of Adoni lay with Siddi Masud, a wealthy Habshi (African) from Abyssinia[11] who was a powerful general of Raja Anup Singh of Bikaner,[12][13][14] Siddi Masud improved the fort; cleared the surrounding forest; established the townships of Imatiazgadh and Adilabad and constructed the Shahi Jamia Masjid.[15] Siddi Masud was also an avid art collector and a patron of the Kurnool school of painting.[16] In 1688, Adoni was attacked by Firuz Jang, a Mughal general. Siddi Musud surrendered with his courtiers and family.[17]

At the fall of the Mughal Empire, around 1760, Adoni was ruled by governors appointed by the Nizam of Hyderabad, a Mughal splinter clan. One such governor was Salabat Jung, brother of the Nizam.[18] The French supported the appointment. However,

"Salabat Jung was very mild by disposition and neither Bussy nor Dupleix rated his intelligence highly. In fact, Dupleix went to the extent of cal ling him a duffer."[19]

In 1786, Adoni was besieged for one month and then captured by Tipu Sultan of the Kingdom of Mysore of South India.[7](p56) On 4 May 1799, Tipu Sultan died at the hands of the English.[20] On 15 June 1800, Arthur WellesleyMarquess of Wellington, wrote to the resident at Hyderabad about appropriate reparations to the Nizam for English occupation of Adoni.[21] Adoni became one of twenty taluqs and in 1810, the Adoni and Nagaldinna taluqs were combined.[22] In1817 Adoni, at the beginning of the Third Anglo-Maratha War, the British raised a new battalion from other nearby regiments.[23][24] By 1842, the military had left Adoni because of the perception that the area was susceptible to cholera and because of the unfavourable rugged surrounding geography.[25] Under British rule, South India was divided into several administrative districts. Adoni fell into the district of Bellary of Madras presidency. On 29 April 1861, the acting district engineer of Kurnool wrote to the chief secretary to government at Fort St George,

"North and by east of Bellary, on the Hyderabad road, the only important town is Adoni; it contains a very large population of Mussulmen, and is a place of considerable trade and manufacture."[26]

In 1867, the Adoni and the Bellary Municipal Councils were created.[27] Between 1876 and 1878, a severe El Nino famine affected Adoni and the surrounding areas where nearly one third of the population died.[28] In 1953, after the linguistic reorganisation of the states, Adoni gained its present seat as part of Andhra Pradesh.

Geography[edit]

Adoni is located at 15.63°N 77.28°E.[29] It has an average elevation of 435 metres (1,427 ft) above sea level. The climate is mainly tropical, with temperatures from 31 °C to 45 °C in summer and 21 °C to 29 °C in winter. The soil is black and red. There are large limestone deposits suitable for cement and minerals such as copper, lead, zinc and in some places, diamonds.[30]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Adoni
Religion     Percent  
Hindus

55.02%
Muslims

45.49%
Christians

1.27%
Others†

0.42%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

The 2011 Census, recorded a population of 166,537. The total population constituted 82,743 males and 83,794 females. These numbers produced a gender ratio of 1013 females per 1000 males, which was higher than the national average of 940 per 1000.[3][31] In the same year, 18,406 children were between 0 and 6 years of age. In this group, 9,355 were boys and 9,051 were girls, giving a gender ratio of 968 per 1000. The average literacy rate was 68.38 percent with 101,292 literate people. This number was significantly lower than the national average of 73 percent.[3][32]

The urban agglomeration had a population of 184,771, of which 92,006 were male and 92,765 were female, giving a gender ratio of 1008 females per 1000 males. Children aged 0 to 6 years numbered 20,517. There were 112,151 literate people giving an average literacy rate of 68.28 percent.[4]

Telugu is an official language of the city. Kannada is the third largest spoken language in the city, second being Urdu.[33][34]

Economy[edit]

Adoni is a large producer of cotton and has a substantial ginning and textile industry. The next most important industry is groundnut oil.[35] Adoni is an important trading centre in Andhra Pradesh with a large market situated in the centre of the town.[35]

Landmarks[edit]

Rock formations at Adoni Hills

Shahi Jamia Masjid, Adoni

Historical Adoni Fort[36] and Shahi Jamia Masjid[37] built in 1660 by Siddi Masud are some of the notable landmarks around the city. Sri Rama Jala is also one of the famous historical landmarks. Now it provides water for the town and also has a pump house. The historic Sri Ranamandla konda is located adjacent to Adoni fort.

Transport[edit]

Adoni Railway Station

Road[edit]

APSRTC operates buses from the Adoni bus station.[38] In addition, many private buses operate between Adoni and major cities like Hyderabad, Bangalore, and Vijaywada.

Rail[edit]

The Adoni railway station and its connections were built during British rule in 1870 [39] and is now a part of the South Central Railway on the Solapur-Guntakal line which is part of Chennai-Mumbai line.

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is administered by the government and supplemented by private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[40][41] The language of instruction followed by schools are English ,Telugu, Kannada and Urdu

Degree Colleges names they are 1.The Adoni Arts and Science College 2.Sai Degree College 3.Dr.Jyothirmayi Degree College.

Engineering College name is Bheema Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) .

 

ALLAGADDA

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Allagadda Town is a Municipality in Kurnool district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Allagadda Municipality.[3] It is located 112 km from Kurnool on National Highway 40 (India).

Geography[edit]

Allagadda is situated on the bank of river Vakkileru. It is located 118 km from Kurnool, heading to Kadapa. Allagadda is on Rayalaseema Express Highway. The highway was transformed into four lanes. The famous Temple Tirupathi is 228 km from there. The nearest railway station is Nandyal. Nearest Airport is Kadapa_Airport.

History[edit]

Allagadda was initially named Avulagadda (Avula means cows and Gadda means place). It was so named because there were once a large number of cows in the area. While the people called it "Aavulagadda", the British understood it as "Allagadda" and so the name was understood as Allagadda.

Ahobilam is one of the most famous historic temples Lord Narasimha Swami Temple which is very near to Allagadda (22 km approximately). There are two Ahobilams, one is Lower Ahobilam and other is Higher Ahobilam which is located 8 km from Lower Ahobilam. The deity is in a cave and very beautiful place to visit and also a newly opened Gayatri temple near Kadapa road by the all town Brahmin Sangam.[4]

Allagadda is famous for stone art (sculpture) and Daru Shilpam (wooden sculpture) in India. The traditional sculptors from this town are Mahasilpi Durugadda Balaveerachri (1926–1986), who won the award in First world Telugu conferences in 1975 and facilitated in Andhra Pradesh Rajatotsav celebrations in 1983. Another famous traditional sculptor was Durugadda Ramachari (1935–2008) who served as a professor in Telugu University.

The main contribution of Allagadda traditional sculptors are mainly Mahanandi Ramalayam (the ceiling in the mandapa and Garbhagriha the exceptional work of art of them), Srisailam Bhramarambha Gudi, Chagalamarry Ammavarisala, Ramalayam at Brahamgari Matam (situated in Kadapa District) etc., in almost all those places you can find their portraits carved on the pillars by themselves, their tradition was of Vijayanagara style. There are so many chances for development in stones industries and sculpting is one of the great art of Allagadda but no one is trying to give assistance for the people who are living on this art. Currently, around 60 firms are in the sculpture carving industry and growing more.

The current major project of Allagadda sculptors is Buddhavanam at Nagarjunasagar, this project is based on Amaravathi stupa and sculpture. This is the biggest project ever done from Allagadda sculptors.

Politics[edit]

2014 - Bhuma Akhila Priya Reddy (YSRCP MOVED TO TDP) (unanimously elected [DOC 24.10.2014])

ATMAKUR

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Atmakur is a town in the Kurnool district of Andhra PradeshIndia.[2]

DHONE

NAGAR PANCHAYATH 

Dhone or Dronachalam is a town in Kurnool district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a Municipality located in Dhone mandal.[3]

History[edit]

Dhone was formerly known as Dronachalam.[4] Dhone is one of the biggest municipalities in Kurnool district. According to local tradition, the name of the village is derived from the name of the tutor Dronacharya, a character in Mahabharatha, who meditated on the hill in village. There is now a Hanuman temple, Dargah and church on the hill. Dhone has large deposits of high quality limestone, and it was previously the site of an active quarry. The quarry is no longer in operation. The oldest temple in Dhone is Sri Vasavi Temple, which was constructed in 1916. The Vasavi Temple celebrated 100 at the year 2017.

Governance[edit]

Civic Administration

The municipality was established in the year 2005 and has an extent of 9.85 km2 (3.80 sq mi). During 2010–2011 period, total expenditure per annum was \u20b9431 crore (US$60 million), while the total income generated per annum was \u20b9515 crore (US$72 million).[5] The municipality provided 798 public taps, 186 bore-wells, length of 106.28 km (66.04 mi) roads, 1551 street lights, a park, public market, elementary and secondary schools etc.[6]

Politics

Dhone is represented by Dhone (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Buggana Rajendranath is the present MLA of the constituency representing YSRCP.[7][8] Sri Kotla Vijaya Bhaskar Reddy (peddayana) elected as CM for Andhra Pradesh represent Dhone constituency.

Transport[edit]

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Dhone bus station.[9] Dhone Junction railway station is located in Guntakal railway division of the South Central Railway zone. Dhone has bus station situated near National Highway 44. Dhone railway station is the biggest railway station in Kurnool district.

Education[edit]

Dhone is one of the biggest town in education sector in Kurnool District. There are 4 Degree Colleges, 2 PG colleges ,Govt ITI College, DIET,B.ed colleges and number of small schools. AP CM Chandrababu Naidu also planning to setup Mining College in Dhone.

 

GUDUR

NAGAR PANCHAYATH

Gudur, Kurnool district is a village and a Mandal in Kurnool district in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India.[2]The town was upgraded from Gram panchayat to Nagar panchayat on 23 June 2011.[3]

NANDIKOTKUR

Nandikotkur is a town and mandal in Kurnool district of Andhra PradeshIndia.

Geography[edit]

Nandikotkur is located at 15.8667°N 78.2667°E.[2] It has an average elevation of 292 meters (961 feet). The nearest river is Krishna river.

Nandikotkur is a mandal (equivalent to county or borough), located 27 km from Kurnool district in Andhra Pradesh. It serves as a major transit point connecting important cities including Kurnool and Guntur. The route to Srisailam from Kurnool also traverses through Nandikotkur. The legend says that Nandikotkur is surrounded by nine nandi statues (bulls) and hence this place was earlier called NavaNandikotkur and now this is called Nandikotkur. Handri Neeva Canal which provides irrigation water to Kurnool, Anantapur, Kadapa and Chittoor districts starts from Nadikotkur Mandal only. Sangamaheshwaram the place where seven rivers meet is located around 12 km from Nandikotkur.

Transport[edit]

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Nandikotkur bus station.[3]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[4][5] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

NANDYAL

Nandyal is a Town in Kurnool district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipality and the headquarters of Nandyal mandal in Nandyal revenue division.[3][4]

History[edit]

Nandyal has been an important pilgrimage site since the days of the Vijayanagar Kingdom due to the nine Nandi temples mentioned above. It was the introduction of the railways in 1890, however, that led to its rapid development. It became a municipality in 1900 and was visited, among others, by Mahatma GandhiDr. Rajendra PrasadJawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi.

Geography[edit]

Nandyal is surrounded by hills with the Kundu River on its west, the dense forests of Nallamala Hills to the east and granite mines to the south.

The City is rich in water sources like reservoirs. These give it an equitable climate throughout the year. However, summers can be particularly hot. The average temperature is around 28 °C.

Transport[edit]

The City is well connected by road and railways. The NH18 [ presently National Highway 40 (India) (NH 40)] is well connected to Kurnool, Tirupathi, Kadapa etc. The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Nandyal bus station.[8] Nandyal Junction is administered under Guntur railway division of South Central Railways.[9] Kurnool Airport which is being constructed at Orvakal to be commissioned in July 2018 is 50 km from Nandyal

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[10][11] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu, Urdu.

 

YEMMIGANUR

Yemmiganur is a town in Kurnool district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in Yemmiganur mandal of Adoni revenue division.[4]

History[edit]

Yemmiganur is one of the major towns in the Kurnool district. It was part of the Vijayanagar from the 14th century to the 16th century. From 1953 to 1956 it was an Andhra state, now in part of Andhra Pradesh. In 1965 the Panchayat of Yemiganur was upgraded to a Municipality. Now it is a Grade -I Municipality. It is a city at present. The current MLA is B.V. Jaya Nageshwar Reddy (TDP Party).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 95,149. The total population constitute, 47,456 males, 47,693 females and 12,177 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 62.98% with 52,254 literates, significantly lower than the national average of 73.00%.[5]

Transport[edit]

The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Yemmiganur bus station.[6]

Education[edit]

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[7][8] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

 

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